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be satisfied with merely
._dde— w .iiust have the largest growth
iized and a, , e r of Corr merce, backed up bv every
«!tky Mount is har<jj£ .Acelled in the world for richness of soil and the variety
ire grown successt<\'!>\ Rocky Mount is a cotton inarket of note, one of the
state, and a big sTnpping point for the products of the truck farm. The soil is ad-
otton, tobacco-, oats, corn, wheat, peanuts, alfalfa and almost all kinds of grasses.
ire no floods and no droughts. The crops are sure.
condition therefore of the country round about the city are no less notable than those
w iand, with a good clay subsoil, bearing its abundant fruits of labor, and dotted with
..ith telephones, automobiles and other modern conveniences, peopled by a sturdy, industrious
': filiation, constitute one of the city's most valuable assets. The cultivation of the land is done
-.itelligently, with the most improved farming utensils and machinery. Stock, dairy and truck farms
profits, and here is found some of the finest blooded cattle to be seen an} where. And yet, the country
.that it is yet in its earliest morning; and the farmers, improving in skill afd intelligence each year, rais-
" of boys educated in practical agriculture, continue to eagerly seek for "ther means of improving their
thods, utensils and the iand. The future holds glowing promise.
the center of this, one of the fairest and most bounteous lands created by the Almighty, populated by a
ired by the Historian to be "the freest of the free," who have just now learned to apply their intelligence
commercial affairs, lies ROCKY MOUNT, the energy-panoplied young giant of the East, already North
istest growing city.
& s y
The Best Governed City in North Carolina.
of Rocky Mount as a well-governed community, one whose bus ess affairs are administered in a bus-
been well-established ever since the city was a village. No gt >r scandal, no whisper of dishonesty
•y. has ever marred the white record of the municipal govern , Those not familiar with the facts
ces have sometimes marvelled at Rocky Mount's unusual g< une in this respect. But theansv er
•ene Looking North on Main Street.
Showing four buildings of the Railroad Shops at South Rocky Mount.
%v S 6 Whe " \u U k u? W t u Jt [ s ^is: the best, broadest and most capable business and professional men of the
i tn h, fh neV w r / h0Ught 'i b£ . neath them t0 take an active P art in municipal politics; yea more, they have recognized
^^. dU S a ^f°? d ^ M ?& t0 * ethilt - flieg0vernment be clean and economical, and have been willing to
SSS^S^^gH^ rer ibility ' The ** theref0re ' h3S bee " in ^ d and ca > able ** fafthS
P v„ R , 0Cky u M0Unt Ju P roud o f ^r line of mayors. During the past twenty years, the following have occupied the
execuhve chair: Thomas H. Battle (Mayor ten years,Alderman fifteen years, Chairman School Boar since 1 886
£ I iw>T T n8 Th e Co 7 A m * ttee for t te , n y^s jto July 1910,) W. L. Thorpe (Attorney at Law.) Joseph Bake (Attorney
at Law) T. T. Thorne Attorney at Law and now State Senator,) and the present Mayor Mr Joseph B Ramsev
These would compare favorably with the chief executives of the best governed and larg?s c t es of the natfon , *"
The present city government is as follows: nanon.
Mayor and Recorder, Joseph B. Ramsey (Attorney at Law, and President First National Bank)
l Realty CO., and Treasurer of the Rocky Mount «k) ^
C. H. Harris,
Mayor Pro Tempore .
E L Daughtridge, (Planter and large real estate owner)
Dr. John Battle,
Chief Of Police
J. S. Davis.
Dr. Ivan Battle.
Supt. Electric Plant
A. S. Lyon.
j C Braswel. (President The YlJS^^f Abran, (of Abrann Book Co.)
W. D. Joyner, Jr. (of JoynerWoS) B. L. Daughtridge (Planter)
L P. Matthews (of A. C. L. R R-Co ) W. H. Home (Planter)
* for, A C L R R °Co ) W a R Lancaster, (of Battle & Lancaster, Furniture House)
W.B.Darrow(Supt.ofTransportahon, A. C. L. *• "^ ^
R R Gay, (of Gay &Arrington, Hardware.)
Sixf/i WW .
Th e * Kuauees are now, as usuat, uTe£eSS„^,U SSi**-* - - g o»er„ m eu, are wo*
Scene on the Railroad Yards at South Rocky Mount showing thousands of car wheels,
ing efficiently and in harmony. The police forceps admirably manned, and with the mayor properly
path of the evil-doer is rendered mighty hard in Rocky Mount. The people are law-abiding^ too busy to break
law if they had the inclination, and public sentiment is behind law enforcement in every case.
The whole city takes pride in the reputation of the city government, and under these circumstances it is not to
be wondered at that Rocky Mount can with good reason, claim to be, not only the fastest growing city in North Car-
olina, but also the best-governed city in the Tar Heel State.
The Chamber of Commerce.
It has been indeed fortunate for Rocky Mount that its citizens early recognized the great importance of concert
of action; and it is to this fact that much of the city's extraordinary growth and development must be attributed It
was the good fortune of the community in the beginning to be settled by men of strong and broad-guaged ancestry
whose natures were too big for them to be blinded to the interests of the city by their own private individual affairs!
ACL Relief Department Hospita 1 .
Theref „ r eRo*vMo»„, h as b ee„no«y tre e,ro m those pe tty iea.ou.es and ,oca, feuos t oa« Have so ^
Pavillion at Oakland Park.
Scene along Main Street.
other enterprises, was its first President, and its membership has included and does include, the business and pro-
fessional strength of the city. Its accomplishments have been very crediitable, and it is felt now that the organization
is entering on a still larger usefulness.
In the fall of 1910, it was decided that better results might be obtained and the organization prove more effective,
if funds were raised and a capable business manager employed for his whole time, who would maintain offices in the
city and devote his entire energy to the interests of the community as a city. This has been done.
Imperial Tobacco Company's Building, considered Absolutely f.re proof and costing nearly $
The officers of the Chamber of Commerce are now as follows: President Lewis C. Levy (of Braswell & Levy,
Tobacco) Vice Presidents R B. Davis Jr., (Cashier First National Bank) F. A. Hampton (Attorney at Law);Secre-
ta?y & Treasurer JW Aycock (Cashier The Planters Bank); Business Manager, John L. Arnngton; Execut.ve
Committee, J. W. Hines, J. W. Aycock, W. S. Wilkinson, L. C. Levy.
The offices of the Chamber are on the Second Floor of The Planters Bank. A postal card will bring ^erature
and a full exhibit and explanation of what the city has to offer, to any one who makes enquiry. Free fac tory sites
and other substantial inducements are offered to manufacturing enterprises. Address John L. Arnngton, Business
The Schools of the City.
In the determined and unremitting building of the city, Rocky Mount citizens have not ■ overlooked the fact that
one of the corner-stones of the structure must be adequate educational facilities for their children. They have been
the reverse of niggardly in this respect, and have responded nobly to every educational need. The public schools or
the city are institutions in which every loyal Rocky Mounter takes the deepest pride. BIlhlir h„ fln H a
In 1902 a graded school district was created that embraced within its limits, he whole town and suburbs, and a
bond issue provided the necessary funds for the building and equipment. A brick building of fine proportions was
ejected thoroughly modern in all of its appointments. The first year of the school, the students, numbered about
350 'with twelve teachers The growth of the schools has been very rapid. In 1909 another building was erected n
the opposite side of the town, much larger than the first. This new building is located on the corner of Marygo Id
and R P aTeigh Its, and has few superiors in size and beauty of architecture in North CaroUna A conse rva tjve es .mate
would fix the value of the public school buildings of the city at this time at nearly $60,000.00. The past year, the
number of students attending the white schools was approximately 1,000.
Nor have the people of Reeky Mount forgotten their duty to the colored children A convenient and commodious
building has been provided for the negroes, with a competent corps of teachers. The enrollment of the colored
graded school the past year was nearly 400.
The officials that have in charge, the educational interests of the city, are as follows:
BOARD OF TRUSTEES.
Thomas H. Battle, Chairman; L. V. Bassett. Secretary; J. C. Braswell W. S. Wilkinson ,TL ^home Ed
Gorham, Geo. J. Hales, Geo. L. Parker, J. Q. Robinson. Superintendent, Prof Z. B. McW horter (Vanderb.lt
University and Peabody Normal College); Principal, E. M Highsmith A.B., (University of North Carolina
Teachers- First Grade, Misses Nemmie G. Paris, and Bessie McDearman, and Mrs C. Y^ Thorpe, Second
Grade, Misses Martha Darden, Mary Lee Shine, Nellie Arrington; Third Grade, Misses Add.e Pans, Nannie B.
Cooper, Mavis Lucile Griffin; Fourth Grade, Misses Fannie T. Anderson, Claude Bassett, Lulu H. Jackson; Fifth
Grade, Misses Fannie Gorham and Mary Embra Morton; Sixth Grade,Miss Bessie C. Whitehead and Hattie Strachan;
Seventh Grade, Misses Nannie E. Richardson and Lucy Dillard Hall; Eighth Grade Miss Margaret Redmond.
Music Teachers, Misses Lois Threadgill and Constant Checkley. The teachers of the Colored Graded School are
as follows: Principal, Prof. John W. Bird, and Geo. H. Porter, Nellie Pitt, Chanler Battle, Olivia Cobb, Fannie
Halliday, and Mrs. Susie Baskerville.
The great care that is provided for Rocky Mount school interests, and the competency of the management, will
be seen from the fact, that on the Board of Trustees of the Rocky Mount Graded Schools given above, are the
presidents of three banks, two State Senators, the Chairman of the school board of Nash county, wholesale grocers
and others of like standing. The able Superintendent, Prof. McWhorter is a native of Gatesville Ala., where Sher-
man started on his famous "march to the sea." Prior to coming here, Prof. McWhorter was for eight years, princi-
pal of the public schools of Mt. Olive, N. C. He received his education at Peabody Normal College and Vanderbilt
University. The principal, Prof. Highsmith is a graduate of the University of North Carolina, and is thoroughly
equipped for the high duties that have fallen on him. The corps of teachers is an admirable one, and they are rend-
ering the highest service.
Rocky Mount is thus able to offer prospective residents,educational advantages for their children that should satisfy
the most particular. And no fear need be entertained that as the city grows larger, the school facilities will keep step;
for Rocky Mount is building for the future as well as the present.
The Twin Counties.
Rocky Mount is not a county seat, but it is the metropolis of two counties. Half in Nash county an half in Edge-
combe county, the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad being the dividing line between the counties, Rocky Mount occupies
a commanding position in both, by reason of wealth, intelligence, and population. The two counties referred to are
rich in historical fame, as well as in their soil and the diversity of their industries. They have produced some of the
ablest and noblest sons of North Carolina, men who have made and written the state's history in War and Peace.
And the sons of Nash and Edgecombe today are taking a large part in the political and industrial, as well as the moral
and social development of the commonwealth. The weight of these twin-counties is always felt in legislation, and
the voice of their people carries a potent influence in the councils of the political parties and the state.
Tarboro is the county seat of Edgecombe, and Nashville the county seat of Nash.
Methodist Protestant Church
Rockv Mount is fully resolved that the future shall see large and beautiful playgrounds for the rest and recreation
of her citizens during their spare hours. Oakland Park on Tarboro Street, covering almost a whole block has been
established for years Here, during the summer, the city is treated to vaudeville and comedy performances of a high
order The park also has an excellent dancing pavillion, and a good orchestra is employed during the whole season.
A new and extensive playground, that will be without a superior in the country is one of the things that will be
brought to pass during the near future. This will be located on the picturesque River Tar which winds about the
city on three sides.
Dunn* the past few years, Rocky Mount has had professional baseball of Class D, the city being a member of
the Eastern Carolina Baseball League, which includes the cities of Raleigh, Wilmington, Goldsboro Wilson, Fay-
etteville and Rocky Mount. In 1910, Rocky Mount won the second series of the season, Fayetteville winning the
first. The local baseball park is one of the best in Eastern Carolina.
The Rocky Mount Bar.
The Rocky Mount Bar is an unusually strong one, the dean being Ex-Judge Jacob Battle of the family of that
name long distinguished in North Carolina history. Other members are Hon. Frank S. Spruill, Hon. L. V. Bassett
Hon T T Thorne, Hon. W. L. Thorpe, and Messrs. J. P. Bunn, E. B. Grantham, Frank A. Hampton, Richard
Fountain, Joseph B. Ramsey, James W. Keel, and Victor Barnhill.
A Great Railroad Centre.
Among the railroad centres of North Carolina, Rocky Mount ranks first. 38 passenger trains and 60 freight-
trains enter and leave the city every day. The number of freight cars handled to and from Rocky Mount reaches
2,000 per day. The engines and crews of the Atlantic Coast Line Trains are made up and changed here, ana the
VIEWS AT SOUTH ROCKY MOUNT
Showing Two of The Many Buildings of The Coast Line at That Point
cars coming from different points are classified here and put in solid trains and sent on to their various destinations.
Here also, at South Rocky Mount, are located, the great repair shops of the Atlantic Coast Line System, and the second
largest yards in the United States.
The approximate number of employees of this railroad system at Rocky Mount is as follows-
men Yard Clefks ^Tothers d ' in Tran ^ ortation Department ' including Yard Masters ' Yard Conductors, Switch-
Number of employees in'offices at Rocky Mount - - - -"■-"."_"" 2 il
Number of employees in shops ---------____ r wj
Q , ,^ hen jt ?s considered that a large proportion of these 1591 employees are high-salaried 3 officers and employees'
and the remainder skilled workmen drawing high wages, it can readily be imagined what' a large pay roll is here dS
tnbuted by this railroad system. It amounts to approximately $1,000,000.00 per year. Her fare the general offices
S inenntend d i V, t S10 f n 'T eaded 5 y t - Mr W , ?" u N T eli ' General Superintendent, the office of Mr. W* B Darrow
Superintendent of Transportation and of the division counsel and special attorneys. Here also are the offices or
the Supt. of Motive Power, Road Foreman of Engines and General Car Inspector.
The New Passenger Station.
, p The railroad company has here its own electric lighting systems. The station is now one of the prettiest on the
line, and the contract has just been let for a great enlargement and remodelling of the same
I he plans included in the contract, provide that the present passenger station shall be made two stories over its
3 H «Unh?5wn nd t Wm K gS I*/ 6 "™ 8 3b0Ut fif ^ y f6et further West be added t0 each end of the bu?lding an3 'hese
will also be two stones in height The present baggage room will be thrown into the waiting room and the new
baggage room will be located in the North wing. The present mail and express rooms will be thrown into the oS
waiting room and the mail and express rooms placed in the South wing. The offices of the General Superintendent
Superintendent of Transportation, Engineer of Roadway, Supervisor of Buildings, Roadmasters and S [Attor-
neys wil be on he second floor in addition to the offices of the Superintendent Train Master and Dispatchers of the
Fayetteville District, which are already located there. uispaiuiers or tne
This remodeled building will be equipped with entirely new modern plumbing and steam-heating facilities The
fc'£t 3 : ^brella shed of abont 500 feet in length, and other minor improvements too numerous to mention
When this is completed, Rocky Mount's passenger station will have no superior in the state.
Bridge Over Falls -At Close R
A. C. L. Relief Department Hospital.
Bridge Over Falls— From A Distance
nurses and is under the direct supervision of Dr, G. G. Thomas, Chief Surgeon of the Relief Department. Hie
hospital is only open to members of the Relief Department who are also employees of the Rai road Company but
there are few members of the Relief Department who fail to avail themselves of its privileges when necessity arises.
The Railroad Y. M. C. A.
About a year ago the Railroad Company instituted an investigation into the working of the Railroad Branch of
the Young Men's Christian Association and was so pleased with the results obtained that they appropriated funds tor
the erection of a modern Y. M. C. A. Building in this city. It Will be located in the vicinity of the passenger station.
Plans have all been made, the funds appropriated, the contract awarded and the ground is being broken.
The proposed building will be about 1 10 feet frontage and about 90 feet depth in center which will be in the torrrl
of a "T" The basement will be fully concreted under the whole building and here will be located eight or ten
modern shower baths, also other facilities. The basement will also accommodate bowling alleys. The nrst floor
will have ample space for a large lobby in the center of the building and a restaurant, if desired on one end
and a large reading room on the other and an auditorium in the rear of the center to seat about 300 people. 1 he second
floor will consist of single sleeping rooms and toilet rooms.
The entire building and grounds is deeded to the Railroad Branch of the Young Men s Christian Association by
the Railroad Company and will be controlled exclusively by the Y. M. C. A. Directors. The Railroad Company
will also pay the salary of the permanent Secretary.
Of the amount necessary for construction, citizens of Rocky Mount contributed $5,000.00 and the Railroad Com-
pany $30,000.00. _ .
1 he r reight Depot.
The freight depot of the A. C. L. at Rocky Mount, is costly and capacious, admirably constructed tor the hand-
ling of the immense volume cf freight of the lusty young metropolis of the east. ,
Built but a few years ago, with thought to provide for the increase of business for many years, it is now how-
ever pushed to its capacity, and crowded hourly with merchandise coming to Rocky Mount from all parts ot the
world and our own goods going to the uttermost parts. The Railroad Company has realized that it s hard to guage
the growth of Rocky Mount, and that only constant enlargement and construction can provide adequate facilities tor
Electric Power and Water Station — Outside View
Inside View Electric Power and Water Station
Rocky Mount Public Works,
As has been said, Rocky Mount owns its Water, sewerage and electric lighting system and works. And further,
its electric lighting plant alone shows a profit at the end of the year just past of several thousand dollars, after deduct-
ing charges at full rate for all the current used by the city. So, as is the case with other departments, Rocky Mount
Public Works are conducted on sound business principles and methods. It should be considered, too that the profit
above referred to has been made, while charging a light rate much less than that prevailing in other cities of similar
size in tnis stcitc.
f„ -, T u e e .t ctric t light pla , nt and waterworks are located one mile west of the business section, on Tar River, which
furnishes the water supply of the city The plants were designed by a firm of Atlanta Engineers, and the instaUatio
of machinery and the construction of buildings, reservoirs, foundations etc., was looked alter bv Mr AS Lyon the
present competent Superintendent of Public Works. The electric light plant is composed of two cross compound
^ndensing four-valve engines of 340 H. P. each connected to two 200 K. W. Fort Wayne Alternating Current Gen-
erators of 2300 volts. It furnishes current for both street lighting and commercial purposes. In Sept 1909 a day
power circuit was started, which supplies a three-phase current for use in driving motors in the various industries
formerly using .steam and gasoline power The rates for commercial and domestic purposes are each ten cents pg
W h' rtth £ c' SC ° U !l- de P end « n g.on vo ume used. The rates for power of the three-phase circuit is five cents per K
W H., with the same d.scounts as in lighting. The engines are driven by two Heine water tube boilers of ?00 and
125 H P. respectively. Fhey furnish steam at 150 pounds atthe engine throttle. These same boilers furnish
steam for dnving the three large pumps in the water station. The auxiliary apparatus in the electric station consS
of one motor-driven exciter, and one engine-driven exciter, both of 20 K. W. capacity and one :Deane steam ie Con-
denser, into which the two large engines exhaust their steam. steam jet con
The Water Works.
The water works plant is under the same roof as the Electric Plant, and consists of one large Laidlaw Dunn Gor-
? hX ne U lt°T P r n i co "densin g) compound duplex pumping engine, of two and a half millions capacity in
24 hours. It has also two Smith-Vale compound duplex pumps of 750,000 gallons each within 24 hours These are
the pumps which force the water to the city for fire and domestic purposes The plant contains two N Y Contin-
hodl5oTo^SLl^t^r aPaCty ° f 2 ' ? h ' 000 .^ 1 I ons - T here is ° ne !arge reinforced concrete reservoir whSi
f P l Lpn'S If fiS i I Sl0 u ge - l her u e 1S al ?° °" e large reinforced concrete coagulating basin which is six
feet deep and 75 feet in diameter. It is in this basin that the water from the river is pumped with sufficient alum
water solution to settle out any impurities that may be contained in the raw water. The water stays in S basm
from two to three hours, and ,s pumped to and through the two large sand filters above mentioned where the re-
maining impurities are caught and held. The water goes from the filters to the large concrete reservoiV and is ready
tmt/-..' • ■ ' ^^ ww *
West Graded School Building
per cent of the harmful bacteria, which is considered an
East Graded School Building
for use. The filters and the coagulating basin take out
unusually high per cent.
The buildings, reservoirs and foundations were built by D. J. Rose & Co., contractorsof this city, and the olans
and specifications were drawn by F. D. Milstead and J. N. Ely, Engineers, of Atlanta. The construction and instal-
lation was under the supervision of Mr. A. S. Lyon, Supt. The approximate cost of the plant, including new trans-
mission lines, and new 14-inch water main to standpipe, was close to $85,000.00
The sewerage system has cost to the present time, about $30,800.00. The city has under construction a new sew-
erage disposal plant located near the railroad bridge, that when completed, will have cost approximately $6,500.00
This plant will consist of three concrete tanks and one chemical house, and is being built under direction of the N.
C. State Board of Health, in compliance with their new regulations.
The Superintendent of Public Works is Mr. A. S. Lyon, who has efficiently filled the position for the past seven
years. Mr. Lyon is a native of Granville County, a graduate of the North Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical
College, class of 1899 with the degree of B. S. On the completion of a special course in Electrical Engineering at
this college, Mr. Lyon took charge of the Roanoke Navigation & Waterpower Co., where he remained until 1904,
when he came to Rocky Mount. His record as Superintendent of Public Works is a fine one, and his services have
been eminently satisfactory to the city.
Rocky Mount is emphatically a church and church-going town, and has some of the most creditable church edi-
fices in the state. The church membership is large in proportion to population, and the greater part of the members
are active in church work and worship. While the religious spirit is dominant in the town, it is a broad and liberal
spirit with regard to denominationalism. Almost all religious faiths are represented in the city, and tolerance is (he
rule, all churches working in harmony and cooperating to as large an extent as possible. The churches (white) in
Rocky Mount, are as follows: Missionary Baptist 4, Primitive Baptist 1, Methodist Episcopal 4, Methodist Protes-
tant 1, Presbyterian 1, Episcopal 1, Christian 1, Catholic 1, total 14. There are also a number of Christian Scientists
here though they have no organized church. The Primitive Baptists were the first to establish a church in Rocky
Mount, away back in the early days of America. This church was located and is yet located near the Falls of the
Tar, and for a hundred years has been a landmark and a place of gathering. The history of this church and the
history of Rocky Mount have been entwined through all the years of the town's existence. The new Methodist
Church at the corner of Church Street and Sunset Avenue was built five years ago, and is a model church boih arch-
itecturally and with regard to convenience. With the parsonage adjoining, it cost approximately $25,000.00. The
new Presbyterian Church just completed is a most handsome edifice, costing $20,000.00. Thoroughly modern and
convenient in its appointments, it has no superior as a church building in this section. The ideal and handsome
brick house of the Episcopal Church on Church Street is well worthy of mention, and this church includes in its
membership some of the leading and most progressive citizens of Rocky Mount. The First Baptist congregation,
one of the largest church organizations in the city, are preparing to erect this year a large and costly brick building
on their handsome lot on Church Street, that will be commensurate with the size and wealth of this strong church.
First Methodist Episcopal Church
Presbyterian Church — Rev. Dr. W. D. Morton, Pastor
The pastors of the various white churches of the city, are as follows:
First Baptist Church, Rev. I. M. Mercer, D. D.
Arlington Street Baptist, Rev. A. B. Harrell.
First Presbyterian Church, Rev. W. D. Morton, D. D
First Methodist Church, Rev, L. P. Howard.
Episcopal Church (Church of the Good Shepherd) Rev. R. B. Owens.
Calvary Baptist, Rev. W. O. Biggs.
N. Rocky Mount Baptist, Rev. C. G. Lowe.
Primitive Baptist, Elder P. D. Gold.
Marvin Methodist, Rev. J. B. Thompson
South Ry. Mt. Methodist, do
Clarice St. Methodist, do
Methodist Protestant, Pastorate vacant
Christian Church, Rev. H. C. Boblitt
Catholic, Father C. B. Harriman.
The colored church membership is also very strong in Rocky Mount, and while the city has its share ot the dis-
reputable colored element to be found in all Southern cities, it is probable that Rocky Mount has more substantial
colored citizens, who own their own homes and are succeeding in business, than any other city of like size in the
South. Though perhaps a little out of connection just at this point, it might be mentioned that the negroes ot Rocky
Mount own and operate a silk mill, said to be the only one owned and operated by negroes in the state, and one ot
the few in the world so owned and operated.
The Rocky Mount Road District.
Rocky Mount is justly proud of her good roads, especially within a radius of five to ten miles from the city
These roads, built of sand and clay are the envy of the surrounding towns, and maintain their excellence through all
sorts of weather. . , „
The first great impetus given good roads building was the passage of an act through the IN. C. Legislature ot
1907, after a hard struggle, creating the Rocky Mount Road District. This district embraces 100 square miles ot
territory with Rocky Mount as the centre. It is under the supervision and control of the Rocky Mount Road Com-
mission, composed of one member elected by the county commissioners of Nash county, one member elected by the
county commissioners of Edgecombe county, and three members elected by the Board of Aldermen of the city of
Rocky Mount. The bill as passed authorized a bond issue of $100,000.00 of 40-year bonds and a special tax levy.
There was much outside opposition to the bill, which was introduced in the State Senate by Senator T. 1 . 1 home,
and dire predictions were made. , . , ,
It is a fact however that the working of the system has been ideal. Old roads have been straightened, new
Owned by Mr. Hyrmn Phil'ps, of Tarboro,
unt 1 recently an attorney of Rocky Mount,
how practic ng law with Solic'tor Allsbrook in
Tarboto. Ths build ng is one of the best of-
fice build.ngs in the city.
roads have been built, and travelling and hauling made easy and profitable instead of the struggle that they used to
be. The benefits that have accrued to the town and district are inestimable, and further work is being pushed The
taxation has scarcely been felt, and the increase of land value has overpaid the cost many times All the offenders
sent to the roads from the Recorder's Court of the city of Rocky Mount, and all the offenders whose crimes were
committed in this district and who are convicted in the two county Recorder's Courts of Nash and Edgecombe are
sent to The Rocky Mount Road District Road Force to work out their sentences.
The present members of the Rocky Mount Road Commission are:
W. E. Jeffries,
W. S. Wilkinson,
W. H. Home,
E. L. Daughtridge,
E. W. Shearin.
The Fire Company.
Rocky Mount's fire company is well-manned, well-equipped and is kept at a high order of efficiency It includes
The Chief is Dr. J. J. Battle and the Asst. Chief, Mr. D. D. Daughtridge.
The city division has as equipment, two Horse-Hose- Wagons, a Number Four Steamer, and is manned by 28
me £ w ■ W : R , a ^ ls ., i ? Foreman - w - s - M oye 1st Asst' Foreman, and W. Soden Jr., 2nd Asst. Foreman. Quarters
in the Municipal Building.
The Hook & Ladder division (Colored) is composed of Mclntyre, Foreman, and sixteen men, with hook and
ladder truck. Their quarters are on Thomas Street.
The Gibson Hill Division has ten men, one hose truck and has quarters on Bassett Street. Luther Dausrhtridee
is Foreman s 6
The North Rocky Mount division has a hose-truck with quarters on the Falls Road. This division has ten men
with Foreman Bass.
Besides these fire departments maintained by the city, The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company keeps a hose
department of its own near the shops at South Rocky Mount.
It would be a' long story to undertake to tell of the numerous acts of daring and heroism that must be credited to
the Rocky Mount Firemen. It suffices to say, that a braver and more loyal company exists nowhere, and that
each individual has proven his willingness to imperil his life if necessary in defense of Rocky Mount against the
ravages of the flames. These men occupy a warm place in the hearts of the citizens of the city.
It should be added that on two occasions the local department has won honors in state contests.
Rocky Mount Military Company.
Having produced men whose bravery and war-like spirit won for them high military honors, and the meed of
Immortality in the Revolution, and later in the great struggle of the War Between The States, it was inevitable that
Rocky Mount should have even in these peaceful times, a military organization.
Rocky Mount's military company, which is Company "C" of the Second Regiment N. C. National (_»uard, is
only about three years old, and has already won honors at the two State Encampments the company has attended
They have an armory, club room and quarters on the Second Floor of the Rose Building on Main Street. The
company has 47 members, and the officers are as follows:
Captain, J. S. Lewis,
First Lieutenant, H. L. Daughtry,
Second Lieutenant, A. E. Dixon.
The Rocky Mount Mills.
Ranking next to the railroad company as employers of labor and in respect to size and prominence are The
Rocky Mount Mills situated at The Falls of The Tar. '
These mills are three in number but are so joined together as to constitute one great industrial giant They are
the support of a large mill town, now an integral part of the city, and contain 30,099 spindles, manufacturing cotton
These mills/aside from their overshadowing importance as the city's largest manufacturing industry, are a
source of pride to all the people of Rocky Mount from an historical standpoint. First built in 1818, burned down in
1863 by the Federal forces, rebuilt, and burned down a second time in 1871, then immediately rebuilt, neither the
exigencies of war nor the financial pitfalls of peace have been able to engulf them. Sentiment is mingled with in-
terest therefore, in the regard the people of Rocky Mount have for the Rocky Mount Mills.
The secret of the mills' success and longevity can be found in the uniformly competent management since their
The Mills were launched in 1818 by three men, Messrs. Joel Battle, Evans and Donnelson, with Joel Battle as
Manager. And since the beginning, for nearly a hundred years, a Battle has been manager. 93 years in one family,
it is perhaps safe to say, is a record that is equalled by few other businesses of like proportions in the United
States. Slave labor was used in the mills exclusively until the year 1855, when white labor was substituted. The
present Treasurer and Manager of The Rocky Mount Mills is Mr. Thomas H. Battle, a great-grandson of Joel Bat-
tle, the founder of the business and its first manager.
It would not be amiss to give in this connection, a few particulars about the House of Battle, which
for more than a century has been distinguished in North Carolina history. The Edgecombe branch of the
family was founded in 1742 by Elisha Battle (grandfather of Joel Battle above mentioned and great-great-
great-grandfather of Thomas H. Battle) who came to North Carolina from Virginia, and settled on the
banks of Tar River. Elisha Battle was a Senator from Edgecombe in the General Assembly of North Carolina for
ten years, and was President of the North Carolina Convention which finally ratified the Constitution of the United
States, North Carolina and Rhode Island holding out and refusing to ratify until certain amendments vital to the
liberties of the people had been adopted. Elisha Battle was a great Primitive Baptist and one of the founders in this
section, (where it even now has so large an influence) of the church of that denomination, so justly famed for probity
and the practice of real Christianity. Elisha Battle's grandson, Joel Battle, was the founder of the Rocky Mount
Mills as stated in the foregoing. Joel Battle's son, Hon. William H. Battle, was for eight years on the Superior
Court Bench of North Carolina, and for fifteen years a Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court, being regarded
as one of the ablest judges who ever sat upon that court, which has been graced by many of the ablest jurists known
to American Jurisprudence. Dr. Kemp P. Battle, son of Judge William H. Battle, and father of Mr. Thomas H.
Battle, is a man loved and honored by all North Carolinians. Serving for 16 years with conspicuous ability and use-
fulness, as President of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, earlier as State Treasurer, and later as Pro-
fessor of History at the University, he is now in retirement, full of years and full of honors, and is the recipient of
an income under the Carnegie Education Endowment Fund given for conspicuous educational services.
It is sufficient to say of Mr. Thomas H, Battle, that he is in all respects worthy of his ancestry. Since his early
manhood, he has been one of the most potent forces for progress and good in the building of Rocky Mount and this
section. He was for ten years Mayor of Rocky Mount, his administration of the city government being a model of
economy, progressiveness and general excellence. He was Alderman for fifteen years and Chairman of the Finance
Committee for ten years, resigning from the Board of Aldermen in July 1910. He is now and has been since 1886,
Chairman of the School Board of the city. Besides being Treasurer and Manager of The Rocky Mount Mills, Mr.
Battle is at present, President of The Bank of Rocky Mount, the oldest financial institution in the city, President of
The Rocky Mount Saving & Trust Co., President of Rocky Mount Homestead & Loan Association, the oldest institu-
tion of its kind in the city, and of The Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Co., and is largely interested in other things
that mean much to the city.
The President of The Rocky Mount Mills, Hon. R. H. Ricks, who is the subject of a sketch elsewhere in this
book, is probably the wealthiest man in this section, and his touch has seemed to spell success to every enterprise
with which he has ever been connected.
The full list of officers and directors of The Rocky Mount Mills is as follows:
President, R. H. Ricks.
Sec. & Treas. and Manager, Thomas H. Battle.
Superintendent, H. L. Holden.
A. J. Ruffin
R. B. Peebles
W. K. Carr
A. P. Thorpe
J. D. Dawes
R. H. Ricks
T. H. Battle.
MR. F. P. SPRUILL, Cashi,
The Rocky Mount Savings & Trust Co.
An institution that has wielded a big power for good, in that it has helped the citizens to cultivate habits
of saving and thrift, is The Rocky Mount Savings & Trust Co.
This institution which has earned from the people the familiar name of "The Savings Bank", was launched on
the business sea, Nov. 2, 1903, with the following officers: President, Thomas H. Battle (also Pres. The Bank of
Rocky Mount.) Vice-President, J. C. Braswell (also President The Planters Bank.) Cashier, Frank P. Spruill.
The capital was $10,000.00. From the initial day, this bank has prospered and has done a great work in the com-
munity. The same President, Vice-President and Cashier have guided its fortunes to this day, and it is safe to say
that no institution in Rocky Mount has been better managed or more successful.
At the end of the first year in business, the deposits were $76,302.65. They have grown steadily each year ex-
cept the year of the famous 1907-8 panic, and the decrease that year was very small as compared with that of other
financial concerns. The following table shows the deposits at the end of each business year since the beginning;
Nov. 2, 1904 - - - - $76,302.65
Nov. 2, 1905 - - - - 127,542.67
Nov. 2, 1906 - - - - 164,332.21
Nov. 2, 1907 - - - - 179,940.11
Nov. 2, 1908 - - - - 168,257.64
Nov. 2, 1909 - - - - 207,394.63
Nov. 2, 1910 - - "-' - 231,119.32
Mr. Frank P. Spruill, the Cashier of this bank since its organization, is not only a capable and faithful bank offi-
cial, but a useful and popular citizen. His career is one of the best illustrations of the fact that industry, honesty
and ability are bound to succeed even under adverse circumstances. Mr. Spruill was born in Halifax County, N.
C. Oct. 17, 1881. He came to Rocky Mount Aug. 15, 1898, as office boy for the American Tobacco Company. In
the summer of 1899, he drove an ice wagon for the local ice company. In the fall of 1899 he went back to the Amer-
ican Tobacco Company as Asst. Factory Manager. In the summer of 1900, he was soda fountain boy at Griffin's
Drug Store. In the fall of 1900, he accepted a position as Asst. Factory Manager for Thorpe & Ricks', leaf tobacco
dealers. In 1901, through the kindness and advice of Mr. A. P. Thorpe, he was enabled to go to Poughkeepsie,N.
Y. to attend the Eastman Business College. Returning in the fall of 1901, he again accepted a position with Thorpe
& Ricks, which he held until the organization of The Rocky Mount Savings & Trust Co., when he was elected Cash-
ierof this institution. Feb. 22, 1908. Mr. Spruill was married to Mrs. A. M. Shaw, who was formerly Miss Fannie
The officers and directors of this bank are now as follows:
President, Thomas H. Battle; Vice-President, James C. Braswell; Cashier, Frank P. Spruill.
Directors, Thomas H. Battle, J. C. Braswell, J. W. Aycock, A. P. Thorpe, Geo. S. Edwards, S. L. Arrington,
M. C. Braswell, R. H. Ricks, H. B. Marriott, J. R. Bennett.
L. F. TILLERY & SON,
INSURANCE, REAL ESTATE, LOANS AND RENTS
PHILIPS BUILDING, MAIN STREET,
ROCKY MOUNT, N. C
The firm of L. F. Tillery & Son is comparatively a new one, having begun business Jan. 1, 1911; but the senior
member of the firm is so well and favorably known to Rocky Mount and all this section (having been Cashier of The
Bank of Rocky Mount for 23 years) that they really need no introduction to the people.
Mr. Luther Fentriss Tillery came to Rocky Mount as a child in 1867, when what is now the metropolis of Eastern
Carolina was only a small hamlet. Since his young manhood, he has been identified with things that have contribut-
ed largely to the building of the city, and toward the best results from a moral standpoint. In his youth, Mr. Tillery
was in the railroad and telegraph service, and was for three years manager of the Newbern office of the Western Un-
ionTelegraph Co. In 1889, with Mr. Thomas H. Battle and Mr. S. E. Westray, as associates, he took part in the organiza-
tion of The Bank of Rocky Mount, the first bank organized in Rocky Mount, and was elected Cashier. For twenty-three
years, until Jan. 1, 191 1, when he resigned to establish his present business, he served as Cashier of that institution, and it
is not too much to say, that as for efficiency, courtesy, integrity and popularity, no bank in North Carolina was bet-
ter served. Mr. Tillery won not only the confidence of all who came in contact with him, but inspired in all a gen-
uine liking. All these things being true, it is inevitable that his present business must be a large success. Mr. Tillery
was married Feb. 9, 1887, to Miss Vyne, of Michigan, who is and has been since her first residence here, a social
favorite. They have two children living. Miss Annie Vyne Tillery, and Mr. Luther Jarvis Tillery, the junior mem-
ber of the firm of L. F. Tillery & Son. Mr. L. F. Tilery's father, Dr. R. C. Tillery, was one of the best known and
most respected citizens of Rocky Mount, and was for two or three terms Mayor of the city in its earlier days. Dr.
Tillery was a veteran of the Civil War, being Captain in the Artillery Service of the Confederacy.and was at onetime,
Provost Marshal of the city of Wilmington. He came to Rocky Mount originally from Halifax County, N. C.
The junior member of the firm. Mr. Luther Jarvis Tillery is now only 19 years old, but shows fine business
capacity, and the future holds much promise for him. He was educated in the
Graded Schools of Rocky Mount, in the Warrenton High School (N. C.,) at
Culver, Ind., and in the U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis.
Messrs. L. F. Tillery & Son, write all forms of insurance, collect rents,
buy and sell real estate, handling same on commission, and negotiate loans.
They represent the following standard and reliable insurance companies,
among the best doing business in this country:
The Prudential Life, The New York Underwriters, the New Hampshire,
The Fidelity Phoenix, The Underwriters of Rocky Mount, and The Queen.
Anybody doing business with this firm may be assured in advance that
their matters will be handled with the utmost of care, efficiency, fidelity and
MR. L. F. TILLERY, Senior Membei of the Firm.
MR. W. E. JEFFREYS.
Chairman of the Board of County Commissioners of
Any work on Rocky Mount or Nash County that purposed to tell of their pro-
gress and improvement during the past twenty years would be incomplete if it did
not include a story of the life and public service of Mr. W. E. Jeffreys; for in al-
most every movement and undertaking looking to the building up and progress of
Rocky Mount, and Nash County especially, his energy and ability have
been among the most important and potent factors. Since 1898, Mr. Jeff-
reys has been a member and Chairman of the Nash County Board of Com-
missioners. This position is considered by far the most important official station in the County government, corres-
ponding as it does to the speakership and leadership of the legislature of a State, the Board of Commissioners con-
stituting the county's legislative body.
The record of Mr. Jeffreys' administration of county affairs is a story that is a source of pride to every loyal
Nash County citizen. It is certain that there is no county in North Carolina whose affairs are administered in a
wiser, more economical or more business like manner than are the affairs of Nash County under the present Board
of County Commissioners. Every transaction by the county is inspected just as closely and is made just as carefully
and economically as Mr. Jeffreys would transact a private matter that concerned only himself. For instance when
the new Grand Jury Building was erected a few years ago at a cost of approximately $3,000, Mr. Jeffreys saw to it
that the plans and arrangements were so made as to furnish the county law offices to rent, which are at this time
bringing in an annual revenue that amounts to 11 per cent, of the total cost of construction of the whole building,
In 1898, when Mr. Jeffreys was first elected County Commissioner, the county owed eight thousand dollars
($8,000.) Since that time, that debt has been liquidated in full; the Grand Jury Building, a two story brick structure,
has been erected at a cost of $3,000; approximately twelve thousand dollars ($12,000) has been spent in repairs, ad-
ditions and improvements on the Court House; exceeding $10,000 has been spent in protecting the citizens of the
county from the dread ravages of smallpox which gained a strong foothold in the county on the return of the soldiers
from the Spanish-American War; seven magnificient iron and steel bridges have been built over Tar River and one
over Swift Creek near Gold Rock, besides a large number of substantial wooden bridges over smaller streams in the
county; the County Home property has been converted into one of the finest agricultural and farming properties in
this section, new houses being built, the land improved, the best teams and farming utensils provided that could be
obtained; and in every particular the progress and improvement in county affairs have been most gratifying. The
last annual statement showed two hundred and twenty one substantial bridges, including ten of iron and steel.
All this has been done with the utmost economy, but with an eye to permanency and without burden to the tax-
payers; and it is but simple justice to say that the strong hand of Mr,
Jeffreys has been the guide and has furnished much of the strength.
The county does not owe a cent now, with the exception of a small loan
of $500, which the Treasurer can pay at any time without the slightest
It should be said too, that this fine and enduring service has been
rendered the county by Mr. Jeffreys at much personal sacrifice. He is
a man of large private interests. His idea of public service is such, that
if ever they come in conflict, his private interests must give place to the
interests of the county. It is natural therefore that he should be held,
as he is held, in universal respect and esteem by his fellow countymen.
His popularity was conclusively proven at the last election when he
was re-elected by the most overwhelming majority of his political career.
Mr. Jeffreys is a native of Granville County, North Carolina, born
September 22nd, 1859; and is therefore fifty one years old, in the prime
of vigorous and mature manhood. He was educated in the schools of
He lived in Henderson, N. C, for four years and
COUNTRY HQME OF MR. W. E. JEFFREYS.
Granville and plunged right into business in his early youth
was One of the most influential forces in the founding of the tobacco business in that town. He came to Rocky Mount
in I8:»2 and launched the Jeffreys' Tobacco Warehouse. His success in the tobacco business is a mattter of com-
mon knowledge, and it is said by those who ought to know, that a better judge of tobacco never operated on the local
market. In 1895, in obedience to his natural taste and inclination, he bought the large and valuable plantation near
Rocky Mount, known as the Thorpe place, and became a planter. He subsequently purchased other adjoining tracts
until his land holdings in Nash County now amount to, approximately, one thousand acres of the best and most favo-
rably situated land in the county. He conducts one of the largest and best dairies in eastern Carolina. Owning only
the purest and most aristocratic of the Bovine breeds, his dairy products are the last word in quality; and the famous
"Jeffreys Butter" is one thing that is sought after by every discriminating house-keeper in this city.
Mr. Jeffreys is also one of the owners of the Jeffreys-Ricks Clay Works, a concern that manufactures a famous
brick especially adapted for building and paving purposes, which is sold over North Carolina and adjoining states.
Other things, in addition, that contribute to the material and moral progress of the city and county have found in
Mr. Jeffreys a liberal patron and friend.
Mr Jeffreys' home life and his family are ideal, and no doubt account for much of the strength and integrity
that have been so conspicuous in his record in public office. He was married !n 1891 to Miss Dena Lyon, and their
union has proven a most happy and congenial one. They have five children, varying in age from six to eighteen,
all bright and spirited, showing the refinement and gentleness that must ever result from good lineage and proper
Mr. Jeffreys takes an active interest in Church work, and is one of the most prominent and influential members
of the First Methodist Episcopal Church of Rocky Mount.
W. L.GRO0M, Prest & Ge«»'l Moo
W T. KEETON.Vice Pbest
HOWARD E BAKER. Tne<*s
11. ANDERSON, SectV.
WE USE LUMBERMANS TELECODE
WE FURNISH ON SHORT NOTICE STAIR TRIM. PORCH TRIM
WINDOW FRAMES. DOOR FRAMES. SCREEN DOORS. AND
SCREEN WINDOWS. AND MANTELS
, n UFA ct URf b
(HA" of t fs
KILN DRIED FLOORING,
CEILING, SIDING AND MOULDINGS.
MOULDED BASE AND CASINGS
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
kiln DRfED NORTH CAROLINA PINZPOPLARfOAK.
DIRECT PROM STUMP TO THE MARKET.
^ocKy Mount, N.C,
THIS CUT SHOWS THE MANY BUILDINGS OF THE TAR RIVER LUMBER COMPANY.
TAR RIVER LUMBER CO.
ROCKY MOUNT'S MAMMOTH LUMBER PLANT.
Among the industries that have contributed to the upbuilding and progress of Rocky Mount and this Section,
the Tar River Lumber Company is easily one of the greatest and most potent. This company's plant is at present
one of the most complete and modernly equipped lumber plants in the South. It has a capacity of 40,000 feet in ten
hours, and by reason of the perfect arrangement of the buildings and machinery, together with a management that
for excellence of system and entire efficiency is scarcely equalled in the country, the plant is able to convert timber
into finished lumber at a minimum cost that absolutely guarantees its ready sale on the market at profitable prices.
The present plant of the Tar River Lumber Company is located just on the out-skirts of Rocky Mount, on the
Nashville branch of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. It consists of the latest improved band saw mill, the building
being 36X132 feet; a planing mill 72X132 feet, which includes a band resaw with a capacity of 50, 000 feet per day for
turning out flooring, ceiling, weather boarding and finished lumber of all kinds; a trim mill 48X144 feet, in which is
made inside and outside finish of high grade; brick dry kilns fire proof, and two modern power plants of 500 horse
power. The company has a railroad running from this mill in a northwesterly direction through Nash county, which
penetrates their timber properties and hauls the logs to the mill. As a matter of accommodation to the people who live
along the line, this railroad, while not a common carrier, has been hauling several thousand tons of fertilizer annually.
It is the purpose of Mr. Groom, the President and General Manager of the company, (and whatever he purposes to
do is pretty sure to be done) within the near future to convert this private railroad into a common carrier that will
carry both freight and passengers. The benefits that will accrue to the people of that section of Nash county traversed
by this railroad will be incalculable. The railroad will have one of the towns in the northwestern section of Nash
county as its objective point, and may be extended further to a connecting line.
The Tar River Lumber Company is perhaps the only lumber plant in the South that cuts the log from the stump
and handles it in its entirety through the different processes necessary to finish it up for all kinds of inside trim, in-
cluding grills, mantels, store fixtures of all descriptions, window and door frames, etc. Many of the finest stores
and residences in eastern North Carolina have been finished on the inside by this plant. The company owns a vast
amount of standing timber, sufficient to supply them with the raw material for several years, and also owns several
thousand acres of land in fee simple, and they are constantly adding to their holdings.
This company has a paid up capital of $300,000.00 on which it pays a substantial dividend just as regularly as the
years come and go.
History Of The Business.
In 1897, Messrs. W. L. Groom, J. H. Harris, Howard E. Baker and Abram McHenry formed a copartnership
to operate the old Tar River Lumber Company plant, with Mr. W. L. Groom as manager. The business was com-
paratively small at that time, but succeeded from the beginning, owing to the competency of the manager, Mr.
Groom, and to his thorough knowledge of the lumber business from the moment the timber is cut from the stump
MR. W. L. GROOM
President and General Manager.
until it has become a finished product. In 1902, Messers. Harris, Groom and Baker purchased the interest of Mr,
McHenry. The plant continued to grow and prosper until April 4th 1905 when it was totally destroyed by fire, the
loss being about $40,000, with insurance of $19,000. For a time, it was doubtful as to whether or not the company
would rebuild in Rocky Mount. It is needless to say that this was a matter that greatly concerned every loyal citizen
of the city, and there was much gratification when the company finally decided to rebuild here on even a larger and
more magnificient scale. The present site was then secured and the present mammoth plant constructed.
"The Master Hand."
The story of the success and growth of the Tar River Lumber Company is largely the story of the wonderful
experience and energy of one man. This man came to Rocky Mount, a stranger from the North, in 1896, and has
taught this section a new lesson in industrial achievement, and has organized a monster business by gathering up and
with a master hand, crystalizing into a great and beneficial industry, the ragged ends of what had hitherto been a
slipshod, nondescript business— he has taught and assisted the people of this section to utilize in the most productive
manner, their large timber holdings which had before been something of a burden rather than otherwise. Scores of
families now have abundant reason for gratitude to him for the means furnished them to clear from their homes the
incubus of mortgages that had been hanging over them for years. This man's name is William L. Groom, Presi-
dent and General Manager of the Tar River Lumber Company. Mr. Groom came to Rocky Mount in Feb. 1896,
and started this lumber business in one of the hardest years for the lumbermen since 1893. The conditions were
such that the banks would not discount commercial paper, no matter how good it might be considered in ordinary
times. This made it especially hard on the lumber business on account of the fact that, however fine the sales
might be, they did not count for much, owing to the fact that the paper taken in settlement could not be used at the
banks. It was a time of financial stringency and of business failures throughout the country. And yet, Mr. Groom
so managed his plant that it was not shut down for a single day for want of business. The utmost economy was
practised, Mr. Groom keeping his own books for two years, doing his book work at night from memoranda jotted
down during the day when he was performing a strong man's work, actually laboring as hard as any of his men. In
this way he kept things going, never failing in his confidence in the future of the business. Still, even his great
energy and close application could not have saved the business if he had not been thoroughly conversant with every
detail and with every necessary process involved in the converting of the standing timber into the finished product
and advantageously putting it on the market. Having had experience, and having worked himself up from the humb-
lest work in the lumber business, he was able to grasp every detail of the work and to give intelligent and forceful
supervision to every department.
The tide of adversity stemmed in that instance, ihe business went forward by leaps and bounds making money
for the stockholders, and enlarging its capacity and spreading its benefits. Then in 1907, came another crisis in
business affairs— the well remembered panic of 1907 thundering the wreck and crash of scores of old established bus-
inesses throughout the United States. Failures were almost daily occurrences and the shutting down of manufacturing
plants and the discharge of hundreds of employees was seen on every hand. All this was bound to affect the lumber
business very severely, for it is well known that when panics come, building and construction stop. Here in Rocky
Mount, hundreds of men were thrown out of employment; but it is a notable fact that not one day did the plant of
the Tar River Lumber Company stand idle, and not one man was discharged, except for his own negligence. Again,
Mr. Groom was sitting steady in the boat. He recognized the condition of the large number of men and their fam-
ilies who were depending on him for their support, and he was determined that as long as the mills could run without
too much loss to his stockholders, who had their money invested, that none of his men should lose a day's work. It
is not a matter of wonder therefore, that labor troubles, insubordination and shiftlessness are practically unknown at
the plant of the Tar River Lumber Company, and that loyalty to Mr. Groom and the company is deep-seated in their
To further show the development of this staple concern, we will go back to 1904, when Mr. Groom decided to
again enlarge his business and bought over a big lumber plant in Onslow county, carrying with it immense tracts of
land and timber. Mr. Groom purchased this property as Trustee for himself and others, and incorporated it under
the name of The Swansboro Land and Lumber Company, with a paid up capital of $150,000.00. The operation of
this plant has been very successful, Mr. T. H. Pritchard being the local manager, but Mr. Groom exercising in his
own way, a supervision that takes account of even the smallest details. The lumber is shipped from the Swansboro
plant both by water and rail. Gasoline tugs are provided for towing purposes, and the plant owns and operates a
standard-gauge railroad, fourteen miles long. The mill has every modern improvement and has a supply at present
of seventy five million feet of timber. Mr. Groom is also interested in some other large propositions which are yet
in their first stages of development.
The birthplace of Mr. Groom is at Big Flats, Chemung County, New York, ten miles from the city of Elmira,
and the year of his birth was 1861. His father before him was in the lumber business, Mr. Groom taking on the
responsibility of the success of his father's business at the early age of seventeen years, being very successful from
the beginning. He was educated in the free schools of New York and completed a commercial course in Allen's
Business College in New York in 1881. At the age of twenty three years, in Feb. 1886, Mr. Groom commenced to
learn the finishing part of the lumber business by striking out for himself. He began in the planing mill business as
stationary engineer. He was promoted in five weeks to the position of inspector and buyer of lumber where he re-
mained for two years. He was then made superintendent of the planing mill and wholesale shipping department.
Resigning this position in 1889, he went with a larger concern, the Harris-McHenry Company with whom he re-
mained until seven years later when he came to Rocky Mount and established the Tar River Lumber Company.
Mr. Groom's career in Rocky Mount has been one long record of unbroken growth in usefulness, influence,
popularity and success. It is not too much to say that there are few if any men in Rocky Mount who are held in
The citizens elected Mr. Groom a member of the Board of Aldermen, where he served four worthful years and
where he would probably be yet if he had not resigned, owing to the pressure of his large business affairs. Mr.
Groom is a member of the Board of Trustees of the First Presbyterian Church of Rocky Mount and one of its most
influential members. The work of his head and heart has been seen in the establishment of Sunday Schools and in
other Missionary work where it was most needed. He is also a member of the Board of Trustees of the Masonic
Temple, and is a Royal Arch Mason, as well as a prominent member of the Pythian Fraternity, and of the Board of
Directors of the Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce.
One of the main elements perhaps in the remarkable success that Mr. Groom has achieved has been this fact
(which those who are starting in business would do well to note particularly,) as he has acquired more and more
power and position, he has never for one moment let up in the dominating industry and energy which have been
such conspicuous features of his business career. If there is any difference, he works harder now than when he
first came to Rocky Mount, recognizing that "eternal vigilance" is the price of continued business success as well as
The Tar River Lumber Company's business organization, perfected by Mr. Groom, is a wonder of thorough-
ness and efficiency. He receives daily reports from every department of the business. He is thus enabled to keep
complete tab on the whole organization, backing this up by frequent personal inspections, and at the close of each
day he can calculate to a nicety just what has been done.
Mr. Groom has a handsome and commodious residence at 226 Franklin Street, which was built from plans drawn
by Mr. and Mrs. Groom according to their own ideas. It is undoubtedly one of the best and most conveniently ar-
ranged homes in the city. Here Mr. Groom dispenses unstinted hospitailty to his host of friends. A picture of the
Groom residence appears on another page of this book.
Altogether, it might well be said, that Mr. Groom measures up fully to that quality of man who in the words of
the poet, is necessary to fitly "constitute a State."
Rocky Mount is famed for
its beautiful and commodious
residences. It is truly a "city
of homes." The residence of
Mr. W. L. Groom here shown,
is a wonder in convenience and
comfort. The plans for the res-
idence were drawn by Mr. and
Mrs. Groom, themselves, car-
rying out their own ideas of a
Residence of Mr. W. L. Groom, 226 Franklin Street.
The Ricks Hotel,
Rocky Mount, N. C.
KOCKY MOUNT HOSIERY COMPANY
The Rocky Mount Hosiery Company was organized in 1904. Rocky Mount
business men wanted to start tome manufacturing industry that would pay a
profit and help the town by employing labor. A knitting mill was suggested.
The industry was investigated and the conclusion reached that it would pay if a
proper manager could be secured. Mr. Geo. T. Andrews was at that time suc-
cessfully operating a knitting mill at Enfield. He was induced to come to Rocky
Mount and accept the management of a mill here. The mill started to work in
March, 1905, under his management, in a commodious new brick building on the
Nashville branch of the Coast Line Railroad, with 80 machines, and complete dye-
MR. GEO. T ANDREWS
ing and finishing plant.
The fatory has since ad-
ded other machinery, and
now has 126 machines in
active operation. The ca-
pacity to start with was
350 dozen pair per day,
and it is now 600. Though not yet two years old, the plant has shown a very satisfactory profit. The quality of the
work is of an unusually high order and finds ready sale, in fact, the demand is greater than the capacity of the plant.
The success of the mill is due almost entirely to having secured a thoroughly competent superintendent. Mr. and
Mrs. Andrews moved to Rocky Mount in January, 1905, and make a valuable addition to the social life of the city.
ROCKY MOUNT TOBACCO MARKET
Brief Sketch of Its History— Tobacco Raising In Eastern Carolina.
ROCKY MOUNT TOBACCO BOARD OF TRADE
Bright tobacco has been raised in Eastern North Carolina for perhaps sixty years or more, and the ' 'oldest
inhabitant" can hardly recall the time when the weed was first planted in this section. Many, however, recall the
hotel was then changed to the name of The Alton, receiving this name as an honor to the only child (a son) of Mr.
and Mrs. T. L. Bland. The Alton was continued in operation under the ownership of Messrs. Ricks and Bland.
During the first year of the operation of The Ricks and Alton Hotels under the ownership of Messrs. Ricks and
Bland, The Cambridge, which had been renovated throughout, and made into what would be considered a really
modern hotel under ordinary circumstances for any city in the State of North Carolina, this hotel was operated under
the management of Mr. V. E. Porch. After this hotel had been conducted under such management for nearly a
year, it was purchased by Messrs. Ricks and Bland and used to assist mainly in the accommodation of guests that
overflowed The Ricks. ' ,,,,,,,,.
-About the time of the purchase of The Cambridge, Messrs. Ricks and Bland decided to lease the Hotel Louise,
at Washington, N. C. They spent a considerable outlay in renovating and refurnishing this hotel, which was even
then considered the leading hotel of that city. Mr. W. E. Porch, whose picture appears on these pages, had achieved
a fine reputation as a hotel man in Norfolk and other cities, and Messrs. Ricks and Bland realizing his ability as such,
placed him in charge of the hotel at Washington,
All of these ventures of Messrs. Ricks and Bland proved eminently successful, so much so that they recently de-
cided to invade the Capital city of our State and see what their ability as hotel men could accomplish in that loca-
tion. A proposition was made to them by the law firm of Messrs. Jones & Bailey, they offering to erect a modern
hotel building and lease same for a certain number of years to the firm of Ricks & Bland, the latter to furnish and
operate same. The erection of this hotel is going on at the present time and will be rushed to completion. It is ex-
pected to be finished and ready for the accommodation of the public sometime during the early Fall, certainly by the
time of the State Fair. A picture of this building as it will appear when finished is shown on these pages.
Elsewhere in this book appears a complete history of the life and accomplishments of the senior member of this
firm, Mr. R. H. Ricks, who has seemed to possess the happy faculty of discernment of ability in his fellow man, for
with hardly an exception, every man with whom he has associated in business has been successful.
In respect to Mr. T. L. Bland, when his natural opportunities and youthfulness are considered, his success is
truly remarkable. Any one having read of his accomplishments would naturally think it must have required a long
stretch of years to have acquired such success, but at the present writing Mr. Bland is only 28 years of age.
As we have previously stated in this article, Mr. Bland first saw the light on a farm. This seems to be a fortunate
circumstance for a man of natural ability, partly accounted for from a view point that healthful surroundings give a
man a strong body to support a strong mind, and also fires one with ambition to such an extent that a foothold hav-
ing been gained in a more thickly settled community, application is more constant and success generally more rapid.
ML laMllM^m^.. ' jmg
Not being satisfied with
work on the farm, after
receiving a business ed-
ucation in Kentucky, he
returned to the county
of Pitt (in which he was
born in 1882.) and in
July, 1903, was married
to Miss Queenie Mc-
Gowan, a woman of cul-
ture, beauty and strong
character, who has been
of great assistance to Mr.
Bland in his business
enterprises. They have
one child (a son) Alton,
six years old, for whom
the Alton was named, as
Mr. Bland came to
„, „ Rocky Mount and took
THE CAMBRIDGE HOTEL, Rocky Mount, N. C. charge of t h e Cuthrell
in May, 19CG. His subsequent success has been told above in this article, and needs
no elaboration, the plain statements of facts stand for themselves and are strong tes-
timony to his business ability. Before closing the description of Mr. Bland it should
be stated in justice to him that he has the happy faculty of making each and every
traveling man feel at home when he stops at a hotel conducted by him.
THE RICKS HOTEL.
The Ricks Hotel is a strictly modern four-story structure of stone and pressed brick, sp'.endly located on Man
THE LOUISE HOTEL,
Washington, N. C.
Street, next to the Coast Line station. It has 75 bedrooms, (all outside,) 40 rooms
having private bath; telephone (both local and long distance) in every room, and at
every table in the dining room. Its lobbies, parlors, and writing rooms are hand-
somely furnished; the spacious auditorium, billiard and pool rooms, barber shop
and pressing club, as well as soda fountain and drug store add much to the pleasure
and convenience of the guests. Has its own cold storage plant, and printery, and
is equipped with an electric elevator. This hotel is as near perfect as money and
thorough management can make it.
THE CAMBRIDGE HOTEL.
This hotel is second only to the Ricks in this section, and in point of service
and other respects is kept at the same high point of efficiency. It is three-stories,
has 42 rooms, thoroughly modern, telephone in each room, private baths in a large
portion of the rooms. The Cambridge is built of stone and pressed brick and is it-
self an imposing structure.
THE ALTON HOTEL.
The Alton has 22 rooms, with all modern accommodations, within a min-
MK. W. L. PORCH, u te's walk of the station, and as is the case with the above mentioned hotel, is al-
Mgr. Hotel Louise, Washington, N.C. ways well filled with guests.
THE LOUISE HOTEL, WASHINGTON, N. C.
This is an admirably constructed hotel, built of pressed brick. It is three stories, has 65 rooms, thoroughly
modern in its equipment and under the capable management of Mr. W. E. Porch. Washington has always been a
popular point with the traveling men, and since the administration of Messrs. Ricks & Bland, the Louise has been
headquarters there and patronage has greatly increased.
THE BLAND HOTEL, RALEIGH, N. C.
And now The BLAND! This is to be a five-story-up-to-date-in-every-detail, hostelry. Aside from the fact of
its being the best in the State when completed, it will vie with any in the South and will have eighty rooms.
MR. J. C BRASWELL'S RESIDENCE,
COUNTRY RESIDENCE OF
HON. R. H. RICKS.
HON. ROBERT H. RICKS, Soldier, Legislator, Financier.
The story of Leonidas and his Three Hundred Spartans at Thermopylae, and the tale of the last matchless charge
of the Old Guard at Waterloo, have numberless times thrilled the hearts of men who love bravery, loyalty and patri-
Leonidas and his Spartans, and the devoted and favorite troops of the Corsican "Man of Destiny" have long
since fallen on sleep in "the bivouac of the dead"; but Rocky Mount and North Carolina are yet blest in that they do
not yet have to dig in the ashes of the past for heroes to honor. A few of them, yearly growing pitifully fewer an
come US W£ may l0 ° k °" thCm 3nd h3Ve the St0ry 0f the priviIe S e ^ tell to fu?Sldren inthc ? years to
There live : in Rocky Mount today, two of the immortal Six who volunteered to charge the house at RethH in
which charge the life of Henry Wyatt, one of the Six, was offered up as the first red sacrifice on the altar of the
Southern Confederacy. These living heroes are John H. Thorpe and Robert H R cks the subject of this sketch
the only other survivor being R. H Bradley, Marshal of the Supreme Court of North Carolina '
The story of he life of Robert H. Ricks is an epic that brings pride to every North Carolinian Not less re
nowned in peace than m war he has come to fill perhaps a larger place in the industrial affair" o "this cut and sec"
t.on than any other individual He is at present, President of The Rocky Mount Mills the largest m£uSSiiri5i«
concern m the city, Vice-President and Director and one of the lareest stockholders in ThJ . R«nt of i£ " m * g
^^ffin^^l institution, Vice-President of ftefi^^ffx^^MflJiSSd^t of°f he Ig&y
Mount Ice & Fuel Co., President of the Enfield Hosiery Mills member of the firm nf \}\rV* I ri" a I V
^fftnt hotels in Rocky Mount, one in Washington, and have one now in course STS?
e.gh that will be without a peer in the Capital City, member of the firm of Thorpe & Ricks among the latest teif
tobacco dealers in Eastern North Carolina, member of the firm of H. E. Brewer & Co one oFthe citv's largest re
lli a n d S ?S y f t0reS ; 3nd ? art ■ 0W K 1 ? er u 0f the J effre ys-Ricks Clay Works, large brick manufacturers Mr Ricks is
te2£^StiffiXS£g&?' md " intereSt£d -umerousotherthings of „S?„f cAuSS ffi
SS5SS ^Sy-an^ril^f^w^ 1 """ ^^ the beSt f " * e ^ a " d Ss »- t
Volunteering in the famous "Bethel Regiment" at the first bugle-call to battle in 1861 sharing with Wvatt and l
his comrades the first honors of the war, the breast of Robert H. Ricks was bared to he enemy"! bullets hundreds
ttr mSShSm °A h l bel °ved Southland. And when the Star of the Confederacy had Ely se : £ agony and
fighting. "'"d the bloody horizon at Appomattox, Robert H. Ricks and his famous ''Manley's Battery" were st"ll
For this man NEVER SURRENDERED!
During the last fighting around Appomattox, having charged further ahead than had been anticipated, Mr. Ricks'
SCENE OF R. H. RICK'S FARM.
;ommand in some way became cut off from the main body of Southern troops (here they delivered their last artillery
ire of the war, having an opportunity to fire point-blank in the face of Sheridan's charging cavalry, and did terrible
execution. Henry Biggs, uncle of the present Judge J. Crawford Biggs, was killed in the fight); and when the last
lope was gone, and it became known to them that their beloved "Marse Roberf'had at last become enveloped in the
reat mass of attacking hosts and had yielded to the inevitable, Mr. Ricks with two other kindred spirits "took to the
nountains", determined that as they had followed the Stars and Bars four years without yielding, at that late day
heir arms should not be stricken at Federal command. For fourteen days, Mr. Ricks, on foot and after a time having
become separated from his companions, traversed the woods and mountains, keeping under cover and living as best
le could. He crossed the Dan River at Leaksville, and finally arrived at home in Nash county, footsore and weary,
Dut still unconquered and under no oath or parole. Thus was demonstrated, the same indomitable spirit and courage
hat have meant so much since the war in this man's efforts to build up his wasted and impoverished South.
We write it here in plain words, but it should be written in letters of gold, that not once in those four ensanguined
»rears of the bloodiest war known to history, did Mr. Ricks' battery ever retreat from a charge in front. Twenty-one
;harges were sustained at Spottsylvania Court House; at Cold Harbor, the wheels of the gun Mr. Ricks was operat-
ng were actually shot down with minie balls, so completely that new wheels had to be put on before the gun could
3e moved, the only instance of the kind on record, and Mr. Ricks himself was struck five times in this one fight; yet
his battery never retreated from a front attack and he never surrendered. History, ancient or modern cannot furn-
ish a more glorious record. Belonging to the same battery, were Thomas Rolac, afterward a United States Judge
in Alabama, William Jones, for years Mayor of Petersburg, Va., Ex-Sheriff Atkinson of Johnston county and other
men whose valiant conduct on hard-fought fields furnished a forecast of their subsequent achievements.
"And since that dark day in the Spring-Time,
, "When a nation's sun went down,"
Mr. Ricks like his suffering mater dolorosa, Carolina, has just as bravely, and with the same sublime fortitude
taken up the more harassing battle of Peace, and has wrought a great man's work in helping to raise from the
ashes of ruined homes and fortunes, a new and beautiful commonwealth, infinitely stronger and richer in material
wealth and prosperity, but withal, holding fast to the honor and high ideals of our fathers. Returning as stated
above, after the Surrender," heartsick, but strong and unafraid, young Ricks went back to work with an old bach-
elor named Wells, with whom he had lived before the war, and now began again at the princely (?) salary of $10 per
month and keep". Those were hard days, but young Ricks saved his money. When he had accumulated $300
(his salary having been raised in the meantime) he made his first investment in stock of the old Wilmington & Weldon
Railroad, now a part of the Atlantic Coast Line system. This proved a fortunate investment, showing even that
early the sound business judgment of the young investor, and on a later sale, netted him $600 profit Mr Wells
soon after died leaving young Ricks additional stock in this railroad, which he sold for $1600 In 187J Mr Ricks
came to Rocky Mount and built a house on Church Street, hauling in the timber himself at night from the country
He sold this house at a profit of $300, and for some time, continued to build houses and sell them. From this period
his rise financially has been substantially rapid. Today he is Rocky Mount's and this section's wealthiest citizen It
has seemed that he has had only to connect himself with a business to render it very successful. This of course has
been due to executive ability, unerring judgment of men, and to the high standard and just methods of all his com-
mercial dealings. He has been "square" to his fellow man, and his fellow man has known he could trust him
hver a busy man and much occupied with his large and varied business interests, Mr. Ricks has yet made sacri-
fices and found time to serve his county and state to their great satisfaction and profit in a number of public stations
1 he people have been delighted to honor him, and never has this failed of the utmost warrant in his case He was
tor tour years on the Board of Commissioners of Nash county; a member of the North Carolina House of Repre-
sentatives in 1903: State Senator from Nash in 1905; a member of the Board of Education for four years and its
chairman; member of the Board of Directors of the State Penitentiary; and member of the Board of Trustees of the
PRIMING TOBACCO TO GO IN BARN FOR CUR1NG-R. H. RICKS FARM.
North Carolina Agricultural and Mechanical College. In each of these capacities, Mr. Ricks has served with honor
to himself and with signal credit to the public.
PREPARING TOBACCO FOR CURING AT R. H. RICKS FARM.
The poor and the needy, as well as deserving men struggling under difficulties, have found in Mr Ricks a wise
counsellor and a friend whose hand was open. At one time, when the Rocky Mount Graded Schools were in tem-
porary straits, Mr. Ricks contributed $800. from his own pocket to meet their pressing needs. This is but one
instance of many where he has come to the rescue of deserving men and things when they were hard pressed
As a planter, Mr. Ricks has for years been blazing the way for better and more scientific farming methods and
cultivation, and consequently more remunerative agriculture. He was the pioneer in this section in the growth and
culture of tobacco, which has since become such a great industry here. Here was illustrated the foresight and judg-
ment that have been such prominent characteristics of his business career. Mr. Ricks owns some 1600 acres of the
best-situated, most highly improved and most valuable farming lands in Nash county, besides his extensive real estate
holdings in the city of Rocky Mount. His large plantation, five miles from the city, and his modern and intensive
farming methods, and machinery, are a model for the farmers of this section. His plantation home is a gem, from
standpoints of beauty, convenience and architecture. The broad and beautiful grounds surrounding his home were
laid out by an expert landscape artist, and constitute one of the loveliest views in the county. Stately oaks and sweet
magnolias add to the beauty of the surroundings.
LOAD TOBACCO LEAVES- R. H. RICKS FARM.
COW BARN AND SILO- RICKS FARM.
On this plantation, cotton, tobacco, corn and grasses reach their highest state of cultivation and production. Mr.
Ricks has the gift of maintaining an ideal state of efficiency and order among his tenants. Perhaps his unquestioned
justice, and his consideration for their needs and comfort, account in a measure for this. His tenant houses are well
built and commodious, and are all painted and well-cared for. Every facility is at hand for the cultivation and hand-
ling of the crops through every stage and process, and the use of machinery wherever possible is the rule.
Mr. Ricks was married in 1874, to Miss Tempie Thome, of the prominent family of that name, and their union
has been a notably congenial and happy one. They have no children; but the children of others, not so well provid-
ed with this world's goods, have many times had reason to bless their goodness and liberality in the furnishing of
means for education, etc.
As a banker, manufacturer, industrial captain and capitalist, the people of Rocky Mount respect and love Robert
H. Ricks, for his rectitude, great ability, absolute justice and generosity; but it is as the young soldier of the South,
his heart fired with iove of his state and with the daring and fortitude of his nature, that he is still dearer to them— the
boy in homespun charging the house with his martyr comrade Wyatt at Bethel, and fleeing to the mountains rather
than taste bitter surrender in the last sad hours of the conflict. A tie that links us with the loved Past and with the
shades of those who died for the Lost Cause on a hundred battlefields, the living incarnation of the tremendous force
that has resulted from the mingling and fusion of the honor and courage of the Old South, with the progress and in-
dustrial spirit of the New—
So, here we present him to you, "My Lords and Gentlemen," our First Citizen,, Senator-Soldier-Industrial
Captain, and Master Builder; but above all, the type of which "Nature can stand up and say before all the world:
'This is a MAN.' "
details of the insurance business. She is a member of one of the foremost families in this section and is universally
Mr. Paul Gorham, who has entire control of the rental department, also comes of one of the pioneer families of
this section. He has been with the firm for several years and his success in the able management of his depart-
ment of the business has proven his ability.
Mr. Jacob Battle, Jr., who recently accepted a position as book-keeper, is one of the most competent in the city.
He has held several important similar positions and was secured by this firm upon its becoming general agents of The
Underwriters Fire Insurance Co. of Rocky Mount. He is a son of Judge Jacob Battle and one of the family of that
name which has achieved such prominence and acquired many honors in the history of the State.
Mr. W. S. Wilkinson is the general agent of the Maryland Life Insurance Co., of Baltimore for Eastern Carolina
and has placed a large amount of business for that company.
MR. THOMAS H. BATTLES RESIDENCE.
their share to the prosperity above outlined, being the mainstay ot the country and rendering the era ot prosperity
possible and to them should be given more than a liberal share of credit. Unfortunately the seasons have been
noor for the past few years and the crops have been worse than poor, and the farmer has suffered thereby, and some
§f them have become discouraged; but to the intelligent, who study the signs of the times, a brighter day is in store
for the tobacco raiser The trade conditions are better than ever before. The large companies are invading China,
Japan Corea and other countries, where the opium habit has enthralled the masses for centuries and are now sup-
Wanting : that deadly curse with the cigarette, and the pipe, filled with fragrant North Carolina tobacco and are eman-
dpSthose people from the slavery that has held them bound for years, and are doing beneficial work, paving
Se way for a more enlightened civilization.. The leaf tobacco dealers are extending heir trade and finding new
outlets for tobacco all the time, while independent manufacturers are multiplying rapidly on all sides. Thus the con-
sumption of tobacco is rapidly increasing while the production is scarcely keeping pace With same. Then too .with
the new methods of fertilization, as taught by the government experts, improved fertilizers being used he quality of
he leaf will doubtless be improved also, and command a larger price-one that is remunerative, and it would be un-
wise for the farmer to abandon the production of tobacco just when the time is a hand when he can reap the : ull re-
ward of his labor. It is a wise farmer that does not put all his eggs in one basket, but diversifies his crop, Panting
only so much as he can well care for and give the proper cultivation to same. Cotton is selling high now but who
knows when it will reach the low level of 1901-2 when it sold for 4 to 5c. and tobacco was selling at 10 to 12c. and but
for Tat staple the whole country might have been bankrupt. So let's diversify the crops, ra.se some cotton some
nenniits and some tobacco and if we fail on one crop we may hit it on another and thus continue the tide of pros-
Serrtv thatis sweeping o?er our fair land We have the best land and the best people on earth and with the proper
efforts put forth, all working together in a spirit of unanimity, employing the best and most scientific methods, ws
can make this section of the country blossom like the rose.
THE PL ANTER S BANK
The Leading Financial Institution of Rocky Mount, and Nash
and Edgecombe Counties— Has the Largest Resources
The banks of a city usually furnish an unfailing barometer by which to judge of its progressiveness and worth.
If the banks are in full sympathy with every progressive movement, backing them up when consistent, with an eye
, always to helping forward the small business that is deserving, as well as the larger
ones, the effect of such a policy is felt in the quickening of business in every channel
of trade; and the city having such banks is bound to be a live and growing one.
THE PLANTERS BANK OF ROCKY MOUNT was born in the progressive
spirit, and of men who typify the liberal and aggressive policy above outlined. In
every movement for the upbuilding of the city and county since the organization of
this bank, its officers, directors and stockholders have been leaders, and the support
of this strong institution has been a chief reliance.
The men behind this bank, from its president on down, are men who have per-
formed a large share in making the city and community what they are today and the
large interests of these men are all centered here.
THE PLANTERS BANK was organized in 1899, to meet the demand for greater
and more ample banking facilities brought about by the rapid growth of the city, and
to foster and encourage new industries. It has been the uni'crm policy of the bank
officials, as well as their pleasure, to encourage small deposi':;rs, liberally uphold them
when deserving, and extend them every courtesy which the larger depositors receive.
The result of this policy can be plainly seen in the great popularity and strength of
this bank among the smaller businesses and among the farmers of this section, as well as among the business concerns
of larger capital and greater scope. In fact, the consideration with which this bank treats its customers, and the pleas-
PLANTERS BANK BUILDING
, . J,II . ..111.. III.
J. W. AYCOCK,
W. W. AVERA,
ant manner in which all business done with them is transacted has become axiomatic, the customers feeling that in
the bank officials, they have friends and valuable business advisers as well as bankers
A bank conducted along these lines was bound to become a tremendous force in the community and the follow-
ing comparative statement will furnish some idea of the rapid and substantial growth in capital, deposits and resources,
of this popular institution.
COMPARATIVE ST A 1 hMblN 1
Capital Surplus and Profits Deposits Resources
Jan. 1, 1904
Jan. 1, 1905
Jan. 1, 1906
Jan. 1, 1910
Jan. 1, 1911
Richmond, are its correspondents. e . , a . ,. „„_
The Board of Directors is an especially fine one, every name on it standing for honor, financial strength cour-
tesy, care, and efficiency. The following stockholders are members of the Board of Directors: M C. braswell
(merchant, planter and capitalist, Battleboro, N. C.) H. B. Bryan Planter, Bat eboro, N. C.) Geo. S. Edwards
head ofG S. Edwards & Co. Wholesale Grocers of Rocky Mount) M. R Braswell (Physician retired and plante.)
J. R. Sorsby (head of Standard Hardware Co.) J. C. Braswell (President) Jno.M. Sherrod (Planter: Whitakers, N.
C and Vice-President) W. H. Newell (General Supt. A. C. L. Railroad Co.,) W. T. Wilhford (Merchant) W. S.
Wilkinson (of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co.) H. B. Marriott (Physician of Battleboro.)
The above names are a guarantee which no man can gainsay, and the sufficiency of which almost every citizen
of Rocky Mount and this section fully knows that the affairs of this bank must be conducted with the greatest meas-
ure of care, ability and integrity known to the business of banking.
THE GUIDING HAND.
An army, no matter of how brave and valiant individual units it might be composed, would fail in battle without a
great and resourceful commander. And also, the policy, and success of any business of consequence must reflect in
a great measure, the qualities of the guiding and directing force. No institution like THE PLANTERS BANK
could have been created and built to its present magnificent potentiality in the business life of Rocky Mount, without
an industrial captain at its head that combined in his character, the elements of splendid ability, unquestionable in-
tegrity, and a natural capacity for leadership of men. James C. Braswell, the President of The Planters Eank, has
all these and more. His training has been ideal, and a great business ability and fine sense of honor, were his, by
inheritance. His father, "Squire" T. P. Braswell, was for two score years, one of the most influential, most re-
spected and best loved men in this part of the state.
From his early youth Mr. J. C. Braswell has been one of the towering forces for good and for progress in Rocky
Mount, lending his support to every worthy cause and frequently leading where a high order of courage has been
required. He is President of The Planters Bank, President and Treasurer of The Rocky Mount Sash & Blind Co.,
one of our largest manufacturing enterprises; of Braswell & Levy, among the largest leaf tobacco dealers in North
Carolina; President of The Rocky Mount Hosiery Mills; President of The Marygold Heights Land Co.; Secretary
of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co., leading insurance agents and real estate dealers; Treasurer of the Underwriters Fire
Insurance Company of Rocky Mount; Vice-President of The Rocky Mount Savings & Trust Co.; and President of
The Citizens Building & Loan Association, which is performing such a fine service in making Rocky Mount a city of
home-owners. His high standing in banking circles is shown by the fact that he is First Vice-President of The North
Carolina Bankers Association, a post of honor to which none but the state's soundest and ablest financiers are ever
One would think it difficult for a man carrying such extensive and varied business responsibilities, to find any
time for public duties beyond those of a private citizen. And it speaks volumes for the apparently unlimited capacity
of this man, that he has found time to wield one of the largest influences for clean and economical municipal govern-
ment in Rocky Mount for twenty years past. For 17 years consecutively, Mr. Braswell has been a member of the
Board of Aldefmen, and one of the controlling forces in that body. He is now Chairman of the Finance Committee,
which has in charge all the city's financial affairs. He is also one of the most influential members and supporters of
the Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce, and was its first President.
The power and capacity of such a man actively enlisted as Mr. Braswell has always been in the forces of Weal
and Progress, is incalculable; and adding to this the fact that with his business and other connections, he commands
almost unlimited resources, speaking in a local sense, it can readily be seen to what extent the city must ever remain
It should be said too, in this connection, that as Mr. Braswell and his associates have to a large degree, all been
"the architects of their own fortunes," some of them coming up under very adverse circumstances, those honestly
struggling to rise, have always found in him, a sane and friendly adviser, and one who does not hesitate to extend
a helping hand in time of need.
Mr. Braswell is a large owner of Rocky Mount real estate and of farming lands. His home on North Church
St., is one of the handsomest in this part of the state.
Mr. Braswell was married about ten years ago, to Miss Grizzelle Burton, the charming and accomplished daugh-
ter of Mr. R. C. Burton. Three children, two boys, Jas. Craig, Jr., and Robert Russell, both fine and intelligent
young fellows, and one charming little girl, Lillian, have blessed the home life of Mr. and Mrs. Braswell.
Mr. Braswell was born in 1868, and therefore is now only 43 years of age — scarcely yet in the full maturity of
THE VICE PRESIDENT.
The Vice-President of The Planters Bank, Mr. John M. Sherrod, is a man "you can tie to"— a businessman of
sound worth, who has been successful to a very gratifying degree. His name and character stand for integrity.
Mr. Sherrod is one of the largest land-owners in Edgecom'be County, and one of its wealthiest citizens. With the
large resources, he has scores of time extended his hand with financial assistance to those in need, and scores have
cause to bless his liberality and generous nature.
The cashier of The Planters Bank is Mr. John W. Aycock, and it would be hard to find in all North Carolina, a
man better fitted for the responsible duties of the position.
Mr. Aycock was born Oct. 4th, 1872 on a farm in Wilson Co., N. C. His father early moved to Johnston Co.,
and there Mr. Aycock was reared on the farm, developing that self-reliance, and sense of responsibility which many
sav is hard to acquire elsewhere. Mr. Aycock attended school and held a number of minor positions up to 1892
when he went to Gddsboro as bookkeeper for B. M. Privett & Co., Wholesale Grocers. While with this firm, the
Shier of The Bank of Wayne, noting the strict business habits and fine ability of the young man, (who was practi-
cally a stranger to him) offered him a position as asst. bookkeeper in the bank Mr. Aycock accepted and as has
always been his record "made good.'' This was Jan. 1, 1894. In August 1900 Mr. Aycock was elected Assistant
Sr o = The Bank of Wayne and held that position with great satisfaction to the bank until April 1, 1905 when he
resigned to accept the responsible and lucrative office of State Bank Examiner or North Carolina. Mr. Aycock s
services o the state were eminently satisfactory, but he resigned; and went back in the banking business in 1906 or-
ganizing and I launching a new bank, The National Bank of Greenville, N C and being elected its ; Cashier In less
than a year, this bank under Mr. Aycock's administration had grown until its deposits were above $125,000.00, a fine
record for the first year. . .
In Oct. 1907, Mr. Aycock was elected Cashier of The Planters Bank of Rocky Mount, and accepted, resigning
his position with 'the Greenville bank, and coming to Rocky Mount.
Since his coming to this city, Mr. Aycock's influence has steadily been growing, and he is today, not only one
of the mos t popular bank officials in Rocky Mount, but a highly valued and very useful citizen. He is a director of
The Rocky Mount Savings & Trust Co., a stockholder in the Rocky Mount Hos.ery Mills, and a Director and,
Secretary & Treasurer of The Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce.
Mr. Aycock was married in Dec. 1903, to Miss Kate Darden, charming daughter of the late Capt. W. A.
Darden of Greene County.
THE ASSISTANT CASHIER.
The assistant cashier of The Planters Bank is Mr. William Whitehead Avera a native Nash County boy, and
one of the most popular and most respected of the younger business element of the city. Mr. Avera was born in
Rocky Mount Dec 12, 1877 and was educated at Oak Ridge Institute. His first business experience was as book-
keeper for The Tar River Lumber Co. At the organization of The Planters Bank ,n 1899 the stockholders recog-
nizing his fine character and business capacity, elected him bookkeeper, in which position he served most acceptably
for 3 years, and was then promoted to the position of Assistant Cashier.
He resigned in 1904 to go into the mercantile business. However he came to recognize that banking was his
proper vocation, and in April 1910, on the resignation of Mr. C. V. Brown to be Asst. State Bank Examiner, Mr.
Avera was again elected, and accepted the position of Asst. Cashier of The Planters Bank. Mr. Avera is efficient,
and courteous, and possesses the full confidence of the public. The future should be bright for him. He married
Miss Kate Rawlings, daughter of Mr. F. M. Rawlings, of Battleboro. Mrs. Avera died in Feb. 1907.
Mr. Peter B. Doub, the bank's bookkeeper, is a young man of fine parts, who is competently and satisfactorily
filling a position that requires great accuracy and fine ability. Mr. Doub is a native of Lee County and is 20 years
Mr. Sam T. Mallison the bank's collector, it is safe to say, has not a superior in town in his work, which really
calls for a high order of courtesy, diplomacy and business ability. He is always courteous, and while looking closely
after the bank's interests, he yet has the tact and gift of maintaining the most pleasant relations with the people with
whom he comes in contact.
In fact, as has been stated it has become an axiom with this bank and its employees, that no matter what sort or
class of business is to be transacted, the utmost courtesy and consideration on the part of the bank must obtain and
And so admirably have the officials and employees of this institution been selected, that the practice of this rule
is not only not a burden, but is a pleasant privilege. Appreciation of business is not only felt, but is shown in all
their dealings with the public.
THE BANK BUILDING.
This article should not be closed without a word about the elegant building which The Planters Bank owns and
in which it does business.
The bank building is a massive 3-story structure of pressed brick and granite. Architecturally, it is of very
handsome design and appearance, and is thoroughly modern in its appointments and conveniences. It fronts 40 feet
on Main St.; running west on Sunset Avenue 110 feet to Howard St.; fronting 40 ft. on Howard St. That part of
the building on Howard St., and Sunset Ave., is occupied on the first floor by Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co., and the
Underwriters Fire Insurance Co., the second floor by offices, and the third floor by fraternal organizations. The
banking rooms on Main St., and Sunset Ave., are large and commodious and handsomely finished, in all respects fit
quarters for this strong and leading financial institution.
NASH COUNTY PUBLIC SCHOOLS. (As of March I, 1911.)
By ROBERT E. RANSON, County Superintendent of Schools.
It will be the purpose of this article to give some information in regard to the school system of Nash county.
Frequently questions are asked concerning the number of schools, number of children, and about other matters of
concern to those who have an interest in the welfare of Nash County. It will be our purpose to answer briefly
questions It is felt that the people should have as full and accurate information about their schools as it is possible
to give Unfortunately this writer hasn't at hand statistics showing a history of the growth of the school system in
Nash County but he is persuaded that the record of growth has been most remarkable, and he has been told that
wonderful improvements in school circles have taken place within the past ten (10) years. Some of the figures are
for the year 1909-1910, as the final reports for the present school year have not been sent in. Again the totals with
the exception of the Census reports, do not include the schools of Rocky Mount, Spring Hope, and Sharpsburg, as
these schools operate under special charters.
According to the Census reports there are 6197 white school children m the county and 4199 colored children,
making a total of 10396. In Rocky Mount, there are 745 white children and 514 colored on the Nash side; in Sharps-
burg 54 whites and 50 colored, and in Spring Hope there are 319 whites and 405 colored. In Nash County outside
of the school districts operating under special charters there are 5079 white children and 3229 colored children.
During this school year, 52 schools with 88 teachers are being taught for the white children. 32 of these are one-
teacher schools. In the number of teachers, all the teachers at Whitakers (4) and at Battleboro (4 are c ° u . n , ted '
although the children on the Edgecombe side are not given in the Census report. For the 3229 colored children
there are 38 schools with 39 teachers. Last year $16654.10 was paid to white teachers and $3857.12 to colored
teachers This year the amount to white teachers will be a fraction more, while the amount lo colored teachers will
be a little less These figures do not include the amounts paid teachers in the schools operating under special charters
nor to the teachers in the Battleboro and Whitakers schools. The financial report made by the Co. Supt in July of
last year showed that the total school fund for the year 1909-1910 was $44306.29. Of this amount $4742 57 was a
balance on hand June 30, 1909; $21689.46 county school fund; $2390.96, fines, etc ; sale of property $298.68; exami-
nation of teachers $180; insurance $1750; total county funds not including balance $26313 23. The total local tax fund
was $7671 31 The total received from the State last year was $4725.43, this including $2500 loan fund and $500 tor
high schools. The total fund was increased by private donations of $85 for libraries and $768 1.75 for buildings.
$39945.42 of the above amount was expended, leaving on hand July 1 1910 a balance of $4360.87. $215.26.60 was
Spent for teachers and superintendent; $9404.42 was spent for buildings and supplies; $1552.01 was paid for adminis-
tration, this including $755.16 for county treasurer; mileage and per diem of county board, charges for taking census,
holding elections, etc., $802.92 represents the borrowed money repaid; $2375. 1 1 was transferred to public high school
fund, and $4284.36 was paid to the schools operating under special charters. The teachers of the high schools were
paid from the amount transferred to the high school fund, and the salaries of the high school teachers are not included
in the amount given above for white teachers.
The special tax for this year will be $9559.12 and the general county tax will amount to $22473.21. These are
the amounts after all errors, insolvents and the sheriff's commissions have been deducted. It is impossible to tell at
this time what the other funds will amount to, as this will not be known until the end of school year.
There are twenty-two local tax districts in the county, seven having been established during the past year, add-
ing nearly $2,000 to the local tax fund. There are thirty-three rural libraries, eleven of these having been established
within the past two years. There are fifty-one white school houses with an estimated value of $39,200 and thirty-
seven colored school houses valued at $6,470, making a total of $46,170, forty-six of the white schools and four of
the colored schools are reported as equipped with Datent desks. At Mt. Pleasant and Red Oak High Schools hand-
Some dormitories were built last year. These, with the furniture, are worth fully $6,000. Free tuition is given all
high school pupils of the county at these schools. Board is given at cost. Free tuition is also given high school
pupils at the whitakers school, which is also one of the State high schools.
Of the 6, 197 white children of the county 3,389 live in districts where the term has been extended by local tax.
During the school year 1909-10, more than $1,600 was expended in the various districts, not local tax districts, for
extending the school term. $1,521.75 was raised by the teachers and pupils of the county for Betterment Work.
The money was expended in painting school houses, in buying pictures, teacher's desks and chairs, window shades,
and other things that make school houses more attractive. This year at the suggestion of the county superintendent
prizes of $25 have been offered to the two schools raising the most money for Betterment Work. One prize will go
to the school having a census of more than 100 and the other to the school having a census of less than 100.
ROCKY MOUNT SASH AND BLIND COMPANY.
This company is one of the most successful manufacturing enterprises in the city, and one of the best managed.
The high grade of work done has created for this plant, a wide and very desirable market for its product. Among
the different products turned out are Sash, Doors, Blinds, Mouldings, Mantels and Turned Work. Everything re-
quired in a building of wood can be furnished by this plant. A full line of glass, in every size that can be desired, is
also carried. The reputa-
tion for making the best
gradeof furnishings in their
line, has been steadily built
up by the most rigid inspec-
tion of every article turned
out, only the most expert
labor being used, and
honest and conscientious
filling of every order. The
fine inside work in many
of the handsomest Rocky
Mount residencesand other
>uildings and indeed all
over Eastern North Car-
olina and elsewhere, testify
to the high quality of the
products of this plant.
This company has ample
capital behind it and is
therefore never at a loss
for any funds necessary for
improvements and enlargement. Its president, Mr. J. C. Braswell, is one of the great industrial and financial lead-
ers of this section. The active manner is Mr. J. C. Wynne, a man with long experience in the business and most
admirably equipped in the way of ability and managerial capacity for his important and responsible duties.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
Rocky Mount's growth has been unprecedented, but no more marked than one of its most progressive
institutions, the First National Bank, and the only national
bank doing business in Rocky Mount. The bank receiv-
ed its charter from the national government in 1904, and
began business on the morning of Aug. 16th, that year,
since which time it has grown in strength and usefulness.
Its directors are R. D. Bulluck, P. C. Shore, Gaston
G. Levy, T. T. Thorne, W. H. Home, Geo. L. Wimber-
ly, Jr., Sidney P. Hilliard and Jos. B. Ramsey, business
men in whose judgment and integrity the people of Rocky
Mount have full confidence.
Under the national banking system, it is the duty of
these directors to meet once each month and direct the af-
fairs of the institution, and they perform that duty with
unfailing regularity. The strong arm of the government
requires that each national bank be conducted on a high
plane and in such a manner as to safe-guard the funds of
the bank and to further the financial interests of its deposi-
tors. The conservative, liberal and independent policy of
the First National Bank has made it a principal factor in
the financial life of this community.
The first home of the bank was in the Tillery Building,
on North Main Street, but recently it has established new
quarters in the handsome Shore Building, corner Tarboro
and Washington Streets, so that its present bank : ng rooms
compare favorably with any in Eastern North Carolina.
Among the stockholders of the bank are many of the
first citizens cf Nash and Edgecombe Counties, in which
HOME OF FIRST NATIONAL BANK
two counties the city of Rocky Mount is situated. The stock of the bank is so weii
a representative body, that the bank's policy is assured to be a broad and liberal one
safe-guard the funds of the bank and then to serve the interests of the public in
every way possible.
By straightforward, liberal, progressive business methods and fair treatment
of its patrons, the First National Bank has taken strong hold on the affections and
confidence of the people, and its doors, during banking hours, are constantly kept
ajar by loyal men, women and children, who have become acquainted with its
Savings Department slogan "Safest for Savings".
The following comparisons give a true estimate of the bank's present condition
and it's progress:
Aug. 16, 1904 March 13. 1911
Loans and Discounts $ 20.00 $165,760.89
Surplus and Profits 60.00 5,473.30
Deposits 1,349.49 205,929.07
Resources 27,204.16 262,122.23
Those in need of the services of a sound banking institution are generally
more or less interested in the personnel of its active officers, as a legitimate busi-
ness is likely to succeed only under active, wise and prudent management. The
customers of the First National Bank have every assurance that its management is
second to none in this city.
The president, Mr. Jos. B. Ramsey, is among the first young men of Eastern
North Carolina. On both sides of honorable parentage, it is but natural that in the
son should be reflected the sturdy characteristics of the parents. His father was
the late beloved and lamented F. Y. Ramsey, who spent his entire life in this com-
munity, and was one of its leading citizens. His mother, Miss Lucy Bunn, of
Nash County, was a member of the prominent family of that name, and is remem-
bered for her lovely character and disposition. Mr. Ramsey was prepared for
college in the High School of Rocky Mount, and was graduated from the University
of North Carolina with distinction. He afterwards read law under the late Judge
scattered, and its directors such
Its officers have tried first, to
JOS. B. RAMSEY. President
James C. McRae, at the State University, from which he received his degree of Bachelor of Laws, and began the
practice of his profession in Rocky Mount. He enjoys a large and growing practice, and ranks high as an active
lawyer and banker. Few men at the age of twenty-nine have accomplished more
— mayor of the city, judge of the Recorder's Court and president of a leading bank,
and yet Mr. Ramsey wears his mantle without ostentation or conceit. He has al-
ways been a strong supporter toward any movement for the up-building and im-
provement of Rocky Mount, and has frequently urged upon those in authority the
need of public improvements. He is one of the city's most progressive citizens.
By training, temperament and natural ability, he is eminently qualified to fill the
position he holds.
Dr. Sidney P. Hilliard, Vice-President, is a large property owner in and out
of Rocky Mount, and is one of the best known and most accomplished dentists in
the State. A pupil for several years of the celebrated Richard B Winder, Dean of
the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, he has achieved not only business and
professional success, but has a most desirable clientele. When elected President
of the North Carolina Dental Society in 1889, he was the youngest member ever
so honored. He was a member of the State Dental Examining Board from 1893
to 1908, during which period of fifteen years he rendered valuable services to the
State and his profession. He lends strength to any enterprise with which he is
Dr. G. L. Wimberly, Vice-President of the First National Bank, is one of the
most substantial citizens of Rocky Mount. Enjoying a large practice, and having
invested wisely and prudently, he is regarded as one of the most prominent busi-
ness men of the city. His advice and counsel largely shapes the policy of the
bank and materially adds to its rapid advancement. He is the son of Mr. and
Mrs. G. L. Wimberley, two of Edgecombe County's most lovable citizens. Em-
braced in their long life of usefulness are many acts of charity and kindness.
Dr. Wimberley by marriage is most highly connected, having married Miss Mary
Bunn, daughter of Hon. and Mrs B. H. Bunn of Nash, the mention of whose r. b. davis. jr.. G«hi«
names is suggestive of the highest type of Southern honor and chivalry. Mrs. Wimberley, by her lovely di
tion and charming personality, adorns the home of the doctor and has greatly assisted him in reaching the
manding position he holds in the community.
The Bank's Cashier, Mr. R. B. Davis, Jr., is a native of New Hanover
County and a member of a distinguished family, on his mother's side largely identi-
fied with the early development of the Cape Fear Section. His father is a native
of Virginia and a prominent Confederate soldier, besides being a man of wide
learning and information Mr. Davis first began his business career in the em-
ploy of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company, at Wilmington, N. C, with
which Company he was associated when transferred to a more important position
at Rocky Mount. Soon after coming here, he forsaw the progress Rocky Mount
was destined to make and resigned his position to enter business for himself He
engaged in the insurance and real estate business and became a leader in the
insurance life of Rocky Mount. Mr. Davis afterwards accepted a position as
secretary and treasurer of the Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Company,
a corporation doing a very large business here, and still later became Special Agent
for the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company, of this city, from which position
he resigned to become cashier of the First National Bank. Mr. Davis has had
varied experience in the business world, and is unusually well qualified for his
present position. No man in this community is more highly esteemed, or enjoys
the confidence of the people to a greater extent. He is a member of the City
Board of Assessors, and is perhaps more familiar with local real estate values than
any man in the city. Patrons of the bank, and citizens generally, when in need of
information concerning property values, invariably seek his counsel. He is at
present President of the Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce and a member
of its directorate. No man in Rocky Mount has labored more faithfully and un-
selfishly for the growth of the city than he, and his efforts have borne good fruit.
Mr. Davis' ability, integrity and business judgment mark him as a man of the
highest qualites. A few years ago he was married to Miss Annie Lee Bunn, a
S- G SILLS. Atsistant Cashier
daughter of the IateB. H. Burin, Ex-Congressman from this District, who perhaps had a wider influence in Nash
County than any man who ever lived in its borders. The unprecedented growth of the First National Bank is large-
ly due to Mr. Davis' able management and the confidence the public reposes in him.
Mr. S. G. Sills, Assistant Cashier, is one of the most competent accountants in the city. His uniform courtesy
makes it a great pleasure to transact business with him, and his reputation for integrity is firmly established and be-
yond question. His father is the esteemed Clerk of the Superior Court of Nash County, and the name of Sills,
wherever it is known, signifies honesty of purpose and faithful performance of every trust. Mr. Sills is a most val-
uable man to the bank, and has added largely to its friends and prestige.
Benjanrn H. Bunn, Bookkeeper for the First National Bank, is a young man of promise and counts his
friends by his acquaintances. He is adding to the popularity of the bank by his pleasing manners and attention to the
wants of its patrons.
Miss Sarah Gorham, Stenographer, by efficiency and by the charm of person and manner, is a valuable assistant
to the working force of the First National Bank.
Hon. T. T. Thome, Attorney for the First National Bank, is widely and favorably known both at home and
abroad. The people of his city have honored him continuously for almost two decades, and to every position of
trust that he has been called, he has always answered with the verdict of "well done and with clean hands". Mr.
Thorne combines all of the qualities of an able lawyer, a man of the highest personal integrity, a business man of
pronounced ability, and a very attractive personality.
HON. T. T. THORNE
Lawyer, Senator and Mayor
Theophilus T. Thorne, the subject of this sketch, has been for twenty years, since his first coming to Rocky
Mount, one of the effective forces for good in the community. Eminent as a lawyer, one of the leaders of the bar of
the Fourth Judicial District, he is also one of the most influential public leaders of the city and county, a man whom
the people feel that they can trust without hazard, and who has ever justified their faith.
Mr. Thorne was born in Edgecombe county, N. C. Aug. 9, 1867, and is therefore 43 years of age having scarcely
yet reached the full vigor and intellectual power of mature manhood. He is a son of the late T. T. Thorne, Sr.,
who was a prominent citizens of Halifax county, and of Mrs. Mary (Cutchin) Thorne, of the well known Edgecombe
family of Cutchin.
Mr. Thorne was educated in the public schools of his county and at Whitikers Academy. He studied law under
his brother, Hon. W. C. Thorne, and under R. O. Burton, Jr., one of the most gifted lawyers of the Raleigh Bar.
He received license to practice law in the fall of 1889, and at once located at Enfield, N. C, and began the practice
with his brother above referred to. In 1890, Mr. Thorne moved to Battleboro, N. C, where he remained one year,
during which time he was elected Mayor of that town. In 1890, he came to Rocky Mount for permanent location.
It was quickly observed by the public that he was a lawyer of unusual ability, both in thorough mastery of the
profound and intricate principles of the Law, and as an advocate at the bar. And it was also seen that he was the
sort of MAN in whom confidence could safely be reposed. Therefore, he prospered, and developed and broad-
ened. He soon formed a partnership with the well-loved and distinguished Judge Dorsey Battle, which connection
continued until the election of Judge Battle in 1898 to the Judgeship of the Eastern Criminal Court. In 1896, Mr.
Thorne was elected a member of the Board of Aldermen of the city, and was re-elected consecutively for 13 years,
until he was chosen as Mayor of the city in May 1909. During 12 of the 13 years Mr. Thorne served
on the Board of Aldermen, he was Mayor Pro Tern, and during three of these years, he was both Mayor
Pro Tern and City Clerk. In 1896, the year of the disgraceful Fusion catastrophe in North Carolina Mr. Thorne
was the Democratic Candidate for the House of Representatives in Nash county, and went down to defeat with the
balance of the ticket in the general disaster. In 1906, the Democratic party in the seventh senatorial district com-
posed of Nash, Wilson and Franklin counties
by the overwhelming majority of over
HON. T. T. THORNE
nominated Mr. Thorne for the State Senate, and he was elected
4200 in the district. He was an able and conscientious representative,
taking high rank in the Senate. In 1909, as hereinbefore stated, Mr.
Thorne was elected Mayor and Recorder of the city of Rocky Mount, and his
administration of the city government set a high water mark for clean govern-
ment, enforcement of the law and general efficiency. He resigned the Mayoralty
upon his reelection to the State Senate in the fall of 1910. In the Senate of 191 1,
it can safely be said, that no Senator stood higher in the matter of influence
or in the respect and esteem felt for him by his colleagues, than "the hand-
some and silver tongued Senator from Nash," as Mr. Thorne was termed by
Senator Long of Iredell. His committee assignments clearly proved that he was
regarded as one of the very ablest men in the Senate. He was Chairman of the
Committees on Corporation Commission; on Legislative Apportionment; on Rules;
and on Enrolled Bills; four of the most important Chairmanships, and was a mem-
ber of the following committees: Banks and Currency ; Counties, Cities and Towns;
Election Law; Finance; Institutions for the Blind; Insurance; Judiciary; Public
Buildings and Grounds; and on Railroads. As the important work of the session
was done in committees, it can be seen how far reaching was the influence of the
Senator from Nash. And be it said to his eternal honor, that when the question
came up of voting or not voting for an anti-trust law "with teeth," and the differ-
ent large interests had filled Raleigh with a strong lobby to defeat an effective bill,
although all sorts of pressure was brought to bear, and "the common folks at
home" had no one there to look out for them, Senator Thorne stood true to the
people constituting himself their spokesman, and cast his vote and influence for the
Turlington Bill, which was the anti-trust law "with teeth". It was defeated by
two votes, but not by the help of the Senator from Nash. Thi^iSithe sort of serv-
ice the people do not forget, and Mr. Thome's fidelity to the pgppie and his signal
ability, it is felt by his friends, must carry him still hi^ger in the public
Mr. Thorne was married in 1892 to Miss Louisa C. Fountain, accomplished
daughter of Mr. S. K. Fountain of this city. Mr. and Mrs. Thorne have three intelligent and interesting children;
Spencer, Sallie and Randolph.
Mr. Thorne is a very extensive owner of Rocky Mount real estate and besides his political prominence, is inti-
mately concerned with a number of interests and concerns that are bearing a large share in the progress and upbuild-
ing of the city and this section. He is a Director and Attorney for the First National Bank, a director of the Rocky
Mount Chamber of Commerce, a member of the Board of Trustees of the Rocky Mount Graded Schools, President
of the Nash County Sunday School Association, and is a Trustee ot the First Methodist Church of Rocky Mount.
His large influence, and the force of his strong personality can always be counted upon to be thrown in favor of the
things that contribute to the religious, political, moral and industrial good of his city and state. The people always
know "where to find" T. T. Thorne, and it is this, as well as other things, that accounts for his wide popularity and
his strong hold on the confidence of the people.
fTOartjaimt. *wi&wi» nf JHr. 31. W- ii^inrs, Sarkit Jflaimt. N. GL
Mr. J. W. Hines, One of Eastern North Carolina's Most Resourceful Industrial Generals. The Man More Than
Any Other To Whom Rocky Mount Owes its Largest Industrial Plant
There have been few movements for the progress and upbuilding of Rocky Mount in which the quiet but strong
hand of Mr. J. W. Hines has not been one of the most potent forces. There is no glare of lights or sounding of
trumpets about the work of this man, but to those who have been associated with him and others who have become
familiar with his methods, he is known as a hard and indomitable fighter, and one who always WINS. Mr. Hinesis
a native of Pittt Co., N, C. but removed to Wilson, N. C, when young and was reared there. He is a descendant
of the Hines and Johnson families of Old Sparta, Edgecombe county, N. C. He came to Rocky Mount when this
city was a small village. From the first, Mr. Hines believed firmly in the future of Rocky Mount, and with the clear
business insight and judgment which have become characteristic of him, he laid his plans far into the future, and
quietly and unostentatiously worked up to them.
Possessing the rare quality of being able to wait patiently for the maturing and operating of his plans, and rarely
if ever making a mistake in his judgment of the direction and magnitude of the town's progress, he has bought and
sold more real estate than any other individual in the city, and this connected with his large industrial operations, has
made him one of the city's wealthiest citizens. And be it said to his credit, that his great ability, time and money,
have never failed to be placed freely at the service of Rocky Mount, when necessity has arisen. When the Rocky
Mount Tobacco Market was in its infancy and its success seemed largely problematical, the support of Mr. Hines was
a large factor. At one time, when all the tobacco was being sent away from this city for re-drying. The American
Tobacco Co., offered to re -dry their tobacco in Rocky Mount and thus employ a large number of laborers, if they
could secure a large prize house for the purpose. Without hesitation, Mr. Hines stepped down into the breach and
built the prize-house, and also built the largest warehouse on this market at that time for the sale of leaf tobacco.
When the place of the location of the large A. C. L. Railroad Shops, was in question, few people had any idea
that Rocky Mount would be able to secure them. Mr. Hines, comprehensively surveying the situation, thought he
saw a chance to secure them for Rocky Mount. So, quietly, on his own initiative, he began taking the matter up by
correspondence and by personal interviews with the highest officials of the Railroad. Repeated interviews with the
continual and persistent presentation by Mr. Hines of his case, resulted in a telegram from Mr. Walters, requesting
Mr. Hines to meet him in Wilmington. When Mr. Hines arrived in Wilmington, he found that he had won his case.
The plans had been prepared, a map showing the land the railroad wished to secure for the shops was exhibited and
a definite proposition made to locate the shops in Rocky Mount. At this interview the matter was settled and
Mr. Hines came back to Rocky Mount to arrange for the city to carry out its share of the contract which he had as-
sured the officers would be gladly done. On his return, he quietly made the announcement to a few astounded
friends. The shops came, and with them came a new era of prosperity to the city. This was undoubtedly the largest
service ever rendered to Rocky Mount by an individual, but so unassuming is this man and so averse to any kind of
publicity as to his work, that no doubt a large proportion of the public now hears of the matter for the first time.
And the editors of this work wish to state in this connection, that it was only after the hardest sort of persistence that
they succeeded in getting the facts from which they have written this article, so disinclined is Mr. Hines even at this
late day to receive any notoriety in the matter. But Rocky Mount and her people are entitled to the facts. Another
instance when the business judgment of this man has inured greatly to the benefit of the city, was in the purchase of
a site for the West Side Graded School. He secured a price of $800.00 on the lot on which the building now stands,
Objections were heard that the lot was too far out. He strongly urged its purchase. Using the same foresight he has
used in his private purchases, he believed that the lot would greatly enhance in value; and this lot was finally purchased,
and is easily today worth $10,000.00.
Mr. Hines and the corporate interests which he controls have put more bricks into brick walls than any one else.
Mr. Hines is largely interested in a number of the most important corporations in the city, and has planned and
worked out large enterprises with unvarying success and superb generalship. Well versed in the intricate art and use
of diplomacy, with a smooth, even temperament, but withal, possessing a tenacity of purpose that has become axiomatic,
he is known as a fighter to be feared, and one who has never lost a battle. He enjoys to the fullest extent, the im-
plicit confidence of his associates and of the entire community in both his business capacity and his personal integrity.
Although interested in various other enterprises, his principal business, and that with which he is most closely
connected and best known, is the manufacture and sale of ice. Mr. Hines is probably the largest individual stock-
holder in ice factories in North Carolina. The Rocky Mount Corporation, The Rocky Mount Ice & Fuel Co., in
which Mr. Hines is the largest stockholder and the moving spirit, includes among its stockholders a group of men
who represent larger financial strength than is represented by any other Rocky Mount concern.
Associated with him in the active conduct of the ice business, are his two sons, Thomas M. Hines, and J. W.
Hines, Jr. Although these young men are only two years out of college, they are showing the metal of trained
and seasoned business men, and are among the most respected and popular of the younger business element of the
city and section. Thomas M. Hines is handling the large shipping and re-icing business at the factory with great
credit to himself and the business. J. W. Hines, Jr., by his courtesy, promptness and general efficiency, is giving a
most satisfactory service to the public in the city delivery. These young men give fine promise of being worthy suc-
cessors to their father in years to come.
Mr. J. W. Hines Sr., besides his business interests, can always be counted on to give substantial support to
every movement looking to the best moral and political interests of the city. He is largely interested in local church
work, and has for three years been President of the North Carolina State Convention of the Christian Church, of
which he is a member. He is a Director and member of the Executive Committee of the Rocky Mount Chamber of
Commerce and one of the ruling forces in that organization.
THE BANK OF RO CKY MOUNT
Rocky Mount's Oldest, Most Noted, and Premier Financial Institution
Here is presented a short sketch of the institution that has without doubt been the most powerful and usefuf
in the building of the lusty and aggressive eastern metropolis that is the Rocky Mount of today. This is the oldest :
bank in the city, having been organized Jan. 1, 1839, and has steadily grown in strength, usefulness and power each
year of its history, having behind it, men who constitute a large proportion of the bone and sinew, brains, progress-
iveness and financial strength of the community. These men are Reeky Mount men, born and bred, they and their
ancestors for generations, and their stake in the community has been and is now perhaps greater than that of any
other group of men represented by any Rocky Mount organization.
This bank was first organized as above stated in 1889, Messrs. Thomas H. Battle, S. E. Westray and L. F.
Tillery being the moving spirits. At the organization, Mr. Westray was elected President, Mr. Battle Vice-
President, and Mr. Tillery Cashier, Mr. Battle being then as he is now, the active manager. Rocky Mount in that
day was a small village of a few hundred people, and the launching of a bank was quite an event and something of a
venture. But the bank prospered from the beginning. Five years after its organization, Mr. Westray, who was
one of the wealthiest citizens of the community, died and Mr. Battle was elected President in his stead. Mr. Westray 's
stock in the bank was purchased by Mr. R. H. Ricks, (who was then elected Vice-President to fill the place made
vacant by Mr. Battle's election as President) and by Mr. J. H. Ruffin, who was at that time connected with The
Rocky Mount Mills. The capital of the bank in the beginning was $25,000.00. This has been increased from time
to time, as its needs and the needs of the town for financial accommodation have grown larger, until now it has a
capital of $100,000.00, and undivided profits of $60,000.00.
The Bank of Rocky Mount ever since its organization, has led where matters that would benefit the city have
been in question, and has never hesitated to back up with the necessary funds every sane movement for the upbuild-
ing of the community. One case in point is that of the tobacco market, now grown to be one of the largest employers
of labor and producers of wealth in the cky, employing in one capacity or another, people who are the support of
perhaps 20 to 25 per cent of the population of the city. The establishment of the Rocky Mount Tobacco Market, the
first in Eastern North Carolina, was considered a good deal of a risk. But the officers of this bank after fully inves-
tigating the situation and the conditions, were persuaded that the culture and production of tobacco in this sec-
tion was bound to become in time a great industry, and arriving at this conclusion, The Bank of Rocky Mount, with
the decision, and the confidence in the city which it has always shown, did not hesitate to furnish the necessary finan-
cial assistance through several years of varying success in the industry, to place the market firmly on its feet. It is
not overstating the proposition to say that Mr. Battle and The Bank of Rocky Mount are responsible for the success
of the market, as they are responsible for a number of other things which have been strong elements in the city's de-
velopment. Beginning business when the city was a country village, the growth and success of this bank and the
growth and progress of the city, have been so interwoven, and their interests and movements have been so joined,
that it is difficult to think of one without thinking of the other. The people have come to feel about The Bank of
Rocky Mount much as they feel about the postoffice, as a public institution in every sense of the word, the people's
bank, and the Rocky Mount Bank in the broadest meaning.
THE HEAD OF THE BANK.
The commanding and powerful position attained by this bank in the financial circles of this city and section, and
the magnitude of the work it has wrought could not be accounted for on any other hypothesis than that at its head,
guiding its fortunes, and directing its policies, must have been a strong and resourceful industrial captain, not only a
man of great business ability, but a man of broad views and sympathies who commanded the respect of the whole
community, and knew how to gather about him and manage the right sort of men.
And so it has been. The president of the bank is Mr. Thomas H. Battle, who has been its active manager since
its birth. This fact would alone explain the bank's success and usefulness to the thousands who know this man.
It might be said of Mr. Battle that he is a great business general, successful in everything to which he has put
his hand— that would be true; it might be said that he has been the greatest individual force in the building of the city
and in the giving to it of the cleanest and wisest municipal government for a quarter of a century of which any town
in the state can boast — that would be true; it might be said of him that he is a public leader in whom every man, woman
and child in the city has the fullest confidence and who has never led them except to their best interests— that would
be true; but the rare quality which the people rightly attribute to Mr. Battle and which he has ever justified, we
believe to be finer than all, and the Editors of this work find pleasure in the privilege of giving it expression here:
"That Mr. Battle is a man who regards his word when given as meant to be kept, not only to the mere letter but to
the fullest meaning that was in contemplation, who scorns and hates all subterfuges, who knows no way of meeting
an issue save straight from the shoulder and face to face, and who, whether he holds the advantage or not, disre-
gards it to do plain and simple justice."
Mr. Battle comes of distinguished ancestry. He was born in Raleigh in 1860, his father being Dr. Kemp P.
Battle, ex-State Treasurer and ex-President of the University of North Carolina, whose name is a household word
in this State and a synonym for high purpose, great ability and stainless worth. Mr. Thomas H. Battle's grandfather
was the able and gifted Judge William H. Battle, for many years one of the Justices of the Supreme Court of North
Mr. T. H. Battle was educated in the schools of Raleigh and at the State University at Chapel Hill. He studied
law under Dr. John Manning, graduating in 1882 and receiving his license to practice law from the Supreme Court
the same yean He iocated in Tarboro at once, and within two weeks was elected Solicitor cf the Inferior Court of
the county. Remaining in Tarboro a year and a half, he then removed to Rocky Mount. On the retirement of Mr.
J; H. Ruffin from the position of Treasurer of The Rocky Mount Mills, Mr. Battle (who was then President) was
elected to succeed him, and has been since, and is now, the active manager of that noted concern. His duties at the
mills, together with his duties as President of The Bank of Rocky Mount and his interests elsewhere, forced him to
give up the practice of law.
Since that time, Mr. Battle's influence and business connections have grown wider and wider, his extraordinary
capacity for Work and management permitting him to increase his responsibilities to an extent that seems appalling,
but which he has ever easily and capably carried; and there has never been a moment when all the influence and
resources at his command were not at the service of Rocky Mount when occasion arose.
To give one instance of many that show the generosity and fine public spirit of this man, it might be related that
at one time When the Rocky Mount Graded Schools were in urgent need of a large sum, (about $1,600.00) to finish
one of the present school buildings, Mr. Battle contributed from his own pocket half the amount necessary, giving
$800 to this purpose, the other half being contributed by Mr. R. H. Ricks, Vice-President of this Bank. As Chairman
of the Graded School Board for many years it can be said without question that Mr. Battle has done more for the
educational interests of the city than any other citizen. It is a work that is close to his heart, and he has retained
this post because of his devotion to the public school cause, after declining continued honors in the municipal govern-
ment. Full details of Mr. Battle's eminent public service can be found in the sketch of The Rocky Mount Mills
elsewhere in the book (of which mills he is Treasurer and Manager) and to which reference is made.
Mr. Battle was first married to Miss Bettie Davis, of Wilson, aud from this union he has one son, Mr. Kemp D.
Battle, Attorney at Law, and graduate of the State University. Mr. Battle was married asecond time in 1895 to Miss
Sallie Hyman. and four children, three of whom are living, have blest his last marriage. Mr. Battle is not a member
of any fraternal organization, and finds his greatest pleasure in his ideal home life with his gifted wife and intelligent
and lovable children. He is one of the most prominent members of the Episcopal Church of Rocky Mount.
VICE-PRESIDENT R. H. RICKS,
Mr. R. H. Ricks is Vice-President of The Bank of Rocky Mount, and his name and ability make up one of the
substantial elements of its success. A full story of the life of this soldier-hero, legislator and resourceful financier,
can be found elsewhere in this book. We will attempt no sketch here.
THOS. H. BATTLE, President
S. L. ARRINGTON, Vice-President
J. R. BENNETT, Cashier
VICE-PRESIDENT SAMUEL L. ARRINGTON.
Mr S L. Arrington was born at Hilliardston, in Nash County, March 11, 1860, and is a son of the late Hon A.
H. Arrington, who, in his day and generation, was the most prominent and influential man in Nash ^ounty and in-
deed in this section of the State, having represented his district in the U. S. Congress and later in the Confederate
Congress. His mother was before marriage Miss Kate Wimberly, daughter of the late R. D. Wimberly of fcdge-
combe County, whose descendants are still prominent in Edgecombe County and the State.
Mr Arrington while a mere youth, gentle, modest and unostentatious as he was, showed marked evidences or
business tact and ability, and as years passed by it was found that he had made few mistakes that his )udgment in
all his business affairs was good and as a result of his cool deliberation and financial ability, he has amassed large
landed estates both in North Carolina and in Alabama, beside having other large business interests which are prot-
Mr Arrington has never married. He has lived in Rocky Mount since 1882. He has never had or sought any
political office, though often giving his time freely and effectively to his friends who stood tor omce.
Mr. Arrington and the late John H. Hunter were strong personal friends and at his death many years ago Mr
Hunter devised his most valued possession, his batchelor home near town, to his friend, who preserves it and Keeps
it always ready for occupancy for himself and his friends when the city becomes oppressive to them He is presi-
dent of and owns a half interest in the Arrington-Bissette Co., a very large mercantile business in Nashville, which
owns a controlling interest in the Farmers Oil Company of Nashville; is Vice-President of The Bank otKocky
Mount in which he has been a director for many years; is a director in the Rocky Mount Saving & 1 rust Lo and
is as considerate and polite to the small boy who wants to raise ten cents to help him get a base ball bat, as he is to
the prosperous man who wants to borrow a thousand or ten thousand dollars.
MR. J. R. BENNETT, CASHIER.
Mr. J. R. Bennett, the competent and courteous young Cashier of The Bank of Rocky Mount is largely a
product of the bank having been employed there since he was 17 years eld, in 1903. Mr. Battle bel eves iin the , tank
promoting its own employees to the responsible positions when they show the proper merit, and the case or Mr
Bennett is an instance of this policy. Mr. Bennett is now but 24 years old, having been born Oct. 9. 1886 n Warren
County His father moved to Rocky Mount in 1890 when young Bennett was four years old. Mr. Bennett received
his education in the Rocky Mount Graded Schools, and first came to the bank in 1903 as Collector. From that posi-
tion, he has by ability, close application, and unremitting loyalty worked his way steadily up to the responsible and
prominent position lie now occupies. It is a big thing for so young a man, but Mr. Bennett performs his duties and
carries his responsibilities well, possessing the full confidence of his superiors and of the public at large.
The Assistant Cashier is Mr. W. G. Robbins, who also performs with great satisfaction to the bank the duties of
bookkeeper, which require much ability and great accuracy. Mr. Robbins is also a young Rocky Mount man who
is deservingly winning his spurs in The Bank of Rocky Mount. Mr. Norman Bennett is Collector, and is one of the
best in the city, tactfully and efficiently looking after his work but at the same time is uniformly courteous to the pub-
lic. He makes a third of the trio of young men who under the guidance and advice of Mr. Battle are being qualified
for the highest duties of business and citizenship. The stenographer of this bank is Miss Lena Redmond aud her
work in her line measures up to the high standard which the bank maintains in each of its departments.
In closing it might be said, that The Bank of Rocky Mount numbers its friends and patrons among the Wealthy
and the poor, and in every walk of life. The small depositor receives the same courteous consideration, that the
larger depositors receive. And the character and ability of the officers and directors are such as to make every man
who puts a dollar in this bank feel absolutely assured that his money is not only perfectly safe, but is receiving the
maximum of care, efficiency and ability known to the banking business.
The Board of Directors of The Bank of Rocky Mount is as follows:
Thomas H. Battle (President) R. H. Ricks (President Rocky Mount Mills) G. T. Matthews (Head of Matthews,
Weeks & Co., Wholesale Grocers) J. P. Whitehead (Physician) George J. Hales (Head of Geo. J. Hales & Bro.,
Wholesale Grocers) L. V. Bassett (Attorney at Law) T. J. Hackney (of Hackney Bros., Buggy and Wagon Manufact-
urers) A P. Thorpe (of Thorp & Ricks, Leaf Tobacco Dealers) S. L. Arrington (of The Arrington-Bissett Co., of
Nashville) D. J. Rose (Contractor) E. G. Muse, Durham N. C. (Manager Sales Department for N. C. of Virginia-
Carolina Chemical Co.)
ROCKY MOUNT HOSIERY COMPANY.
This is one of Rocky Mount's important manufacturing concerns. The factory, a cut of which is shown here,
is in the western portion of the city, on the Nashville branch of the A. C. L. R. R. Tne Rocky Mount Hosiery
Company was organized in
1904, and has been uni-
formly and largely success-
ful. They have now in
operation 214 machines,
employing 200 hands, with
a capacity of 800 dozen pair
per day, the capacity of the
plant having been increased
fifty per cent, last year.
The pay roll amounts to
$3,000.00 per month. A
good class of labor is em-
ployed, and few industries
in the town are of more
actual benefit to the busi-
ness life of the city. This
mill together with the Enfield Hosiery Mills, also owns the controlling interest in the Littleton, (N. C.) Hosiery Mill,
and'the manager of this mill, Mr. Geo. T. Andrews, operates in addition, the Enfield, (N. C.) Hosiery Mill. The
Rocky Mount factory has a complete dyeing and finishing plant. The combined capacity of the three mills is 2,000
dozen pair per day. The manufactured product has always found a ready market because of the high merit
of the goods The President and Treasurer of the company is Mr. J. C. Braswell (President of The Planters Bank),
the Vice-President is Mr. Geo. S. Edwards (of Geo. S. Edwards & Co., Wholesale Grocers), and Mr. Geo. T.
Andrews is Secretary and Manager. Mr. Andrews is a man of long experience in the business, and the successful
record he has made in the management of this mill is ample proof that he is the right man in the right place.
W. D. & C. A. C OCHRAN.
Largest Clothing, Gents' Furnishings and Shoe Store on the Atlantic Coast
Line Between Richmond and Charleston.
The large clothing store of Messrs. W. D. & C. A. Cochran, on Main Street, is one of the show places in Rocky
Mount. As indicated in the headlines, these gentlemen carry the largest stock of clothing, gents' furnishings and
shoes to be found anywhere on the Coast Line between Richmond, Va., and Charleston, S. C, the value of the
stock carried being approximately $50,000.00. Their store is artistically arranged— double-decked, airy and well
lighted— and they occupy something like 9,000 square feet of floor space in their sales rooms. While trying to have
goods for every class of trade, their specialty is the better and higher class of goods, and so well known has this fact
become over Rocky Mount and a wide surrounding territory, that the very fact of goods having been purchased at
Cochran's has come to mean that they are of the best grade. It has been the policy of this store to sell on small
profits, backing this up with economy and the highest class of system and business management, so that the benefit
of the saving could go to the store's customers, and yet an average profit accrue to the business. This is one of the
facts that account for the wide popularity and enviable reputation of this business,
The senior member of the firm, Mr. W. D. Cochran, is known as one of the city's very ablest business men, a
man whose integrity has always been above question, and who has won the respect of this whole section by his
eminently good business judgment, square dealings and his clean character. Mr. Cochran is a native of Halifax
County, N. C, was born January 13, 1856, and lived on the farm until after his majority. He spent some time in
the mercantile business as salesman in Weldon, Oxford, and in the Mississippi Valley. Traveling over most of the
great West in search of a business location, he finally returned to North Carolina and came to Rocky Mount, fore-
seeing well the great future of this city. He established his business here in 1894, and his record in Rocky Mount
has been a continued growth in success, influence and in the respect of the community for him as a wise and sane
business man and a very useful citizen. The large business he has built here is alone a sufficient testimonial to the
fact that he possesses extraordinary business generalship and fine judgment. Mr. Cochran was married April 30,
1896, to Miss Virginia Morecock, charming daughter of Capt. and Mrs. J. E. Morecock, of Halifax county. Mr.
and Mrs. Cochran have two children.
Interior View of W. D. & C. A. Cochran's Store.
The junior member of this firm is Mr. Charles A Cochran, one of the most prominent and popular ot the city s
younger business element, and a nephew of Mr. W. D. Cochran. Mr. Charles A Cochran was born in Weldon,
NC December 20 1875. He spent his youth in Virginia, to which State his father moved about 1884. He was
connected for about seven years with a mercantile business in Emporia, Va„ coming to Rocky Mount as salesman
f ° r ^C^^JSp^^ofAt of the city with his capacity for business and with the further fact that he is
a man n whom trust and confidence may be reposed with full safety By his uniform courtesy good fellowship
honorable life and conduct, he has become very popular, not only in business and soca circles of the city , but
amone neoDle in every wa k of life. He became a partner in the business in the Spring of 9 0, earning his success
dv force P ofhis ow aMiTy honesty and industry. Mr. Cochran was married June 30th, 910 to Miss Mary Scot
Bulluck of Enfield, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. R. Bulluck of that town. Mrs. Cochran is a lady of many graces
and accomplishments, and makes a valuable addition to the social life of the city.
The large brick building now occupied and owned by this firm was built in 1896, made necessary by the rapid
and substantial growth of the business, and no concern in the city has better quarters
In closing it should be noted that one of the potent elements in the success of this business has been that every
customer of theirs has come to feel that he can, with entire safety, trust implicitly in whatever representations are
made™ him by either of the proprietors or their salesmen. It has always been a cardinal principle of this house
mat every customer must know exactly what he is buying, and even the slightest misrepresentation would not be
^Asli conseque^c?: of this principle, uniformly practiced, this firm sell clothing to customers living all the way
from Richmond to Augusta.
WILKINSON, BULLUCK & CO.
One of the City's Largest and Most Important Organizations.
Conduct insurance, Real Estate and Rental Business.
Have General Agency for Three Fire Insurance
In writing of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co., there is nothing stronger than a bare statement of facts to prove what
this business has accomplished in the upbuilding of the community in which they are ocated Truly itcan be said
of the above firm that the bare relation of what it has done to assist in the upbuilding of Rocky Mount n e eds no em-
bellishment The last census published by the United States Government proved by the actua figures that Kocky
Mount grew more in proportion than any other city in the State, a full relation of which is given elsewhere m this
book. The connection it has with Wilkinson, Bulluck & Company is that the industrial progress of Rocky Mount
in the last ten years has been thoroughly interwoven with the accomplishments of the above jwmed firm. Hardly
any movement of a public or industrial nature has been started in Rocky Mount during the time named but that it
has received at least a strong support from this firm. . mim .. m1 , ct h _ „„
At the head of any successful business can always be found the brain of one individual; of course he must be as-
sisted by able lieutenants. The guiding hand of the firm of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Company hasbeen and isst .1
centered in the person of Mr. W. S. Wilkinson. No one individual has been more concerned in the advancement ot
the cSsremarkaSe industrial progress than the individual named. The amount of work that this man accomphshes
is not generally known; those who have opportunity of realizing it wonder how he really does it The solution lies
in the fact of his remarkable executive ability, and he enjoys at the present time not only the unbounded
confidence of this entire community, but his work has been of sufficient scope to make him recognized as second to
no man in the insurance business in North Carolina. His business ability and absolute integrity, not only in fulfilling
the letter of his obligations, but in the spirit of fair dealings between man and man, has gained for him the confidence
of a large circle of strong business men over the entire State. In the course of his work in Rocky Mount he has
come in contact with not only business men in the insurance line, but in nearly all lines of business and the directory
of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company bears strong testimony of the confidence and esteem in which he is held
by business men, not only in his home community, hut in other cities, for really it was an attestation of their confi-
dence in his ability as an insurance man and his integrity as a business man, that these directors and other stock-
holders in the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company gave in putting their money in this enterprise.
Mr. Wilkinson was born in Tarboro, Sept. 4th, 1866, being the son of Mr. F. S. Wilkinson, one of the State's
most noted educators. (Mr. F. S. Wilkinson has always enjoyed the reputation of being thorough in his work and he
inculcated this spirit in the training of his son.) After preparation for a higher course under his father, Mr. Wilkin-
son attended the State University and graduated at that institution in 1887. Recognizing the possibilities of this city,
he moved here in 1894 and became a local agent in the fire insurance and real estate business. Although
at that time the field was small and the contest for business sharp, by sheer ability and work Mr. Wilkinson gained a
strong nucleus for a prosperous business, and in 1901 the firm of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Company was formed, con-
sisting of Mr. J. D. Bulluck and Mr. W. S. Wilkinson, as managers with Mr. J. C. Braswell as a third
partner. This firm was incorporated in 1902. After several years successful business the interest of Mr. Bulluck
was purchased by Mrs. Wilkinson, as Mr. Bulluck desired to engage in other lines of business. As a strong busi-
ness had been established, it was decided to retain the firm name, but for the past seven years Mr. Wilkinson has
been the active manager of the business, and Mr. J. C. Braswell, one of the city's strongest financiers, of whom
mention is made elsewhere in this book, his strong business partner and associate.
Mr. Wilkinson was married in 1891 to Miss Lula Wimberley, daughter of Mr. G. L. Wimberley, which name
stands among the very most prominent in this part of the State. They have six children and live in one of the
handsomest residences in the city on the Falls Road (which is one of the most desirable residential sections of the
city). A picture of Mr. Wilkinson's home appears elsewhere in this book.
The firm of Wilkinson, Bulluck & Company has shown a remarkable increase every year since its formation
until today it does one of the largest insurance, real estate and rental agency businesses of any firm in this 'State.
Ever since the formation of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company Mr. Wilkinson has been general agent.
In 1908 the Seaboard Fire Insurance Company, of Norfolk, Va., entering North Carolina, placed their general agency
with him. In April, 1910, the Atlantic National Fire Insurance Company, of Macon, Ga., entering the State, made
the third company for which Mr. Wilkinson is general agent.
On account of growth of business, in 1909, Mr. Geo. A. Wilkinson, a brother of the person of this sketch, who
was engaged in the insurance business in Tarboro, was secured as special agent for the three companies named, and
has been extremely successful in getting a desirable line of business for these companies. He is a young man of
charming personality, knows the business thoroughly, and thereby secures favorable consideration from local agents
all over the State. , „ , . , ,
Mr W S Wilkinson is one of the most versatile men with whom the editors of this book ever came in contact.
Not only is he versatile, but he is efficient and thorough in all that he undertakes. As an evidence of appreciation of his
ability we will cite the fact that he was elected County Superintendent of Education of Nash County after he had been a
native of the County for only a few months. This position Mr. Wilkinson held continuously for 10 years until he
was forced to resign on account of it being necessary for him to give his attention to details of other interests. How-
ever he is today Chairman of the County Board of Education, and is still actively interested in the progress of edu-
cation in Nash County. A sketch of Nash County's public schools is given elsewhere in this book, which shows
that Nash County has not been backward in educational progress, and this has been due largely to
the active and untiring work of Mr. Wilkinson. He is also a member of the Board of Trustees of Rocky Mount
Graded Schools. He is an expert mathematician, and when county conventions are held where rapid clerical count
is needed, it has been almost invariably the rule for Mr. Wilkinson to be selected as secretary. Mr. Wilkinson is
Secretary of the Rocky Mount Road Commission, and one of the five members of the Board of Directors. He was
largely instrumental in having a special bill passed which gave the country within a radius of ten miles of Rocky
Mount an opportunity to improve her roads, and he has been an active factor ever since in the work of road im-
provement. It has often been said that education and good roads go hand in hand, and Mr. Wilkinson recognizing
this, has taken an active interest in both. He is also Treasurer of the Y. M. C. A. funds, and actively as i?l st ^ d l n
the raising of the $5,000.00 which the citizens of Rocky Mount contributed to equip the $50,000.00 Y. M L. A.
building, which is now in the course of erection in our city. Mr. Wilkinson is a Director of the Planters Bank, and
Rocky Mount Hosiery Company, and a member of the Finance Committee of both institutions. In starting this arti-
cle it was stated that the industrial progress of Rocky Mount was interwoven with the history of the persons of this
sketch and as the facts are related the statement is absolutely borne out. It seems remarkable that one man can be
concerned in so many enterprises and successful in all; but this is due largely in the present instance to the truly
remarkable ability that he possesses to choose and to train able and capable assistants.
It would be impossible to carry on the immense business transacted by this firm unless they had an able and
thoroughly trained corps of assistants. Every one of their employees are highly efficient and capable.
Miss Lucy C. Thorpe, one of the city's most charming and popular young ladies, accepted a position with this
firm nine years ago, and has been with them without a break continuously since that time. Through long experience
she has become rapid and expert in the details of the insurance business, and the number of policies that she has
written would run up into the tens of thousands. Unquestionably Miss Thorpe is one of the most competent assis-
tants in the insurance business in the State. She was stenographer for the firm until the business grew to such an
extent that it now takes practically her entire time writing policies. _
Mr Paul Gorham is in charge of the rental department, and he also has been with the business nine years. He
has under his management one of the largest, if not the largest, rental business in the State. He is a young man of
energy and strong character, and is held in the highest esteem by all who know him.
Mr C W. Coghillhas been with the firm four years. His preliminary training admirably equipped him tor the
responsible duties that he now discharges. He started his business career as an office boy in the Bank of Rocky
Mount He remained with this institution eight years, enjoying their implicit trust. He resigned the position as as-
sistant cashier in this bank in order to establish for himself an insurance business, but very soon after entering this
line of work he received an attractive offer from his present firm, as their bookkeeper. He is not only considered
one of the most expert accountants in the State, but he also possesses a thorough knowledge of the principles of the
insurance business. He possesses the confidence of his firm to such an extent that he is entrusted with large responsi-
bilities. He is conscientious in his work, and is always on the lookout for the mutual protection of all parties con-
cerned in the transaction of business with his firm.
Owing to the growth of this firm's business, about a year ago Miss Etta Lancaster was employed as private
stenographer for Mr. W. S. Wilkinson, and to assist in the other work of the office. In keeing with the rest of the
assistants in this office, she is rapid and efficient.
UNDERWRITERS FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
OF ROCKY MOUNT
Organized, Owned and Operated by Home People, and Eminently Success-
ful. Every Year Shows Gratifying Gains
The organization of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company of Rocky Mount is a strong testimonial of the
capability and spirit of progress possessed by the business men of this city, and especially so by those responsible for
the organization of this Company, which has been of such an immense advantage to the city's industrial life.
During the year 1905, Mr. W. S. Wilkinson, and his business associates recognizing that the time was propi-
tious for the organizing of a company that would bring home some of the revenue paid for insurance, undertook this
enterprise. These men guaranteed the stock, and the work of interesting a large number of the business men of the
city and adjacent territory was undertaken. In a remarkably short time the amount of $51,500.00 capital, and $12,-
875.00 surplus was subscribed and the Company organized. Dr. M. R. Braswell was elected president, Mr. T. J.
Hackney, vice president; Mr. J. C. Braswell, treasurer, and Mr. W. S. Wilkinson, secretary. A strong board of di-
rectors was selected from the stockholders. Since that time the Company has been eminently successful, so much
so, that at each time for the selection of officers there has been no change from those originally selected. Also the
Board of Directors, with a few exceptions, has remained the same. At the present time the following compose the
Board of Directors, all known as successful business men: Messrs. W. L. Sherrod, Geo. B. Curtis, and S. G. Bellamy,
of Enfield, N. C, Dr. J. C. Braswell, Mr. J. M. Sherrod, Mr. W. T. Braswell, and Dr. R. H. Speight, of Whita-
kers, N. C; Messrs. J. B. Philips, H. B. Bryant, M. C. Braswell, and Dr. H. B. Marriott, of Battleboro, N. C,
Dr. J. P.Wimberley and Mr. Frank Shields of Scotland Neck, N.C.,Mr. S. F. Austin of Nashville, N.C., Messrs. W. D.
Hackney and W. L. Banks of Wilson, N. C, Dr. W. P. Mercer and Mr. R. S. Wells of Elm City, N. C, Mr. J. D
Bulluck, of Leachville, N. C, and Messrs. F. C. Ferguson, T. J. Hackney, J. C. Braswell, G. S. Edwards, D. J.
Rose and Drs. M. R. Braswell and G. L. Wimberley, of Rocky Mount, N. C.
DR. M. R. BRASWELL, Pres'dent
T. J. HACKNEY, Viee-Piesidenl
W. S, WILKINSON/ Secretary
. The company Was organized as stated with the purpose in view of trying to keep at home some of the tremen-
dous volume of money that has always been sent away for insurance purposes, and it was decided to do business only
in North Carolina. Besides the business men interested in the Company from Rocky Mount, there have been a large
number interested in other cities and towns in the Stale. The result has shown that our people are patriotic, have
faith in home brains and ability, and recognize the good business policy of keeping money at home so that they may
reap some of the benefits thereby. The plan of operation of the Company is ideal, it being so constituted as to show,
it would seem absolute and perfect safety in the handling of - its business. The Executive Committee consists of
Messrs. T. J. Hackney, Geo. S. Edwards, J. C. Braswell, Dr. Geo. L. Wimberley and Dr. M. R. Braswell, and
meets every month for the purpose of investing the funds and examining the affairs of the Company. The Direc-
tors meet every six months and a thorough examination of the condition of the Company is made. By this method
all the transactions of the Company are quickly brought under the observation of a large number of fine business
men. One reason for the gratifying success of this Company is the great care that is taken in the selection of risks.
A great deal of consideration was given the matter before the selection of the officers of the Company, and as a con-
sequence, no Company could be more fortunate in that respect, for all four of the officers are men who have
achieved success by their own efforts and ability. The officers and Directors are not mere figureheads, as is the case
in instances of some organizations that make a bid for public faith, but are men who realize their responsibilities, and
strive at all times to properly discharge them.
'1 he president Dr^JVl. R. Bras well, is a man recognized as one of our foremost business men, a man well quali-
fied for the position that he holds."~TTe is one of three sons of the late loved and lamented T. P. Braswell. His
father was an eminently successful and beloved man, and the three children that he left received an early training
under his guidance that well qualified them for business careers. It is not amiss to here state that all have made
well use of their talents, and opportunities, and have given at all times their time and money on a broad plane for
the advancement of the community in which they have lived. Dr. Braswell was educated and trained for a physi-
cian, in which profession he was absolutely successful; but his business affairs grew to such a large extent that he' felt
that 'he did not want to continue the practice of his profession unless he could give it his undivided time and atten-
tion, and recognizing his respons-'bilities as a large planter and property owner, and director of numerous enterprises,
he recently retired from the practice of his profession. He received his education at Bingham, Wake Forest, the
University of N. C, and the University of Maryland. He was married in 1894 to Miss Mamie Hackney, the beauti-
ful and cultured daughter of Mr. T. J. Hackney. They have two bright and intelligent children, Mamie and Emily.
His wife being the only child of Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Hackney, Dr. Braswell and his family have their home with her
fe «,h\rh i< the most handsome and expensive residence in Rocky Mount, and which would be a credit to any
parents which is the most hana so me «™| P b f th it > s industr i es , and is a stockholder in practi-
Clt ,T '" ™ S industrv that Sheen gotten up for the furtherance of the city's progress. He is vice president of the
^k^l^S^&Blta"&Sdto his P efforts is due the fact in a large measure, that the Rocky Mount Hosiery
Co waf organized an institution that has been successful from a financial point of view ,n itself, and of great value
tn the pitv in the wav of paying wages to go towards making the city larger
The Underwriter -Fire "insurance Company was fortunate in their selection of him as >ts president. Of Mr. j.
r RrJirfi treasurer and Mr. W. S. Wilkinson, Secretary, mention is made elsewhere in this book.
From he firs year of the organization of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company of Rocky Mount the bus.-
npw F h TbeeS successful and gratifying from every point of view. The Company has paid since its formation, losses
of ?16 560 00 and 1 dividends to its stockholders of $12,360.00, and in addition to this a handsome surplus has been
kid aside each year The growth of the Company can best be determined by a comparison of its first annual state-
menrD^mberSst, 1906, and its last annual statement, December 31st., 1910, as follows:
Reserve surplus. Assets.
December 31st., 1906 $4,898 62 $13 743.49 $70,142.11
TVrember31st 1910 $5,996.79 $22,253.60 $91, 83/. 83 t , m/VMnn
The insurance fn force at the end of the first year was $436,046.00 Insurance now in force is $1 593 066.00.
irWS Wlkinsons the General Agent of the Company, and has been since its formation. The business of
the Company is nowTn the offices of Messrs. Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co., who have large and commod.ous quarters
ln th ft K nltur'aUawtr afy business enterprise to select from the men available those best qualified for the pOsi-
,.„/' V iy the selection of the Vice President of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company, they were in-
deed ortunateln be^g able to secure such a well trained business man as Mr T. j Hackney. Like father, like son
?« an nfi reneated assertion and in this instance the truth of the assertion is fully borne out. In writing of Rocky
m t 2ta SE'rnade of Mr W N. Hackney, the father of Mr. T. J. Hackney, for the former left an im-
M ° "" Innn th?s nart of t^ Mr - W ' N - Hackney now deceased,
^lJMXPc<SnKj«i2SrSS He learned the trade of a wheelright, and located in Wilson, N. C
m the m 1853 He engaged in the manufacture of wagons and carts, and from this enterprise sprang the immense
business nowwell and most favorably known over many States, under the firm name of Hackney Bros. Mr. T. J.
Hackney ?he eldest son, moved to Rocky Mount in 1874, and opened a branch business under the firm name of T.
J Hackney & Co., his father being the Company. When Mr. T. J. Hackney's brother, Mr. George Hackney, be-
came of age, the father's interest in the Rocky Mount branch was bought by the youngest son, and in 1878, the bus-
iness in this city was changed to the firm name of Hackney Bros. In 1884, the health of the father became in such
a condition that he was forced to retire from business, and Mr. George Hackney left Rocky Mount for Wilson to take
active charge of the business there. The three sons of Mr. W. N. Hackney, consisting of the two named, and Mr.
W. D. Hackney, bought the business at Wilson from their father, and an equal copartnership was formed among
the three able and energetic business men for the operation of the businesses at Rocky Mount and Wilson. Their
training and ability was such as to advance the scope and size of the business until today a Hackney vehicle is
synonymous with excellency, enjoying an enviable reputation over many states. The plant at Rocky Mount was
burned in 1890 and it was decided not to rebuild at this point, but to enlarge their faciliiies at Wilson. As the firm
had secured large property interests in this city, and as a matter of fact are at the present time largely interested in
property, and industries here, it was decided that though they would not rebuild their vehicle factory here, they
would go into the hardware business, and Mr. T. J. Hackney took the active management of this business, which,
as has every business in which the Hackney Bros, have been concerned, was successful from the beginning. On ac-
count of his health, Mr. T. J. Hackney decided a few years ago to give up the exacting duties connected with the
conducting of the hardware business here, and the business was sold to Mr. R. R. Gay and Mr. R.W. Arnngton, and
is now known under the firm name of Gay & Arrington. Mr. Hackney not only has been known as a successful
business man, but has always given of his time and money to assist worthy causes and enterprises, and is a man th it
has always been recognized as of the strictest integrity.
Mr Hackney was married November 1877 to Miss Josephine Hammond. From this union there was one child,
Mamie, who is the wife of Dr. M. R. Braswell. As previously stated in this book, Mr. and Mrs. Hackney and their
daughter and her husband, and two bright and interesting grand daughters, have their home together in the hand-
somest residence of which the city can boast.
It will be observed from the description of the Directors and Officers of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Com-
pany, that they have men, not only of wealth and sterling character, but that are of tried and proven business ability,
which makes the assurance of the continued success of this Company.
RESIDENCE OF MR. W. S. WILKINSON
BRASWELL & LE VY— L eaf Tobacco Dealers.
This firm is one of the best and most favorably known in North Carolina. They handled during the season of
1910-11, approximately 4,000,000 lbs. of tobacco. They have factories in Rocky Mount, and in Frankfort, Ky.,
maintaining buyers also on both markets. The combined capacity of their two factories is 80,000 lbs. per day. They
have installed in both their factories, the latest improved steam drying machines with both apron and stick attachments.
The business was
founded in 1892 by
Mr. J. C. Braswell,so
prominent now in
banking and financial
circles, who conduct-
ed it until 1899, when
he took in as a partner
the lamented Lewis
C. Levy, (who died
Levy became activ e
manager, Mr. Bras-
well exercising a gen-
eral supervision. The
ly successful, Mr. Levy being one of the very ablest tobacco men who have ever operated in North Carolina, in whom
every man who ever came in touch with him had implicit faith. He gave his life to this business, and was one of
the greatest forces in making the Rocky Mount Tobacco Market what it is today. His associates wish to testify here
that it was largely his unremitting energy, loyalty and ability that have given this firm its high stand in the tobacco
world. Mr. Levy and this firm numbered and do number now, among their customers, valued connections in
England, Holland, Germany, Japan and other countries, together with a large domestic trade. They now have a
Very large stock of tobacco on hand, of the various grades, both burley and bright. Mr. Braswell will continue to
look after the business this season, and will probably take into the firm a new partner next season.
BATTLE & LAN CASTER
The Largest and Most Complete Furniture Store in Eastern North Carolina
The rapid and substantial growth of Rocky Mount's mammoth house furnishing concern, the firm of Battle &
Lancaster, has been one of the most marked incidents
in the history of the city during the past two years.
This firm, as it is now constituted, was formed in July
1909, not quite two years ago. The present magni-
tude and great extent of their business, together with
their high financial standing, tells an eloquent story,
both of the advantages of the city of Rocky Mount as
a business center and of the splendid ability and
energy of the two men who compose this firm.
Battle & Lancaster are located on Washington
street and now occupy six floors with 20,000 square
feet of floor space. They buy their goods in solid
car loads, and besides their local trade, they cover
with their salesman practically all the small towns
from Weldon to Spring Hope. They are now pre-
pared to take care of all out of town business in a
satisfactory manner and are rapidly extending and
widening their field.
It has been the policy of this concern to endeavor
to carry in stock every article that would be needed
in equiping the most modern home. In this connec-
tion it might be stated here that so far as we know,
Battle & Lancaster are the only furniture house in
eastern North Carolina who can furnish an up-to-
INTERIOR VIEW OF BATTLE & LANCASTER'S STORE
date home complete, all the way from a magnificent kitchen range to an artistic high grade piano. Their leading
piano is the famous Lester which, as everybody knows, is the last word in art, durability and tone quality in the
piano world. They also handle the Cote which is a really high grade instrument, but a less costly make, and are also
the local agents for the Farrand Cecilian Player. To give some idea of the great proportions which their piano bus-
iness has assumed, we will state that in their piano display room they rarely have less than a car load of pianos.
They unquestionably do the piano business of the city.
This firm has just accepted the agency for the well
known Buck stoves and ranges, the leading cooking
stoves of the country, which are now recommended
by all the labor organizations.
In the furniture line, this house carries only the
best quality, and yet their business is so large and their
system and management so efficient and economical,
that they are enabled to give their customers the
advantage of the minimum price and still have a
reasonable profit accrue to the business.
During the past year the capacity and the sales of
this concern have actually doubled, notwithstanding
the fact that the utmost care and conservatism is
always the rule where business extension is in question.
They employ at present eight capable and hustling
salesmen, who are every day rendering the firm of
Battle & Lancaster more popular and better known
to the public.
One of the strongest elements perhaps in the large
success of this firm ft the fact that they have been
liberal users of newspaper advertising space, believing
in the policy of letting the public know it when they
have a good thing. And the results have abundantly
justified this course.
INTERIOR VIEW OF BATTLE & LANCASTER'S STORE
The members of this firm are Mr. Gaston
Battle and Captain W. R. Lancaster, both of
whom are Rock Mount men, born and bred,
and are members of two of the oldest and most
prominent Edgecombe county families. Mr.
Battle is a lineal descendentof Elisha Battle, who
came to Edgecombe in 1742, and was President
of the North Carolina Constitutional Conven-
tion, which ratified the Constitution of the United
States. Captain Lancaster is at present a mem-
ber of the Board of Aldermen of the city of
Rocky Mount and one of the most prominent
members of the First Baptist Church. Both Mr.
Battle and Captain Lancaster are men who have
made their mark in the business world and
who have the full confidence of the city, both in
their business capacity and their personal integ-
rity. They are both yet comparatively young
men, Mr. Battle having been born in 1871 and
Captain Lancaster in 1874; and having already a
record of such worthful achievement, the future
must hold splendid possibilities for them, and
for Rocky Mount in their contribution to the
progress of the city.
W. R LANCASTER
MORITZ VON MILGROM
MOR1TZ VON MILGROM
Woodruff Jewelry Store in this city as optometrist and manager.
A Leading Jeweler and Optometrist
This jewelry store is scarcely yet one year old, but so efficient has been its
management, coupled with such square dealings, and fair and courteous treatment
of the public, that it has already won an enviable patronage among the highest
class of the trade, and is regarded as one of the leading jewelry stores in this sec-
tion of the state. The stock of solid gold and silverware, cut glass and everything
in the jewelry line carried by this store is one of the most complete and up-to-
date to be found anywhere in a city the size of Rocky Mount. Mr. von Milgrom
also does a considerable jewelry manufacturing business, making a specialty of re-
modeling old jewelry— something that is not done elsewhere, this side of Baltimore.
The proprietor of the store, Mr. von Milgrom, is one of the most expert and
reliable jewelers in the city, thoroughly conversant with every detail of the busi-
ness, and possessing splendid business qualities. He is a native of Dresden, the
Capital city of Saxony, Germany, having been born there September 22, 1884.
Mr. von Milgrom is a descendant of an old and noble German house, his father,
D. L. von Milgrom, having been a Major in the Prussian Army with a brilliant
record in the Austrian-Prussian War of 1866.
Mr. von Milgrom was educated at the University of Dresden and at the Im-
perial Military School at Vienna. He came to America, landing in New York Sep-
tember 2, 1901. From New York, he went to Washington, N. C., embarking
there in the jewelry business, being a partner in the Washington Jewelry Com-
pany. He moved to Windsor, N. C, in 1904, conducting a jewelry business also
in that town. He came to Rocky Mount in 1906, accepting a position with the
He went into business for himself, opening his
INTERIOR VIEW VON MILGROM'S STORE
present store April 1, 1910, and as stated before, has
built up a large and desirable patronage in the short
space of one year.
For general beauty, neatness and artistic arrange-
ment of stock and sales room, his store is not surpassed
in the state.
Mr. Milgrom is, in addition, a graduate optometrist,
licensed by the State of North Carolina, and conducts a
general optical business, keeping a full supply of the
highest class goods in that line. He is regarded as a
thoroughly competent and reliable eye specialist, and is
widely consulted and patronized.
Mr. von Milgrom was married June 15, 1909, to
Miss Mary Hester Marriott, beautiful and accomplished
daughter of Dr. H. B. Marriott, of Battleboro, one of
the most prominent and influential citizens of this section
of the state.
Mr. von Milgrom is not only popular in business
circles, but he and Mrs. von Milgrom have made quite a
valuable and welcome addition to the social life of the city.
MR. EDGAR W. SMITH
Secretary and Treasurer of the Tobacco Board of Trade
of Rocky Mount, and Local Manager for the
Imperial Tobacco Company, Ltd., of Great
Britain and Ireland
There are a few more useful citizens in Rocky Mount than Mr. Edgar W.
Smith, and none who are more public-spirited and who are held in higher esteem
by their acquaintances. Mr. Smith was born in Danville, Va. in 1865, and was
educated in the schools of that city. He was Deputy Clerk of Hustings Court for
several years after which he engaged in the tobacco business there, being connected
with one of the largest concerns in the South. On the opening of the tobacco market
in Eastern Carolina he came to Rocky Mount in 1891 and established the business of
leaf tobacco buying under the firm name of E. W. Smith & Co. He built up the
business to such an extent that in 1900 it was necessary to build a new factory.
This was equipped with steam and the latest improved methods of drying and
handling the leaf for domestic and export trade. Mr. Smith then formed a co-
partnership with Pemberton & Penn and J. P. Taylor & Co., under the firm
name of E. W. Smith & Co., and bought largely for prominent manufacturers of
America and England, as well as for the Japanese Government. Upon the forma-
tion of the Imperial Tobacco Company he sold his plant to them and accepted a
position as Buyer and Manager of their Rocky Mount branch, a position he has
retained ever since and has filled with signal ability, and satisfaction both to the company and to the tobacco industry
of this section.
EDGAR W. SMITH
Mr. Smith was President of the Rocky Mount Board of Trade for
several terms, and is now Secretary and Treasurer of the Board, which
position he has held for the past ten years. Mr. Smith is recognized all
over the tobacco section as one of the very ablest tobacco men whoever
operated on this market, and also as a man with a high sense of honor,
whose integrity has always been above question. He is deeply alive to
the interests and welfare of Rocky Mount and is ever active in the pro-
motion of anything for its good. He has served with conspicuous abil-
ity as a member of the Board of Aldermen, Chairman of the Water-
RESIDENCE OF MR E. W. SMITH
works and Sewerage Committees and as a
member of other prominent Committees. He
was among the first to advocate an issue of
bonds for public improvements and has
recently started a movement to issue $50,000
in bonds for street improvement purposes.
Besides his tobacco interests, Mr. Smith
is a Director of the Rocky Mount Homestead
& Loan Association and is interested in several
other enterprises of the city.
RESIDENCE CF MR. W, D CCCHRAN
RESIDENCE OF MR> T J. HACKNEY
ROBERT E. RANSON
ROBERT E. RANSON
Superintendent of Schools for Nash County
Robert E. Ranson was born in 1879 at Huntersville, Mecklenburg Co., N. C.
He is a son of R. M. and Agnes A. (Sample) Ranson. He was prepared for college
in Huntersville High School, and after four years at Erskine College, Due
West, S. C, was graduated in 1901, with the degree of A. B. After leaving col-
lege he was a teacher until elected County Superintendent of Schools of Nash
County July, 1909. He taught in S. C, Ark., Fla. and N. C, and during the
vacation months did newspaper work. While Principal of the Spring Hope
Graded School in 1908, he started the Spring Hope Leader, and was its editor
for 18 months. Since coming t: Nash County, Mr. Ranson has been correspond-
ent for a number of daily papers and has kept Nash County well advertised to
the outside public. He is a Mason, a member f Jr. O. U. A. M. and a Presby-
terian. He married Miss Bryte Baker, a charming lady of Kings Mountain, N.
C, in June, 1910. Mrs. Ranson is a graduate of Elizabeth College, Charlotte,
N. C, and during the year 1909-10 was principal of the Kings Mountain Graded
School. She also taught music and expression for two years, and has given a
number of readings in different places in the county during the present year.
Mr. Ranson's school work in Nash County has been efficient and forceful.
He is especially interested in the increase of Special School Tax Districts ii) Nash,
and has been largely instrumental in the fine showing the county has rn^de the
past two yeirs, not alone in this respect, but in others. He resides at Nashville,
the county seat.
HONORABLE L. V. BASSETT
Lawyer, Senator, Now and for the Past Twenty Years
A Leader of the Invincible and Triumphant
Democracy of Old Edgecombe
For more than a score of years past the fighting qualities and the uncon-
querable strength of the Edgecombe county Democracy have been a chief re-
liance in every political battle that has been fought in North Carolina. The fine
personnel of the organization in this county has during this period developed a
small coterie of leaders of unusual ability and sterling qualities of manhood and
leadership, whose voices have carried great weight in the councils of the party
in North Carolina. One of the most conspicuous of these leaders was the late
loved and lamented Don Gilliam, whose name was a household word in every
white home in Edgecombe county and indeed, in all this section of the state and
whose untimely death was a matter of deep state-wide regret.
Another of these leaders, and a close friend and associate of Mr. Gilliam's,
is Hon. L. V. Bassett, the subject of this sketch. In every political battle that
has been waged in Edgecombe for the past two decades, L. V. Bassett has been
where the fight w&s thickest and hottest, a leader whom the people trusted and
under whose generalship they fought with pride and confidence. The Tarboro
Southerner just after the adjournment of the 1911 legislature, in which Mr.
Bassett was Edgecombe's Senator, accurately voiced the sentiment of the peo-
ple of the county when it printed editorially the following: "This writer has
known Lucius Bassett for more than a quarter of a century. In our early acquaintance we were impressed with his
sincerity of purpose and loyalty to his friends, a loyalty that counted not the cost. The years have only intensified
HON. LUCIUS V. BASSETT
that impression, and these qualities are the ones that have brought him the confidence of his fellow Senators. He^
like the rest of us, makes mistakes, but they are always of the head, not of the heart."
Lucius Virginius Bassett was born in Tarboro, N. C, March 2nd 1861, and is a son of the late W. A. and Chloe
(Miller) Bassett. He read law at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and located in Rocky Mount for the
practice of his profession. While having been actively engaged in politics all the time, in his business and profess-
ional affairs, he has regarded the Law as a very jealous mistress and has freely given to her his full allegiance and
service at all times.
Possessing in all respects the ideal legal mind, and re-inforcing this with tireless energy and his natural high
sense of honor, and pride in the profound principles and great traditions of his profession, he has won a command-
ing position among the most eminent members of the Bar of Eastern North Carolina. He is at present Attorney for
the Bank of Rocky Mount and also a prominent director of that institution, which is the oldest and most noted finan-
cial institution in the city; he is Attorney for the Rocky Mount Mills, the largest manufacturing institution in the city;
Attorney for the Rocky Mount Homestead and Loan Association, the oldest concern of its class in the city; and en-
joys a large and lucrative practice among people in every walk of life. He was Attorney for the Board of County
Commissioners of Edgecombe for six years and surrendered this position when elected to the Senate of 1903. He
was also a member of the Boad of Elections for Edgecombe from its creation in 1899 until his first election to the
Senate, and was Chairman of this Board during eight of the ten years he was a member.
To find the beginning of Senator Bassett's splendid party service, one must needs go back to the year 1892,
twenty years ago, when he was elected a member of the Democratic Central Executive Committee, which had in
charge the campaign of that year in Edgecombe, this being the year of a magnificent Democratic victory, not only in
Edgecombe, but in North Carolina and the nation, Grover Cleveland being elected President for the second time,
and Elias Carr Governor of North Carolina. Ever since that time Senator Bassett has been growing in ability, use-
fulness and in the respect and admiration felt for him by all the people of the county and this section. During recent
years, his reputation has become State-wide, as a safe and useful legislator and a sane and effective leader in the
Senate of North Carolina. Elected to the Senate the first time in 1903, Mr. Bassett at once took rank as one of the
really big men in that body, a man whose views were always profoundly considered, and whose opinions" when ex-
pressed were always potent in the deliberations of the Chamber. Re-elected in 1910, Senator Bassett's influence in
the Senate of 1911 was an accentuation of his prominence in the previous Senate, and he was regarded as one of the
most potential of the group of Democratic leaders who shaped the important legislation of the General Assembly of
191 L He was Chairman of the Democratic Caucus of the Senate and was also Chairman of the Democratic Joint
Caucus of the Senate and the House, this position carrying with it the formal leadership of the legislature. It is a
very unusual occurrence for any one Senator to receive the honor of both these Chairmanships. Senator Bassett
was also Chairman of the Committee on the Revisal, and a member of the Judiciary Committee; of the Committee
on Appropriations, and on Finance, the next two ranking Committees of the Senate; of the Committees on Counties,
Cities and Towns; Legislative Appointment; Constitutional Amendments; Insurance; and of the Conference Com-
mittee on the part of the Senate to censiderand adjust the differences between the two Houses as to the provisions of
the Revenue and Machinery Acts. Senator Bassett was also Chairman of the Calendar Committee. This is a posi-
tion of the very greatest responsibility, in that it is the province of this committee (and most of the work devolves upon
the Chairman) to sift the wheat from the chaff in the last days of the legislature, when it is too late to refer the hund-
reds of bills awaiting passage, to the various Committees in regular order. The stamp of approval or disapproval
put upon any bill by the Calendar Committee, at this stage almost invariably means the life or death of such bill. It
is a splendid tribute to the great respect and regard in which Senator Bassett was held by his colleagues in the Sen-
ate, that he was made Chairman of this powerful committee; for none but the most trusted and capable leaders ever
receive this honor.
The Editors of this Work and the people of Rocky Mount and Edgecombe county take pride in presenting here
something of the record of Edgecombe's Senator; for the admiration the people have for his splendid ability, is only
equalled by their respect and regard for the man himself, for his clean and upright character, and for the
fidelity and efficiency with which he has met every trust that has ever been reposed in him, and has discharged every
civic duty that has ever devolved upon him.
Senator Bassett is ah influential member of the Masonic Fraternity, and an active force in local Sunday School
work, performing diligently and faithfully, the full duties of true manhood and fine citizenship. His forceful person-
ality is enlisted in favor of every proper cause, as it is given him to see it
BULLUCK, P HILIPS & COMPANY
Rocky Mount's Leading Furniture and Undertaking House
No business concern in Rocky Mount has a cleaner
or more successful record than that of Bulluck, Philips
& Company. The firm is composed of Messrs. W. A.
Bulluck, D. K. Styles and W. B. Philips, three of the
ablest, most respected and most popular of this city's
younger business men. Messrs. Bulluck and Styles
with Mr. G. B. Byrd, who was their partner at that
time, founded this business January 1st, 1906, underthe
name of Bulluck, Bvrd & Company, the name being
changed to Bulluck, Philips & Company in 1907 when
Mr. Philips purchased the interest of Mr. Byrd.
Though Messrs. Bulluck and Styles, the active
managers, are yet young men, Mr. Styles being thirty-
two and Mr. Bulluck twenty-seven years of age, they
are now the oldest furniture dealers in the city, having
been actively engaged in this business since 1902. Their
phenomenal and substantial growth has carried them in
the five years since the establishment of the present firm
from the comparatively small Barnes Building, a
wooden structure, to the larger store at 115 Washing-
ton St., and thence to the magnificent quarters they
Their stock of furniture and of everything that
goes to furnish an elegant modern home is exceptionally
large and complete and of the highest grade. They
cater to people in every walk of life and keep a stock that will answer the de-
mands from the most inexpensive to the most expensive. When a customer
so desires, they will furnish his entire home complete on the basis of a small
payment down and a very small sum payable monthly thereafter. This gener-
ous custom of theirs has indeed been a blessing to scores of homes that were
not able to command the necessary money to pay all cash for iheir furniture.
The kindness and liberality this firm has shown to hundreds of customers in
this respect is one of the secrets of their popularity. They also have a com-
plete embalming and undertaking department with a full line of coffins and
caskets and all undertakers' supplies, including the finest hearse in the city.
Mr. Styles, who assists in the undertaking department, is thoroughly competent
and experienced, having taken a special course in embalming in the Renourd
Training School for Embalmers, in New York. This firm also has the only
morgue in the city, located on their third floor.
The story of the success of this concern and of these young men is one of
the most remarkable in the annals of Rocky Mount. By square business
methods, upright life and splendid business capacity they have created one of
the very largest and strongest furniture businesses in Eastern North Carolina.
They occupy at present four floors of the large, modern Shore Building, and
also occupy a large part of the Barnes Building on East Washington street, and
of the store-room on Washington St., recently vacated by Gorham-Matthews
Hardware Company, and are using approximately twenty-five thousand square
feet of floor space.
Messrs. Bulluck, Styles and Philips are all native born Rocky Mount men,
and they have, by sheer ability, unfailing courtesy and square methods, attained
their present enviable standing in the business circles of the city.
The people of Rocky Mount, recognizing Mr. Bulluck's fine ability and pub-
lic spirit, elected him a member of the Board of Aldermen in June 1910. In
this position he served with much usefulness until his removal from the ward
MR. W. A. BULLUCK.
from which he had been elected, Mr. Bul-
luck was educated in the schools of Rocky
Mount, and in his boyhood worked in the
brokerage business with his uncle at Scot-
land Neck, N. C. Returning to Rocky
Mount, he received four years, experience
in the furniture business as salesman for
Philips & Dowdy up to the time he went
into business for himself.
Mr. Styles knows the furniture busi-
ness in all its details and has well earned
the success that has come to him winning
at the same time the respect and esteem of
everybody with whom he has come in con-
With these three alert, aggressive and
successful young business men behind it,
and with the marked prominence already
achieved, the future of the firm of Bulluck,
Philips & Company is particularly bright
and its usefulness to Rocky Mount very
MR. D. K. STYLES
MR. W. B. PHILIPS
J F BISHOP JR.
JNO N. BATTS
Selling force for Bulluck, Philips & Co.
ROCKY MOUNT SHOE COMPANY
One of the Largest and Highest Class Shoe Stores in North Carolina
INTERIOR VIEW OF ROCKY MOUNT SHOE CO. STORE.
The Rocky Mount Shoe Company began
business in Rocky Mount in the spring of 1907
and was incorporated under the laws of North
Carolina in 1910. Since it first opened in Rocky
Mount, this store has been one of the most pop-
ular business places in the city. They carry
only the highest class goods and cater always to
the best people. Their line of shoes, both as to
quality and as to the size of stock and complete-
ness of range in the different styles, sizes and
widths is not surpassed by any shoe store in
North Carolina. In the line of haberdashery
their prominence is undisputed, and the stock
they carry has become the last word in styles in
It is not too much to say in this connection
that there are few stores anywhere more artisti-
cally arranged or with neater and more inviting
appearance. The managers of this store realize
the fact that the public appreciates competent
and courteous service and a pleasant place in
which to shop, as well as goods of high quality.
The President of the Rocky Mount Shoe
Company is Mr. R. E. Roberson, a prominent
MR. P. L, TH1GPEN
MR. C F. GETSINCER
and wealthy citizen of Palmyra, N. C. Besides his interest in the Rocky Mount Shoe Company, Mr. Roberson is a
partner in the stores of Baker & Roberson at Palmyra and Harrison Bros. & Co., at Williamston. He has also
large and lucrative farming interests.
The Secretary and Treasurer of the Rocky Mount Shoe Company is Mr. C. F. Getsinger, who is a native of
Jamesville, N. C, having been born March 24th, 1881. Mr. Getsinger came to Rocky Mount in 1907 as Mr. Rober-
son's associate, to take charge of the Rocky Mount Shoe Company and it is to his fine business ability and uniform
courtesy, that a large portion of the success of this company is due. Both in a business and a social way, Mr. Get-
singer is one of the most popular and respected of Rocky Mount's younger business men. Mr. Getsinger is an
active member of the First Methodist Church of Rocky Mount and of the Pythian Fraternity.
Mr. Percy L. Thigpen, the Vice-President of the Rocky Mount Shoe Company, was born near Tarboro, January
20th, 1884, and came of a prominent Edgecombe county family. He came to Rocky Mount in October 1904 as a
salesman for The Blount Cympany which position he occupied with eminent satisfaction to his employers until
January 1st, 1910. On this latter date, he became interested in the Rocky Mount Shoe Company and was elected Vice-
President of the same and one of its active managers. Mr. Thigpen is thoroughly conversant with the details and
responsibilities of the business and by his straight-forward methods and courteous and upright bearing has won the
respect and esteem of a large circle of friends in this city and thereby contributed materially to the success of this
All in all, it might be said that with two young and aggressive businessmen of sterling character in charge like
Mr. Getsinger and Mr. Thigpen, The Rocky Mount Shoe Company was bound to succeed, and the prominent posi-
tion this firm now occupies in the retail business circles of the city is therefore not a matter of wonder.
GRIFFIN'S DRUG STORE
INTERIOR VIEW GRIFFIN'S DRUG STORE
MR. HUGH A. GRIFFIN. Manager
Griffin's Drug Store was one of the earliest business houses established in the
city, then a village of only a few hundred inhabitants. In 1885 Mr. J. M. Griffin,
a young man of Washington, N. C, acquired the business from Dr. Powell, for
whom he had previously clerked. He soon became widely known and loved by
all his patrons for his kindly and courteous manner and his unwavering loyalty to
their interest and welfare. Under his hustling and energetic management the
business grew and prospered, and became known to the people throughout
Since the death of Mr. Griffin in 1901 the business has continued to be run
under the old name so well known to the whole community, and with the same
attention to its old policy of reliability and accuracy, promptness and courtesy.
The present manager, Mr. H. A. Griffin is a son of the founder and former
owner, and a young man of exceptional ability and personality. He graduated
with honors from the College of Pharmacy at the University of North Carolina, in
1908 and was licensed in the same year. Mr. Griffin is ably assisted by Mr.
George Hart, a registered druggist, for years associated with the Thomas Drug
Co., of Duke, N. C, Mr. E. V. Woodard and Mr. J. M. Griffin.
During the twenty five years of its active business this house has kept abreast
of all modern methods, and has ever stood for the best interest of the community
and the developement of the city. No better criterion of its honesty and reliability
could be cited than that of its continued growth, and the fact that no error has ever
occurred in the whole course of twenty-five years of active business to mar its record.
A business house of unusual stability, striving for the end of the mutual advantage
of itself, and its patrons, with reliability and accuracy as its motto, this firm has
had a larger part in our great growth and prosperity as a city.
GEM THEATRE— Rocky M ount's Popular Playhouse
One of the innovations that have b2;n introdu;ed within the past few years, and which have become very popu-
lar, are the moving picture theatres. From the beginning it was seen that these theatres were not only a source of
much innocent diversion and pleasure, at a minimum cost,
but were really important educational factors to the large
body of people who patronize them, giving them an insight
and a knowledge of the physical parts of the different
countries and cities of the world and of historical incidents
that cannot fail to be understood by even the most un-
The Gem Theatre in Rocky Mount, owned and operated
by Messrs. W. F. Swaringen and J. A. Edgerton, is one
of the most efficiently conducted and popular of these
playhouses in the eastern section of North Carolina. Here
are shown not only several new films of attractive pictures
every night, but a class of vaudeville performances that
are really creditable to a theatre where the admission price
is as low as it is here, five, ten and fifteen cents.
Mr. Swaringen is one of the best known and most capa-
gem theatre bl e vaudeville managers in the South and is also the head
of the Carolina Booking Exchange, which has its main office in Charlotte, with a branch office in Rocky Mount,
managed by Mr. J. A. Edgerton, and books performances for a chain of theatres that reach all the way from Virginia
to middle Georgia. In addition to his theatre in Rocky Mount, Mr. Swaringen owns and operates the Orpheum
Theatre, in Charlotte, N. C, which is the headquarters of his booking business. Mr. Swaringen was formerly well
known in the North Carolina newspaper field, being for a number of years editor and owner of the Edenton Trans-
cript. He left the newpaper business to enter the amusement world about two years ago and the success he has
won in his new field in so short a time is proof that he possesses ability of more than ordinary class. Mr. Edger-
ton looks after the management of the Gem Theatre in this city.
RESIDENCE OF HON. F. S. SPRUILL
MR. M. V. BARNHILL
MR. M. V. BARNHILL
U. S. Commissioner and Attorney At Law
The subject of this sketch, Mr. Maurice Victor Barnhill, is one of the
most prominent of the younger members of the Rocky Mount and Nash
Mr. Barnhill was born in Enfield, Halifax County, N. C, December 5th,
1887 and is therefore only twenty-three years old. He is a son of Martin V.
and Mary (Dawes) Barnhill, his mother being a sister of Senator John Dawes
of Elm City, N. C. ^ n . , , . lU
Mr. Barnhill was educated in the Enfield Graded Schools and in the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
During 1907 when only twenty years old, he was Assistant Cashier of
the Toisnot Banking Company of Elm City, N. C, making an enviable
record in the short time he was engaged in the banking business. Going
back to Chapel Hill, he read the prescribed course in Law, and was licensed
to practice by the Supreme Court of North Carolina in February 1909. He
immediately located in Raieigh for the practice of his profession forming a
copartnership with Mr. Walter H. Grimes, a leading young attorney of the
Capital city. Mr. Barnhill practiced law in Raleigh until March 1910, when
he came to Rocky Mount to permanently locate.
Here, Mr. Barnhill is by his close application, upright life and fine ability,
achieving success, and has already built up a nice practice within this short
During the campaign of 1910, he was appointed by the Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee,
leader tor Nash County of the Young Men's Movement which contributed materially to the great Democratic victory
won in North Carolina and the nation last year.
In February 1911, as a further recognition of Mr. BarnhiU's ability and fine character, he was appointed U S
Commissioner byU. S. Judge Connor, and is filling this position with credit to himself, and with Ihorough satisfac-
tion to the governmental authorities.
Mr. Barnhill is at present, Attorney for a number of corporations, including the Sharpsburg Banking Company,
the town of Sharpsburg, the town of Elm City, and the Toisnot Banking Company of Elm City. He is regarded
among the profession as a very promising practitioner, one who holds in high regard and respect, the ideals and
ethics of his profession, and withal, possesses those sterling qualities of character which must constitute the founda-
tion of success in any walk of life.
Mr. Barnhill is unmarried.
His offices are over Kyser's Drug Store in the central section of the city.
MR. LEIGH DAVIS BULLUCK
Proprietor of Bulluck's Garage, Bulluck's Automobile Training School, and Rocky Mount's Leading Automobile
Expert and Dealer. Cars For Sale, Hire and Exchange
One of the most striking effects of the building of good roads in the surrounding country and the paving of the
streets of Rocky Mount has been seen in the great increase in popularity of automobiles as a means of transit during
the past few years, and in the great number of machines that are now owned by citizens of Rocky Mount.
The leading automobile dealer in the city is Mr. L. D. Bulluck, and his garage in the Rose building on Main
street, is one of the largest in Eastern North Carolina. On one floor he has approximately 6,500 square feet of floor
space, with cement floor, sufficient to store comfortably, forty cars, and an average of fifteen cars can be found in this
garage every night.
The famous Overland, Oakland, Reo, Brush, Hupmobile and E. M. F. cars are here stored and handled.
Mr. Bulluck's automobile repair department is one of the most complete and efficient in North Carolina. He
employs only expert machinists, and all the work done is the very best that skill and the utmost care can produce.
He carries a full line of all accessories and also a complete line of tubes and casings to fit any car now in use. 5 per
cent discount is given for cash.
Another feature of this big establishment is a painting and finishing department, carrying an extensive line of
paints and crude material and employing an expert painter and finisher who has given his life to this business. This
department is prepared to do all kinds of painting and finishing, especially automobiles of all makes, carriages,
hearses; and repairs and refinishes high grade and antique furniture. The excellence of the work of this depart-
ment is well known and has been widely commented on.
Beginning the first of the present year, Mr. Bulluck has been conducting at his garage, an Automobile Training
School, which has been eminently successful so far, and is rapidly acquiring a reputation for thorough and conscien-
tious instruction both as to the mechanism of all makes of automobiles and in the capacity to handle them. Men
totally without experience are here put through a course of training that in a short time thoroughly fits them for any
class of service in the care and handling of automobiles.
Mr. Bulluck is one of the best known and most reliable automobile and mechanical experts in eastern North
Carolina. For twenty one years he has been engaged exclusively in business that has covered almcst every
department and class of mechanical work. His methods are direct, thorough and effective.
Mr. Leigh Davis Bulluck is a descendant of one of the oldest and most prom-
inent Edgecombe County families, which has long been widely connected and
closely identified with the county's business and social life. Mr. Bulluck himself
was born in Halifax County, January' 22nd 1863. His father moved back to
LEIGH DAVIS BULLLCK
Edgecombe in 1866. Mr. Bulluck's early life was spent
on the farm, where he imbibed those elements of physical
and intellectual strength and vigor, which are rarely
gained elsewhere. Although he has been actively
engaged in the handling and operation of machinery
for the past two decades, he only entered the automo-
bile business in the spring of 1909, becoming a partner
at that time in the Rocky Mount Motor Car Company.
His present business was launched December 1st, 1909,
and its rapid growth and notable success are a splendid
tribute to a business generalship which has been able
to accomplish so much in so short a time. Being com-
paratively a new business, the success of an establish-
ment of the large proportions of The Bulluck Garage,
was regarded in the beginning as somewhat proble-
matical. However, Mr. Bulluck has conclusively proven
that it can succeed, and that Rocky Mount, The Gateway
City of Eastern North Carolina, is the proper place for
the automobile center of the eastern half of the state.
So rapidly has Mr. Bulluck's out-of-town business
interior view eulluck-s garage grown, that he has found it necessary to employ an
automobile and mechanical expert, whose business it is to hold himself subject to calls from other towns.
Mr. Bulluck was married December 31st 1903 in Mount Lebanon Church, Baltimore, Md., to Miss Mary Ketu-
rah Kelly of the distinguished Maryland family of that name. The birthplace of Mrs. Bulluck is in Somerset Co.,
on the eastern shore of Maryland. Mrs. Bulluck'is a lady of intellectual strength and charming grace, and with
generations of culture and refinement behind her, has naturally become a social favorite in Rocky Mount. Mr. and
Mrs. Bulluck have one child, a son, Master Leigh Davis Bulluck, Jr., who is an interesting and spirited young gen-
tleman of six years.
GEORGE T. BURNETTE.
Insurance, Real Estate And Bonds.
One of the fastest growing real estate, insurance and bonding businesses in Rocky Mount today is that of Mr.
George T. Burnette, whose offices are located on Main St., next to Kyser's Drug Company. This business was es-
tablished by Mr. Burnette in 1906, and each year has shown a steady and substantial growth in scope and in the
amount of business transacted. Mr. Burnette does a general insurance business in all its branches, including life,
fire, accident, burglary, health and plate glass. He represents the following, which are among the best standard fire
insurance companies in the world: The Royal Exchange of London, the Security of New Haven, the Spring Garden
of Philadelphia, Teutonia of New Orleans, Franklin of Philadelphia, Equitable Fire of Charleston, Central National
of Chicago, Monongahela of Pittsburg, Milwaukee Mechanics' of Milwaukee, Wis., and the Underwriters Fire of
Rocky Mount. In life and accident insurance he represents the State Life Insurance Company of Indiana, the
Travelers of Hartford, Conn., the Pennsylvania Casualty Company, and the National Surety Company, a leading
Mr. Burnette's real estate transactions are becoming of greater magnitude each year. He is now the manager
of the Villa Place Property, an extensive and most desirable residential section in the Western part of the city. There
are no more desirable lots for building purposes in Rocky Mount than the lots which are included in this property.
Mr. Burnette is a native of Castalia, Nash County, N. C, and was born May 26, 1879. He was educated in the
public schools of Nash County and when 19 years old, went to Florence, S. C, and established a hardware, plumb-
ing and tinning business, which he afterward sold to his brother. From that time (1902) until 1906 he was travelling
salesman for leading wholesale hardwire companies of Richmond and Charleston with headquarters at Florence and
Sumter, S. C, returning to his native county in 1906 and establishing his present business. He was married Jan.
1st, 1904 to Miss Blanche Lewis of Florence, S. C. Mr. Burnette is recognized as an insurance and real estate man
of splendid ability, and by his honorable business dealings and blameless life has acquired quite an enviable position
in the business world cf Rocky Mount.
INTERIOR VIEW OF MR. GEO. T. BURNETTE'S OFFICE
MR. GEO. T BLRNETTE
ABRAM BOOK COMPANY,
Rocky Mount people can indeed point with pride to the Abram Book Company. In neatness, inviting appear"^
ance, tasteful and artistic arrangement of the in j
terior, as well as for the skillful business insight
evidenced by the show windows, and the quality
and amount of stock carried, this store does not
have an equal in its class in North Carolina.
It is really a pleasure for any one who appreci-'
ates the artistic in life, to pay the store of Mr.
Abram a visit, fof not only will they find any 1
kind of literature desired, but his stock consists
of pictures of all descriptions, .novelties, picture 1
frames, brass and leather goods, and he adver-
tises' that he can sell anything to a business man
in the way of modern office conveniences. He'
also does' a Wholesale business in wrapping paper
and paper bags, and in fact does' a large out of
town business in all the lines.
Mf. Abram established this business in the :
Fall of 1909, ih the Planters Bank Building, but
his business' steadily grew Until he required
larger' quarters, and the first of the present year 1
he moved to his present large Store in the
Jenkins' Building on Tarboro Street, an interior"
view of which is given in this book.
interior view abram book company Mr. Abram is yet a young man, thirty one'
years of age, but is already a member of the Board of Aldermen of Rocky Mount, a position of much honor in thi£
city, and is performing well the public duties that have devolved upon him,
ROCKY MOUNT PEPSI-COLA BOTTLING COMPANY, Inc.
This Company is Rocky Mount's leading manufacturer of all kinds of soft drinks, the favorite product of the
Han, heing d*U* and Lversally enjoyed drink, Pepsi-Col, £*«^™tfg«£&!?& 'S
up an extensive and lucrative wholesale trade through-
out several counties surrounding Rocky Mount.
The company has a large and splendidly equipped
plant at the corner of Washington and Marigold
Streets, where they have every modern improve-
ment, and device to facilitate the rapid and sanitary
production of their numerous kinds of non-alcoholic
The one supreme object, towards which every
effort is directed at this plant, is absolute cleanliness
and purity of the drinks manufactured. The plant is
washed up every day and every utensil is thoroughly
sterlized. The water that is used is filtered by the
city of Rocky Mount, and in addition this Bottling
Plant has its own filtering system, and here the water
is filtered a second time, thus insuring the maximum
of purity. The bottles that are used go through
several processes of cleansing. First they stay in a
caustic soda solution for twenty minutes, which is
twice as strong as lye, and are washed three times in
three different streams of running water during which
process a rubber cleanser, operated by machinery,
scours the inside. After having gone through this
MR. GEORGE N. COOK, Manager
process, there is simply no question that they are entirely clean and sanitary. The
floor and syrup rooms receive daily attention, the floors being of cement with
running water at hand everywhere.
The stockholders in this concern are Messrs. George N. Cook, George L.
Morgan and J. D.Farrior, and the manager, as has been stated above, is Mr. Cook.
Mr. Cook is a native of Franklin County, N. C.,and was born March 23, 1883.
He was raised on the farm and received his education in the public schools of
Franklin County and at Richmond College. He came to Rocky Mount first in
January 1902, holding a position with Matthews, Weeks & Company, Wholesale
Grocers, and later for two years, was manager of a wholesale grocery concern in
Edenton, N. C, returning to Rocky Mount to accept a position with the Rocky
Mount Ice & Fuel Company. In January 1910, he purchased a large interest in
his present business, The Rocky Mount Pepsi-Cola Bottling Company, and was
elected its manager. In the management of the business Mr. Cook has evidenced
ability of a high order, the Company under his control having rapidly extended
its scope of operations and largely increased its trade. He is one of the most pop-
ular and most respected of the city's younger business element, being a member
of a number of clubs and fraternal organizations.
The non-alcoholic beverages manufactured by this Company are becoming
more and more popular in this territory, and as the trade becomes better and bet-
ter acquainted with the fine conditions prevailing at the plant, and with the abso-
lute cleanliness with which the drinks are manufactured, larger orders and a wider
popularity are the results.
ROCKY MOUNT'S FIVE AND TEN CENT
MR. HOWARD COHEN, Proprietor
MR. HOWARD COHEN
One of the centres of interest for the Rocky Mount shopping trade is Cohen's
Five and Ten Cent Store, situated on Main Street, two doors from the Post Office.
This store was established by Mr. Howard Cohen October 1st, on a very small
scale, it being a new thing to Rocky Mount. Mr. Cohen, who is a native of Sa-
vannah, Ga., and is now but twenty five years old, had previously been with the
Atlanta Store of S. H. Kress & Company, who operate Five, Ten and Twenty
Five Cent Stores all over the United States. Putting into practical use in Rocky
Mount, the ideas and experience he has gained while with Kress, Mr. Cohen has
built up his Rocky Mount business with wonderful rapidity. He carries now large
and varied lines making at least ten times the stock that he carried when he opened
business a year and half ago, and it is a very poorly informed person in Rocky
Mount or this whole surrounding territory who does not know of the Rocky Mount
Five and Ten Cent Store. That he has succeeded to such a large extent in so
short a time, is proof positive that Mr. Cohen not only knows his business but
possesses the ability and capacity to properly manage it with its thousand and one
details and worries.
Mr. Cohen, as has been stated was born in Savannah, Ga., and received his
education at the Poughkeepsie Military Academy, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
The assistant manager of the store is Miss Lena Powell, a gifted and attractive
young lady with a good business head. She is a daughter of Mr. W. F. Powell,
who came to Rocky Mount from Nashville, N. C. seven years ago. Miss Powell has been with Mr. Cohen ever
since the store opened, and it is but just to say that a good part of the credit for its success is due to her intelligent
and creditable work.
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INFERIOR VIEW FIVE AND TEN CENT STORE
JOHN C. STOUT
Architect and Builder
RESIDENCE OF MR. J. C. STOUT
Few, if any, architects in N. C, are better
known or have a finer reputation, than John C.
Stout, of Rocky Mount. A thorough master of
his craft, and adding to this the strength of high
character and excellent business ability, he has
won the confidence of a wide and select clientele
throughout this and other states.
Among the buildings which he has designed
in Rocky Mount are the residences of Mr. T. J.
Hackney, Mr. J. C. Braswell, Mr. D. D. Cuth-
rell, Hon. F. S. Spruill, Capt. John D. Bulluck,
Jr., Isaac Levy, The First National Bank Build-
ing, Philips Building and other buildings too
numerous to mention.
Mr. Stout is a prominent member of the
Masonic Order, being a Past Master of St.
John's Lodge No. 1 Wilmington, N. C. He is
also a Knight Templar and Shriner and a 32nd
MR. T. L. WORSLEY
MR. T. L. WORSLEY
Groceries, Clothing and General Merchandise
A Popular and Fast Growing Store
This is one of the most popular grocery stores in the city and a great center
for the general country trade. The proprietor and manager is Mr. T. L. Worsley,
one of the best known and most respected citizens of the city. Mr. Worsley
established his present business in the year 1899 on Washington Street, just a few
doors from the large place he now occupies. Each year since, the business has
shown a substantial growth, and each year has seen a broadening of its trade and
an increase in popularity. These facts are accounted for by the unvarying polite-
ness and consideration shown his customers by Mr. Worsley and his assistants,
and by his policy of square dealing and of rendering absolute satisfaction to every-
body who trades at his store. He carries a large stock of general merchandise,
including clothing, dry goods,- hats, shoes and notions, and one of the most com-
plete and up to date stocks of groceries in Rocky Mount.
Mr. Worsley, himself, is a native of Rocky Mount, having been born almost
within sight of the city, on May 22, 1868. He comes of sturdy Edgecombe
County parentage, and in his business affairs he has shown evidences of fine
ability, which have won for him a prominent place in the business life of this com-
munity. Leaving the farm, Mr. Worsley first entered the leaf tobacco business in
Rocky Mount, and was successfully engaged in that business until 1899, when he
established his present business. He was married December 28, 1898 to Miss
Annie Madry, of Scotland Neck, N. C. Mr. and Mrs, Worsley have two children.
Mr. Worsley is assisted in his business by Messrs. J. T. D. Avent of the prominent Nash County family of that
name, H. Z. Luper, and L. E. Sumner, who is also a native of Rocky Mount. Mr. Worsley's efficient and popular
bookkeeper is Miss Mattie Avent, daughter of Mr. J. T. D. Avent. Two delivery boys are employed by the store
all the time, as Mr. Worsley makes it his policy to deliver promptly and without cost, all merchandise ordered by his
customers in the city. The phone numbers are 153 and 270.
INTERIOR VIEW MR. T. L. WORSLEY'S STORE
MR. E. EPSTEIN
Clothing, Shoes and Haberdashery
This is one of the leading clothing stores, not only of Rocky Mount, but of all
this section of the State.
Mr. Epstein carries such well-known and popular lines as Kuppenheimer
Clothing, Edwin Clapp Shoes, Hawes Hats and Eclipse Shirts, and has an enviable
patronage among the higher classes of the trade, to whom he especially caters.
The present clothing house of E. Epstein was established in Rocky Mount in
March 1905, Mr. Epstein coming here from Goldsboro, where he had previously
been in business with his brother, under the firm name of Epstein Bros.
By his upright life, splendid ability, and honorable business methods, he has
built a reputation for his store in Rocky Mount, the value of which it is hard to
Carrying an immense stock of the highest quality in every line, and honestly
representing every article sold, his popularity is not to be wondered at.
As a citizen of Rocky Mount, Mr. Epstein is useful and forceful, and his public spirit is well-known. Every
movement having for its object the progress of the city, can always count upon his substantial support. He was one
of the promoters and is a charter member of the present Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce.
Mr. Epstein has a handsome residence at the corner of Franklin St., and Western Avenue where he and his
MR. E. EPSTEIN
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INTERIOR VIEW OF MR. E. EPSTEIN'S STORE
MR. GEORGE F. HARRELL
MR. GEO. F. HARRELL
Proprietor of the Leading Bicycle and Sporting Goods
The store of George F. Harrell, on Main Street, has become within the past
few years, one of the best and most favorably known stores of its class in eastern
North Carolina. The extent and diversity of the stock carried has brought almost
every citizen of this section in touch with this business in one way or another,
and the uniform courtesy, square dealing and fair prices which have characterized
all of Mr. Harrell's business transactions with the public have made his store very
popular with all classes of the trade.
It is probable that nowhere else in this section of the state can so complete
and high class lines of the goods carried, be found. The lines include bicycles of
the following standard makes: Racycle, Rambler, Cleveland, Reading Standard,
Iver Johnson, Eagle; Edison Phonographs and Victor Talking Machines from
the cheapest to the costliest types; Eastman Kodaks; Spaulding's Baseball and
sporting goods; tennis goods; shot guns and rifles in all the standard makes; revol-
vers; full stock of up-to-date phonograph records; numerous lines that are usually
found in a regular hardware store, and a full line of electrical equipment and appa-
ratus. The electrical department of this store has lately grown into an important
division, and is doing inside wiring in some of the most elegant Rocky Mount
In addition to his electrical department, Mr. Harrell also conducts the most
complete bicycle and mechanical repair department in the city, employing expert
mechanics and doing a grade of work that is eminently satisfactory to his patrons.
This large business has been built up within the past three
and one-half years, and it is but just to the man whose brains
and energy created it, to say that with its thousands of details,
it has required a high order of ability, originality and fine busi-
ness management, and its success today is a proof that those
qualities are combined in Mr. Harrell, who though very unas-
suming, has come to be regarded as a safe and excellently
equipped business man, in the trade circles of the city.
Mr. Harrell is a native of Gates county, N. C, born April
8, 1880. In his early youth, he left the farm on which he was
reared and went to Portsmouth, Va., to work for his uncle. He
entered business for himself first at Pinners Point, Va., in 1901,
opening a sporting goods store, which he conducted until his
desire for a larger field and better opportunities brought him to
Rocky Mount in the fall of 1907. Mr. Harrell has, therefore,
spent his whole business life thus far in the same business in
which he is now engaged, another proof of the fact that this is a
day of specialists, and that to succeed it is almost invariably
necessary to choose a vocation and then stick to it. Mr. Harrell
. has done that, and has succeeded, and according to all indications,
Interior View of Mr. G. F. Harrell s Store the future holds for him yet a greater measure of success.
Besides his qualitiesas a business man, Mr. Harrell is a good citizen, always being willing to contribute his part
to any movement that will benefit his adopted city. He is respected and esteemed by a large and increasing number
of friends, and acquaintances, aside from the hundreds of pleased and satisfied customers whose names are on his
THORPE & RICKS— Leaf Tobacco
ROCKY MOUNT, N. C.
Tobacco Prizery of Thorpe O. RicKs
the manufacturer and dealer to buy on Rocky Mount Market because our tobacco is of superior' quafi'ty',
the farmer to sell on Rocky Mount Market because prices are steady and always as high as others,
THE ROCKY MOUNT HOMESTEAD & LOAN ASSOCIATION
The Oldest and Largest Institution of Its Kind in Rocky Mount
Is Rapidly Making Rocky Mount A City of
After ail said, there is probably no more useful institution in Rocky Mount today than the Rocky Mount Home-
stead & Loan Association. This association offers one of ihe best plans yet devised for investment of savings, and
especially for those who wish to invest their savings in the building of a home. This company was organized in
1902, and it would be very difficult to estimate with any degree of accuracy the large number of people that it has
made home-owners* and the number of salaried people whom it has enabled to get together their first nest eggs. It
is a strictly local institution, having for its sole object the promotion of habits of saving and thrift among our people,
and leading them to practice economy with a view of owning their own homes and becoming independent. The of-
ficers of this company, who are among the leading business men and capitalists of this section, serve the association
entirely without pay, and in every respect the expenses are reduced to a minimum. It is a splendid tribute to the
unselfish and capable service rendered by the managers of this institution, that never in its history has this associ-
ation lost a penny. One reason for this is that it is a fixed rule of this institution that before any loan is made, not
only all the officers, but every director, must pass upon it; and the approval must be unanimous, or the loan does
not go through. Every cent of the money paid in by the shareholders is kept continually at work, as the officers do
not believe in the policy of carrying a large unnecessary balance in the bank, which would draw no interest. In this
way, everv precaution and safeguard is thrown around the money of the shareholders in order that it may not only
be perfectly safe against loss, but that il may earn the largest possible dividends.
The growth of this association has been rapid and substantial. At its organization there Were less than four
hundred subscribers. Now, there are thirty-five hundred shares in force, and six hundred shares have been matured
and cancelled, the association paying out to its shareholders within the past two years, ($60,000.00) sixty thousand
dollars. The officers and directors of this association have been referred to in this book in connection with other
enterprises, with which they are actively connected, and no sketch of them will be attempted here. It suffices to say
that all the offices and directors are known to the public as men of large interests and fine ability, in whose integrity
the people of Rocky Mount have every confidence.
To Mr. R. L. Huffines, to whose initiative and promotion the existence of this most useful concern is due more
than to any other cause, a large share of the credit for its fine and Worthful accomplishments must be given.
The full list of the officers and directors of this assDciation are as follows: President, Mr. Thomas H Battle;
Vice-President, Mr. W. H. Newell; Secretary & Treasurer, Mr. R. L. Huffines; Directors. Messrs. A. P. Thorpe,
John M. Donlan, W. H. Newell, M. Oppenheimer, J. Q. Robinson, R. M. Will : ams. E. W. Smith, Thomas H. Bat-
tle, W. F. James and R. L. Huffines.
ROCKY MOUNT INSURANCE & REALTY
Insurance, Real Estate, Bonds, Loans, Rental Agents.
One of the Strongest Real Estate and Insurance Organi-
zations in Eastern Carolina, and the Oldest in
Few, if any, business organizations have been more intimately concerned and active in the growth and progress
of Rocky Mount during the past decade than the Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Co., and its predecessors, Battle
& Huffines, and Huffines & Davis. This Company is, perhaps, the largest and most extensive dealer in real estate
in this section of North Carolina, buying and selling on commission and also for investment. They handle an im-
mense amount of city property annually and many thousand acres of land outside of the city, extending over several
counties and even in other states, in fact, wherever it appears profitable to them to deal.
Every branch and character of insurance is done here, and the volume of their insurance business has grown to
such proportions that they rank among the first concerns of this character in North Carolina. They represent thirty
of the leading fire insurance companies of the world, writing a great volume of business not only in life and fire, but
in burglary, accident, steam boilers, plate glass liability, and other forms of insurance. Their fire insurance business
actually extends from the mountains to the sea, and they write quite a large amount of insurance in Wilmington,
Asheville and other leading cities of the state outside of Rocky Mount. Their rental department, established in
October, 1908, has become a very important feature of the business, and a large proportion of the most select and
valuable property in the city is rented and the rents collected through their agency.
In addition to their insurance, real estate and rental departments, they maintain and conduct one of the largest
loan departments in the city, lending money on real estate, abstracting the titles and absolutely guaranteeing all the
loans they make. During the past year they have placed in this community, on real estate, loans to the amount of
approximately one hundred thousand dollars from money obtained for this purpose from the insurance companies
which they represent and other sources. To show the splendid ability displayed in the management of this business
it might be stated that since its organization in 1906 it has never paid less than ten per cent annual dividends, some-
time going above that figure, and at the same time it has in addition accumulated a surplus that is now almost equal
to the capital, which is ($25,000.00) twenty-five thousand dollars.
As has been stated, the predecessors of this company were Battle & Huffines, organized in 1900, and doing then
an insurance business exclusively; and Huffines & Davis, a firm that was organized in 1904 and whose business the
present company took over. The founder, general manager and moving spirit of this company always has been and
is now Mr. R. L. Huffihes, one of the most versatile, forceful and successful business men in this section of the state.
As an insurance man, Mr. Huffines is known over several states as one of the ablest and most successful in the bus-
iness. The large and profitable deals in real estate, which he is constantly engineering and consummating for his
company, have placed him in the front ranks of Eastern Carolina real estate operators.
Mr. Huffines is a native of Rockingham County, N. C, and was born in 1873. He was educated at Oak Ridge
Institute, and came to Rocky Mount in 1893 when twenty years of age. Since that time he has thoroughly identified
himself with and contributed a considerable share in all the developments and progressive steps that have made
Rocky Mount the progressive city it is today. Mr. Huffines was married in 1898 to Miss Carrie Whitehead, the at-
tractive and gifted daughter of the late lamented Dr. W. H. Whitehead, who had won eminence in his profession in
this city, having been at one time President of the Medical Examining Board of North Carolina. Mr. and Mrs. Huf-
fines have four children, and have a beautiful and commodious home at the corner of Franklin Street and Sunset
Ave., in a select residential section of the city.
A full list of the officers of the Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Company is as follows: President, Mr. Thomas
H. Battle; Vice President and General Manager, Mr. R. L. Huffines; Secretary and Treasurer, Mr. J. A. Smith;
Attorney, Hon. W. L. Thorpe; Adjuster, Mr. Benjamin M. Brothers; Manager of Rental Department, Mr. L. Red-
mond; Stenographer, Miss Maude Philips; Directors, Messrs. T. J. Hackney, W. L. Groom, John M. Donlan, F.
C. Ferguson, P. C. Shore, Paul W. Schenck, G. T. Matthews, W. L. Thorpe, Thomas H. Battle and R. L. Huffines.
To the thousands who know the men named above on the Board of Directors, and as Officers, the strength and
entire reliability of this company will become patent at a glance. They are men who have been at the helm all the
way from the time Rocky Mount was a village until the present time, and represent resources that it would be hard
to calculate. Something of most of them is told elsewhere in the book in connection with the sketches of other large
interests with which they are actively connected.
The Secretary and Treasurer of the Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Company is Mr. James Addison Smith,
one of the most popular young business men in the city, competent and reliable in every respect, and possessing the
full confidence of his business associates. Mr. Smith is a native of Swansonville, Pittsylvania County, Va., and was
born on October 23, 1883. He came to Tarboro, N. C. in 1902, accepting a position with the Pamlico Insurance &
Banking Company of that town. He came to Rocky Mount February 1, 1906 to assume the position which he now
occupies. His fine business Qualities and excellent character, together with his uniform courtesy, have given him a
secure position in Rocky Mount social and business circles. He is a member of the Elks and Pythian Fraternities.
The Company's Adjuster, Mr. Benjamin M. Brothers, is a man of fine business sagacity, and is rendering the
company very satisfactory service in a very difficult and responsible position. He first became connected with this
company in 1909. He is employed the major portion of his time as Adjuster for the companies in the settlement of
losses in Eastern Carolina and also acts as assistant to Mr. Huffines in the management of the insurance department.
Mr. Brothers came here from Richmond, Va., his home, where he was formerly connected with the Virginia State
Insurance Company, and with the insurance department of the Virginia-Carolina Chemical Company. He brought
a very fine record to Rocky Mount, and the work he has done since he came here has proven that he was worthy of it.
The manager of the Rental Department, Mr. H. L. Redmond, is a native of Edgecombe County, and was born
near Tarboro on May 4, 1881. Mr. Redmond was raised on the farm and acquired those sturdy qualities of charac-
ter that are usually won by such a life. He came to Rocky Mount in 1910 to accept his present position, and is
making a fine record as one of the best, most efficient and most effective collectors in the city.
The stenographer of the Company, and one of its most valued employees, is Miss Maude Philips, daughter of
the late Mr. lohn W. Philips of Edgecombe County. Miss Philips was educated at the famous school of St. Mary s
in Raleigh, N. C, and has been with Mr. Huffines in his insurance and other business since April 15, 1901. She
understands the business thoroughly, is devoted to the interests of the company, and withal possesses excellent busi-
ness judgment. These facts have given her a standing with the company that is rarely attained by stenographers,
and it would be hard to estimate the great value and advantage of her long service and loyalty to the interests of Mr.
Huffines and of the company.
The offices of the Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Company are in the Bank of Rocky Mount Building on
Main Street next to the Postoffice.
Bank of Rocky Mount and Offices of Rocky Mount Insurance & Realty Co.
GASTON G. LEVY & BRO.
One of the Leading Grocery Con-
cerns of thi s City
The firm of Gaston G. Levy & Bro. began business
in Rocky Mount in the year 1898, being composed of
Mr. Gaston G. Levy, who has all the time been the
active manager of the concern, with the late Mr. Louis
C. Levy, his brother, as his silent partner. It is not
too much to say that nowhere in this section of the State
can be found a grocery concern that carries a more com-
plete stock or that has a wider and more select patron-
age than the firm of Gaston G. Levy & Bro. Besides
being always large and complete, the stock is kept always
fresh, and the customers of this store always feel sure
that whatever they buy here is not only of the best qual-
ity and at reasonable prices, but that the same will be
Mr. Gaston G. Levy, the active manager of the busi-
iNiF.RicRviFW gaston g l tvv S. EFO -s stcre ness, has lived in Rocky Mount since his early boyhood,
and in addition to possessing splendid business ability, he has so lived and conducted himself as to gain the respect
and warm esteem of the business circles of Rocky Mount and of the people generally. Mr. Levy is thirty-seven years
old The silent partner in this firm, as stated above, has been Mr. Louis C. Levy, of whom mention is made in the
story elsewhere in this book of Braswell & Levy, Leaf Tobacco Dealers, in which firm he was also a partner. He
died Feb. 25, 1911, as universally mourned and lamented as any citizen this city ever possessed.
Mr. Gaston G. Levy will continue to conduct the business in the future under the same firm name, and will keep
it at the same high standard of success and efficiency with which it has been conducted heretofore. The store is
located on Main Street between Kyser's Drug Store and the Post Office, and the 'phone numbers are 197 and 298.
MR. W. E. McLEMORE
Chapman & McLemore.
This well known tailoring firm is com-
posed of Mr. G. Badger Chapman and
Mr. William E. McLemore. They not
only do the largest tailoring business in
Rocky Mount, but have probably the
largest business of this kind in this section
of the State. With ample capacity and a
large and well situated display room at 109
W. Tarboro St., with ample and commo-
dious tailoring shops on the second floor,
they carry a beautiful and extensive line
of woolens that is always up to the minute
and represents all the prevailing styles and
shades. The quality of their tailoring is
well known in Rocky Mount and through-
out a territory that reaches to a great dis-
tance in each direction from the city. They
make the clothes of the people who know
how clothes ought to be made, and the
one rule of the shop is that every customer
must be satisfied in every detail of the suit
that this firm builds for him. Ladies' Tail-
oring is one of the firm's specialties.
MR. BADGER CHAPMAN
Mr. Chapman is a young man of fine parts and
is a native of this section. He was educated at the
Warrenton High School and at one of the best business
colleges in the United States, at Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
This is his first venture in business of this character, as
he has only recently purchased a half interest in this
business. To those who know his excellent business
qualities and good judgment, a successful future seems
assured for him.
Mr. W. E. McLemore has been a resident of Rocky
Mount for ten years, coming here in 1901. He is a
native of Chesterfield County, S. C, where he was born
May 11th, 1873. He was reared on the farm and devel-
oped there certain qualities of character, including
energy, tenacity and industry which have stood him in
good stead in his business career. Later, Mr. McLemore
was connected with a laundry in Charlotte for some
time, and was manager of a laundry in Augusta, Ga.,
for a space of one year. During the first few years
of his residence in Rocky Mount, he was manager and
owner of the Pearl Steam Laundry. Disposing of his
interest in the laundry, seven years ago, he entered
interior view chapman & McLemore the ta ji or j ng business in which he has been engaged
ever since. Mr. McLemore is known as an expert and conscientious craftsman who is thoroughly conversant with
every process involved in the building of a fashionable and satisfactory suit of clothes. The large and select patron-
age he has won in Rocky Mount and in this section is ample proof of this fact.
With Mr. Chapman as partner and in the large and more commodious place of business to which they have
recently moved, they have a right to expect a still larger measure of success for the firm.
Residence of MR. W. H. NEWELL
MR. H. S. POOL
Architect and Contractor
On this page is shown the home of Mr. H. S. Pool, who is both an architect and contractor, having had four-
teen years' practical experience in these lines, and he thoroughly understands how to prepare plans for, or to erect, or
both, any kind of building. He has made plans and con-
tracted for some of the city's handsomest residences, as well as
buildings of other character, and also this is true of other places,
he having done a large amount of work in his line in nearby
cities and towns.
He is prepared to submit estimates for any kind of residence,
store or manufacturing plant. On another page is shown the
residence of Mr. W. H. Newell, which was designed and built
by Mr. Pool, and which is one of the handsomest in our city.
A few of the buildings erected by Mr. Pool are the Farmer's
Warehouse, remodeling of the Episcopal Church parsonage,
Baptist Church at Spring Hope, the residences of Messrs. Tom
and Jim Hines and T. A. Brinkley, in this city, and the resi-
dence of Mr. W. B. Bobbitt, at Enfield. Mr. Pool's strongest
testimonials are from those for whom he has worked.
As reference as to Mr. Pool's responsibility he gives The
residence of mr. h. s. pool First National Bank, of Rocky Mount.
MR. G. F. JONES
One of Rocky Mount's Leading and Most Popular Grocers
INTERIOR VIEW OF MR. G. F. JONES' STORE
There is no more complete and up-to-date
grocery store in Eastern Carolina than that of Mr.
G. F. Jones, situated at No. 123 South Main
Street, Rocky Mount, N. C. Mr. Jones carries
in stock everything that is included in the highest
grade lines of the grocery business. His store
was established in the year 1886, and is therefore
one of the oldest grocery stores in the city. Ap-
pealing always to those who are particular as to
the things they buy to eat, Mr. Jones has built up
a trade that is not only large and lucrative, but is
select and permanent. The cause of this can be
found in the unifqrm courtesy and politeness
shown the customers of this store through all the
years of its business life by Mr. Jones and his as-
sistants. The assistant manager of the store
now is Mr. W. F. Jones, a son of Mr. G.F.Jones.
Mr. W. F. Jones was born Feb. 28, 1886, and as
assistant to his father, has been in the grocery
business practically all his life, and has come to be
one of the most popular and capable salesman in
Notable points about this store are the attrac-
tive and well arranged window displays that are
MR. G. F. JONES
MR, W. F. JONES
always in evidence, the prompt filling of orders, the quick delivery, and the neat and well-kept appearance of the
stock, which is always fresh and up-to-date. Mr. Jones, himself, is a native of Nash County, and was born in 1864.
By his clean life and honorable business methods he has won high standing in the trade circles of the city, and what
his customers think of him is shown by the fact that when once a person trades with him, that person almost invari-
ably becomes a regular customer. One good reason for this fact is that every patron of this store feels absolutely
assured that whatever they buy will come to them just as represented, the best in that particular line, and that the
same will be accurately charged. This is a great consideration for those who have monthly grocery accounts, and
it gives the customers a comfortable feeling to know that at the end of the month a bill will be rendered them for
just exactly what they bought, at the price they bought it, no more and no less.
Some of the leading articles carried by this popular grocery supply house are Gold Medal Coffee, Libby's
Canned Meats, Rob Roy, Lotus and Ballard's Obelisk Flours, Heinze's Sweet and Sour Pickles, Preserves, Ketch-
ups and Sauces.
These are only a few things that are carried by this store, and are simply given here as an indication of the high
class goods that are kept by this store in every department of the grocery business. Mr. Jones buys his fancy
groceries from Austen, Nichols & Co., Francis H. Leggett, & Co., and R. C. Williams & Co., the best three whole-
sale grocery firms in New York. Another thing that has often been commented on is the fact that Mr. Jones has at
all times sufficient help to guarantee that every order given will be filled promptly, and from stock that is always
fresh and calculated to afford his customers the highest degree of satisfaction.
The telephone numbers of this store are 167 and 287.
Residence of MR. J. P. BUNN
PEARL STEAM LAUNDRY
Rocky Mount's Modern and Up-To-Date Laundry
MR. J. H LEDBETTER. Manaaer
No city in North Carolina can boast of a better equipped or better conducted
laundry than Rocky Mount. The plant of the Pearl Steam Laundry, situated at
128-132 Sunset Avenue is thoroughly modern in every respect. No expense has
been spared within the past few years in equipping it with the most modern and
latest improved machinery and general laundry equipment, until now there is no
work in the laundry line that cannot be done at this plant satisfactorily and with
the greatest possible dispatch. In addition, this laundry makes a specialty of ar-
tistic hand-finishing, using every known device to preserve the goods from harm
and to give them the finish sought for by the most particular. A competent and
rapid delivery service being a necessary adjunct of every well conducted laundry,
this department of the service receives special attention from the manager, Mr.
Ledbetter, whose aim it is at all times to satisfy his customers to the last detail.
It should be stated here that this laundry not only does an immense local bus-
iness, but has a large and constantly increasing out-of-town patronage from the
small towns tributary to Rocky Mount and from some considerably sized towns
some distance away.
The owners of this laundry are Ledbetter Bros., who purchased it from Mr.
W. E. McLemore Sept. 1, 1908. Messrs. Ledbetter Bros, also conduct a large
and modern Laundry (The Fayetteville Steam Laundry) at Fayetteville, N. C, and
are both experienced and capable to a high degree, having had nearly twenty
years experience in this business.
INTERIOR VIEWS PEARL STEAM LAUNDRY
The manager of the Rocky Mount plant is Mr. John H. Ledbetter, than whom there is not a more competent
laundry operator and manager in North Carolina. Mr. Ledbetter came to Rocky Mount in Sept. 1908 on the pur-
chase of the local plant by himself and his brother, to become its manager. Since taking charge, he has not only
built up its patronage to a vast extent, but has seen to it that the laundry be equipped as stated above with the most
modern laundry appliances and machinery until now it scarcely has a superior in this respect in the state.
Mr. Ledbetter is a native of Fayetteville. He has had as stated above nearly twenty years experience in the
laundry business. Prior to engaging in this business, he was for eight years connected with the A. C. L. R.R. Co.,
and the old Cape Fear & Yadkin Valley R. R. as engineer and in other capacities. For years, Mr. Ledbetter was
prominent in North Carolina military affairs, being Sergeant in the Second North Carolina Infantry during the
Spanish-American War. He first joined the Fayetteville military company as private in 1890, and by close applica-
tion and a military turn, rose rapidly. On Aug. 23rd, 1899, he was commissioned by Governor Russell, Captain of
the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry. July 29th, 1903, Governor Aycock commissioned Capt. Ledbetter
Captain and Quartermaster of the First N. C. Infantry of the National Guard, and Jan. 7th, 1904, Capt. Ledbetter
received a commission from the same source as Captain and Inspector of Small Arms Practice and Ordinance, a very
responsible position in the First N. C. Infantry of the National Guard, which position he held for five years. As a
military officer, Capt. Ledbetter was ever faithful and efficient making an excellent record.
The Assistant Manager of the Pearl Steam Laundry is Mr. John E. Atkinson, a very capable laundry operator,
who is also a native of Fayetteville.
THE KYSER DRUG COMPANY
One of the Best Appointed and Most Widely Patronized Drug Stores in
This Section of the State
This well known drug store is one of the largest and is.
Kj lj* -;-,
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9 •' ." '--Kt- .-.,-> ,
gf r jc BffjrjLJ^. win' i 'trTfTwT
Interior View of Kyser's Drug Store
perhaps, the best located drug store in Rocky Mount,
"Kyser's Corner" being in the heart of the business
and retail district of the city. For elegance in its ap-
pointments and the thorough competence of its em-
ployees, together with the great care that is always
exercised in the compounding of prescriptions, this
store is scarcely excelled anywhere. The proprietor
and moving spirit of this business is Mr. Paul B. Kyser,
one of the most expert and best known pharmacists in
the State. Two other registered pharmacists are also
interested in the company. Mr. Howell Kyser, son of
Mr. P. B. Kyser, is actively engaged in the business,
and Mrs. P. B. Kyser, who was the first lady pharma-
cist to be registered by the State of North Carolina.
Mr. P. B. Kyser came to Rocky Mount and estab-
lished this business nearly twenty years ago, in 1892,
and has, by uniform courtesy, unquestioned fair dealing
and fine business judgment, built it up to its present
large proportions and high standing in the drug circles
of Eastern Carolina. This store carries, in addition to
an extensive and complete line of drugs, a full line of
toilet articles, candies and a thousand and one little
things that go to make up a complete and modern drug store, and has, besides, one of the largest soda fountain
trades in this city. Mr. P. B. Kyser is a native of Lexington, S. C, and was born in the year 1856. He has become
known in Rocky Mount as a safe business man, one of the best drug men in the business, and a useful citizen,
respected and esteemed by a wide circle of friends. He and Mrs. Kyser, who is a social favorite, have a very hand-
some and commodious residence on Sunset Avenue, in one of the choicest residential sections of the city.
Mr. Vernon Kyser, who has charge of the soda fountain, is one of the most popular young men in the city, and
his uniform politeness and courtesy are largely responsible for the store's big fountain trade. No young man in
Rocky Mount has a brighter future in the drug business.
Residence of MR. E. H. CREWS
Residence of MR. P. B. KYSER
MR. HAMNER W. WINSTEAD.
A Leading Wood And Coal Dealer.
Prior to January, 1911, Rocky Mount was for a long time without competition in the coal business, one concern
handling all the trade. That month saw the establishment of the wood and coal concern owned by Mr. Hamner W.
Winstead, the subject of this sketch. Mr. Winstead has a large wood and coal yard on the West side of the Wilming-
ton & Weldon Railroad, near the tobacco warehouses. Here he keeps a large supply of both wood and coal for the
city trade. He will make a specialty of putting in supplies of wood and ccal for the citizens of this
city during the summer months, when both articles can be furnished them much cheaper than during
the fall and winter. Mr. Winstead's phone number is 183, and a call to that number will bring a quick response to
whatever the desire of the customer may be, whether coal or wood, either pine or oak, dry or green. In the wood
business, Mr. Winstead has the advantage of having on his mother's farm, a few miles from the city, an immense
supply of wood ready for the market, that will last for some time to come. On this account, he is in a position to
give his customers the advantage of the best prices to be had.
Mr. Hamner Williams Winstead is a native son of Nash County, and a descendant of one of its oldest and most
prominent families. Mr. Winstead's father was Mr. William Robert Winstead of Nash, and his grandfather was
David Williams Winstead, during his day one of the largest slave owners, most prominent planters and most influential
citizens of the County. He was for many years a county official in various capacities.
Mr. Hamner W. Winstead was born on the Winstead Plantation, three miles west of Rocky Mount, February
17, 1883. He was educated in the schools of Nash County, and at the Southern Industrial College at Camp Hill,
Ala. Returning from college, he took charge of his mother's farm, his father having died some years before, and
managed it for her until his coming to Rocky Mount in January, 1911, as stated in the foregoing. Mr. Winstead,
besides being a business man of fine standing and excellent ability, is one of the most popular of the younger men of
the city, possessing many engaging traits of character that have won for him a large circle of friends. These facts
coupled with his systematic devotion to business and his honorable and upright life, are an assurance of his large
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WOOD YARD OF MR. HAMNER W. WINSTEAD
MR. HAMNER W. WINSTEAD
THE PLANTERS COTTON SEED OIL CO.
A Home Enterprise, Managed By Home People, That Has Been And Is
The Planters Cotton Seed Oil Company is as essentially a Rocky Mount home industry as any concern in the
city, all the stockholders and managers being citizens of this community, the most progressive of our farmers
and' business men. This plant was organized in 1904, and in the face of the strongest competition has made good in
a large sense, and besides being profitable to the stockholders, is of real and substantial value to the city, and com-
PLANTERS COTTON SEED OIL COMPANY'S FACTORY
rnunity, creating as it has, a strong market for the products it buys. The manufacturing plant is weil-iocated on the
Edgecombe side of Rocky Mount, and is thoroughly equipped with the most improved and up to date machinery.
Using the cotton seed of the farmers, it manufactures besides the oil, a high grade meal that has proven most satis^
factory for stockfeeding purposes, and also a grade of fertilizer, than which there is no better on the market. The
fertilizer manufactory is conducted in connection with the oil mill, and the high-class fertilizer they are turning
out, peculiarly adapted as it is to the needs of our lands, is becoming more and more popular as our farmers become
more familiar with it.
The President and General Manager of this company is Hon. E. L. Daughtridge, one of Rocky Mount's most
prominent and most popular citizens. Mr. Daughtridge comes of a distinguished Edgecombe county family, has
represented Edgecombe twice in the legislature with pronounced ability, and is one of the city's safest and most level-
headed business men,
f 1 ^
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MR. J. C. WYNNE
Secretary and Manager of Rocky Mount Sash & Blind Company and One of the
City's Ablest Business Men
As a continuation of the story begun on page 78, of the Rocky Mount Sash &
Blind Company, one of Rocky Mount's most important manufacturing institutions,
it is desirable to set forth something of the company's good fortune in the selection
of the man whose strong hand is directing it in the distinctly successful path it is
now travelling. The company secured Mr. J. C. Wynne, the Secretary and
Manager, something over two years ago, offering him sufficient inducement to give
up his large private interests and devote his splendid ability and sound judgment
to the management of this concern. Results have shown that this was an exceed-
ingly wise step, for Mr. Wynne's natural capacity for controlling men, and his
thorough knowledge of every detail of the business, have resulted in a large in-
crease in business done and increased profits in every department.
Mr. Wynne is a native of Pitt county, born in 1860. Prior to his purchase of
stock in this business, and his acceptance of the position of Secretary and Manager,
he was engaged practically all his life, and very successfully, in the contracting and
real estate businesses, his fine judgment, backed up with his ability to put through
big deals, resulting in his accumulating a very comfortable share of this world's
goods. Today he is a large holder of valuable Rocky Mount real estate, in addi-
tion to his stock in this company and his interest in other things. He has been a
resident of Rocky Mount since May, 1895, and has been thoroughly identified and
potent in all the movements that have made it the city it is today. Besides com-
mr. j. c. wynne. Managw manding the implicit confidence of the business circles of the city in his personal
integrity and high sense of honor, Mr. Wynne has well earned the place he now occupies in the public esteem as
one of the wisest and most forceful business and industrial captains in this section of the State.
PARKER'S JEWELRY STORE.
The Leading Establishment Of Its Kind In This Part Of The State. One Of The Show Places Of Rocky Mount.
The Store That Employs Only Graduate Experts In Each Department.
For nearly a quarter of a century, a large pro-
portion of the people of Rocky Mount and a wide
surrounding territory, have been buying their
jewelry, cut glass, watches, etc. at Parker's Jewelry
Store. This does not mean however that there is
anything old (except the name) or antiquated about
this store. On the contrary, this is one of the
concerns that have caught the spirit of progress
and modern hustle at every step, going continually
in advance of the growth of the city, and anticipa-
ting the needs of the business. At this time, this
store would be credit to a city of fifty thousand
people, both in the size and handsome equipment
and furnishings, and in the quality and complete-
ness of all the different lines which are to be found
in the most modern and up to date stores in the
larger cities, and which this store carries at all
times. Here are represented a number of the
leading jewelry and cut glass lines of the country,
and the policy pursued of never carrying anything
but the best, has been found to be abundantly jus-
tified in the winning of the entire confidence of the
people, and consequently, their patronage.
INTERIOR VIEW OF MR. GEO. L. PARKER'S JEWELRY STORE
Recently, this store moved into the large and commodious building at 121 Main Street, installing complete new fix-
tures that are not excelled by any jewelry store in the state. The furnishings are all in plate glass, the most expen-
sive mirrors and mahogany, which in truth render this store, as stated in the headlines, one of the show places of
The proprietor of this store is Mr. George L. Parker, one of the most prominent business men and church men
in the city, and one of the best-equipped and most competent jewelers in the business. Mr. Parker is the pioneer
jeweler of Rocky Mount, coming here as he did over twenty years ago when Rocky Mount was yet a village and its
present size, wealth and prosperity were not even dreamed of by any except a few. Mr. Parker immediately im-
pressed the people as being the sort of progressive citizen, desirable to have, and his business prospered from the
beginning. The people came to know that his word when given could be trusted, and it has alway been his scrupu-
lous care that not a single article should go out from his store, that did not measure up in the fullest respect to what
he represented it to be. There could be but one result to a business policy of this kind, and today, there is not a
person in Rocky Mount, but would be willing to buy, with full confidence, on Mr. Parker's word. The importance
of this in the jewelry business will be readily recognized. As a rule, the great majority of people who buy jewelry,
must depend upon the good faith and reputation of their dealer as to its quality, for the average customer knows
about as little about judging jewelry as anything that could be imagined. On account of this fact, and the fact that in
all the years of his business Mr. Parker has never allowed an article to be misrepresented in even the slightest de-
gree, the wide popularity of his store among the people of Rocky Mount and this section is not to be wondered at.
About sixteen years ago, Mr. Parker was appointed Watch Inspector for the A. C. L. R. R. Co., which position he
As was stated in the begining, Mr. Parker is not only the leading jeweler, but is one of the most capable business
men and useful citizens of the city. He is especially active in church work,, being one of the most prominent mem-
bers of the First Baptist Church, and for a long time, teacher of the Baraca Class of the First Baptist Sunday School.
He is a member of the Board of Trustees of the Rocky Mount Graded Schools, and a strong advocate of everything
that tends to advancing their interests. He is President and a large stockholder in The Rocky Mount Publishing
Co., Printers, and Publishers of The Daily Record, and is an active and prominent member of the Masonic and
Mr. Parker was married in 1889 to Miss Laura Herbert, of Kinston. They have five children, George L. Jr.,
Walter Herbert, Irene, Laura Alice and Jesse Van.
One of the rules that have always been in force at Parker's Jewelry Store, that have (ended to confirm the con-
fidence of the people and to satisfy the customers in every particular, is that none but expert and competent em-
ployees shall be connected with the business. For instance, at this time, as heretofore, every employee is a graduate
in his line of one of the most famous jewelry and watchmaking schools in the country. This policy is an absolute
guarantee that the quality of work turned out in the watchmaking, engraving and repair departments is only of the
Mr. James Madison Fox, who has been with Mr. Parker nearly seven years, is a graduate of Bowman's Tech-
nical School of Lancaster Pa., and is one of the most expert craftsman in the State. Mr. Fox is a native of Phila-
delphia, Pa., and was born Oct. 19, 1876, coming to Rocky Mount to accept his present position in 1904. Mr. Fox
was married in 1906 to Miss Mary Ella Kelly, of Goldsboro, N. C.
Mr. George Lee Parker, Jr., who has charge of the engraving department, is admitted to be one of the most
expert engravers in this part of the state, turning out work that is a thing of beauty and of immense satisfaction to
the patrons of the store. Mr. Parker is a son of Mr. George L. Parker, the proprietor of the store, and was born in
Rocky Mount July 16, 1890. He was educated in the schools of Rocky Mount, and is a graduate of the Lancaster
(Pa.) Bowman's Technical School of watchmaking and engraving. Besides being thoroughly conversant with the
best methods of his business he is one of the most popular and useful young men in Rocky Mount. He is quiet and
unassuming, and attends strictly to business and his other duties. His window dressing at the store has been widely
commented on for artistic taste and beauty of arrangement. He makes it a point to see that the show windows of
the store shall always be such as to arrest attention, and fitly represent the high rank of the store. Mr. Parker is a
faithful member of the First Baptist Church of Rocky Mount, and is Secretary of its Sunday School.
Mr. Ellis Spencer Hamrick, the head watchmaker at this store, is also a graduate of the famous school at Lan-
caster, Pa., and is capably and satisfactorily filling the position he occupies with this well-known establishment.
Mr. Hamrick is a native of Braxton County, W. Va. and was born July 19, 1889. He came to Rocky Mount to ac-
cept the position with Mr. Parker Nov. 28, 1910.
MR. M. C. BRASWELL.
Proprietor of Largest Supply Business in State. Farms on Immense Scale.
Interested in Many Enterprises.
MR. M. C. BRASWELL
The general supply business conducted by Mr. M. C. Braswell at Battleboro
is one of the largest, if not the largest, in volume of business transacted, in Car-
olina. The business was until a few years ago conducted under the firm name
of T. P. Braswell & Son, being composed of two partners, the late loved and
lamented father of the present proprietor being the senior member. However,
at that time Mr. M. C. Braswell was the active manager of the business. At the
death of the senior member, the business passed under the sole proprietorship
of the latter and he has continued to conduct it in the same capable manner.
The volume of business done annually will amount to a quarter million dollars.
As a supply house, it ranks second to none in Eastern North Carolina, and is
one of the largest retail dealers in fertilizers in the State, selling more than 3500
No man in this section of the State is held in higher esteem than Mr. M. C.
Braswell. He has not made his worldly goods by grinding down his fellow
man, but by dint of hard, persistent work, combined with a mind that is acutely
fitted to handle business problems. In fact, Mr. Braswell has been successful
in practically all that he has undertaken, and has not only accumulated wealth,
but his lines of endeavor have always been broad gauged, and he has been ready
and willing to join in any enterprise than would help build larger or better the
community in which he has lived. Though living in Battleboro eight miles
from Rocky Mount, he owns considerable property in the latter city, is a direc-
tor in a large number of business institutions in this city and a stockholder in practically every corporation gotten up
for the advancement of the city. Mr. Braswell is also a large planter. He is one of the largest land owners in Nash
and Edgecombe counties and plants cotton, tobacco and peanuts on a a large scale.
Mr. Braswell has two brothers living in Rocky Mount, Mr. J. C. Braswell, president of The Planters Bank and
Dr. M. R. Braswell, both of whom have been mentioned in several places in this book, as they also have been identi-
fied in a very large measure with the wonderful development and growth of Rocky Mount. In fact, the three brothers
have been of incalculable benefit to this section of the State. They have what is seldom found combined, the means,
the ability and the inclination for progress and by bringing these combined elements into operation it can be said
without question that they have exerted by far the largest influence in the growth of Rocky Mount of any one family.
Mr. M. C. Braswell was married in 1894 to Miss Alice Bryant, a charming and cultured woman, and a member
of one of the most highly respected families in the county. They live in truly a palatial home, a picture of which is
shown in these pages. They have 4 children.
RESIDENCE OF MR. M. C. BRASWELL-at Battleboro
THE SAGAMORE CLUB
This institution is the most popu-
lar social organization in the city.
It has handsome club rooms on
Main Street, and its membership
is composed of our leading citizens.
It is purely a social club for busi-
ness men, and is conducted on a
high plane — no drinking or gamb-
ling at all being permitted. It has
been in existence nine years, is
on a firm foundation, and is a
credit to the city.
MR. D. J. ROSE,
are not excelled anywhere for the
MR. D. J. ROSE
One of North Carolina's Largest and Best-Known
Contractors. Business Extends From Delaware
to Florida. Possesses Invaluable Reputation
for Reliability and Efficiency
In all the States bordering on the South Atlantic Coast, in which he operates,
it would be impossible to find a contractor with a better or safer reputation for
dependability, thorough efficiency and fidelity than Mr. D. J. Rose, of Rocky
Mount. This reputation is well earned, too, and has been built up by years of
thorough application, hard and conscientious work, and the utmost care of the
interests of those who have employed him. The work Mr. Rose has done has
been on a large scale, many contracts running into the hundreds of thousands of
dollars before completion. It's true, also, that Mr. Rose has done a multitude of
the less costly but hardly less important work, such as the building of churches
and residences, many of the handsomest in the Southeastern States having been
built under his direction. At present he is building in one of the North Carolina
cities, a residence for a prominent railroad official, the cost of which will run to
approximately $25,000.00. Here in Rocky Mount there stand as monuments to
his masterful skill as a builder and contractor, among others, the following, which
purpose for which they were built, to-wit: The Hotel Ricks, the new Shore
Building, the Masonic Temple, The Bank of Rocky Mount, the Five Points Drug Store, store of W. D. & C. A.
Cochran, the new Methodist and Presbyterian Churches, parts of The Rocky Mount Mills, The Planters Cotton
Seed Oil Company's factory, the Railroad Y. M. C. A., Rocky Mount's New Passenger Station, and various others.
But by far the most of Mr. Rose's work has been done on the larger constructing plane. For several years he
has been employed in a large number of important contracts for the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company and other
mammoth industrial concerns in the South and elsewhere. The great Railroad Shops, at South Rocky Mount, the
second largest in the South, together with the storage and office buildings, etc., (costing upwards of $150,000.00),
were all constructed by Mr. Rose with the exception of two of the first buildings. Among some of his larger con-
tracts might be mentioned the great Morris Fertilizer Factory, which cost approximately $200,000, which Mr. Rose
built in Atlanta for the Morris Packing Company, of Chicago; all the -buildings in connection with the mines of the
Florida Phosphate Mining Co., at Bartow, Florida, which cost upwards of $300,000.00; the big factory of the Dutton
Phosphate Co., at Jacksonville, Florida; factories for the great Southern fertilizer company, theF. S. Royster Guano
Co., of Norfolk, which factories cost something like $750,000.00, and which Mr. Rose built for this great concern at
Portsmouth, Va., Tarboro, N. C, Spartanburg, S. C, Columbus, Ga., Macon, Ga., Montgomery, Ala., and Balti-
more, Md.. the factory at Baltimore being the largest in the South, and alone cost, complete, about $400,000.00; and
scores of others of equal magnitude all over the Southeastern States.
Mr. Rose is widely known as not only a man who completes his contracts, large or small, to the very letter, but
a big, broad man, who is not satisfied until his patrons have received absolute satisfaction to the last detail. The
regard in which he is held by a number of the largest corporations in the South, and indeed all over the country,
who award him contracts year after year, is ample proof that he not only knows his business, and has the necessary
financial and industrial generalship to carry out satisfactorily the largest contracts, but is the sort of man who carries
his conscience into his business, and who makes every yard of his work, honest work, good for not only the present
but for the future. It has become so that the only bond required of Mr. Rose is the reputation he has won by his
years of hard work and uniformly honest and honorable business.
Here in Rocky Mount no citizen is more highly respected or influential. Mr. Rose's life since he came to what
was then the village of Rocky Mount, in 1892, has been such as to win for him not only the high respect but the
warm regard of all his fellow-citizens. For several terms he served as a member of the Board of Aldermen, dis-
charging his duties in that responsible position with the utmost fidelity and usefulness to the city. He is at present
a Director in the Bank of Rocky Mount, President of the Rocky Mount Brick Co., and is interested in other con-
cerns of worth- and importance.
Mr. Rose is a native of Johnston County, this State, and was born Nov. 27th, 1861. His parents moved to
Wayne County when he was seven years of age, and there he was reared on the farm. In 1888, after having
received a good academical education, Mr. Rose embarked in the business of a carpenter and builder on a small scale,
gradually building and branching out, and entering the contracting field on his removal to Rocky Mount in 1892. At
different times Mr. Rose has had associated with him in his contracting business Messrs. W. J. Stephenson and S. S.
Toler. At present he is the sole member of his firm.
It is well known, by those familiar with the subject, that the business of successful contracting and building is
one that requires a high order of business ability and a sound, level judgment to avoid the pitfalls that encompass it.
It is no small tribute to Mr. Rose's capacity that he has not only conducted his business always with consistent good
faith toward all concerned, but that he has been largely successful financially, and is now one of the strong men of
the city, speaking in a financial sense. He has been equal to every emergency that has arisen in his wide-spread
field of large and responsible work, and the impression one gains of him at first, as being a man of force and of calm
and safe judgment, is one that is amply corroborated by his record. His offices in this city are located on Rose
Street, (wtvch street was named for him), and he has a beautiful and commodious residence on Lexington Street.
Mr. Rose has been twice married, the first time to Miss Anna Woodall, of Smithfield, in 1892, and the second
time to Miss Vera Benton, also of Smithfield, in 1900:
MR. FRANK A. HAMPTON
Attorney At Law, One of The Editors of This Work,
and First Vice-President of The Rocky Mount
Chamber of Commerce
(By J. H HERBERT)
MR. FRANK A. HAMPTON.
Mr. Frank Armfield Hampton, one of the prominent younger members of the
Rocky Mount Bar, was born March 9, 1884, at Hamptonville, Yadkin County, N.
C, which has been the home of his ancestors for nearly a century and a half.
His great-grandfather, Henry Hampton, a brother of the first General Wade
Hampton, founded the town of Hamptonville long before the Revolutionary War,
and at that time owned a vast area of the country around.
Mr. Frank A. Hampton is the second son, and the eldest one living, of Col.
John A. Hampton, a gallant Confederate commander, who has been for fortv
years a leader of the Bar and of Democracy and decency in the rock-ribbed
Republican county of Yadk.n, being the only straight Democrat who has carried
that county on a legislative ticket since the Civil War. Mr. Hampton's grand-
father, on his mother's side, was the celebrated Baptist pioneer in Western North
Carolina, Rev. William Green Brown, and three of his uncles were distinguished
Baptist ministers, one of them being Rev. Dr. S. M. Brown, editor and founder of
the Baptist organ of Missouri and Kansas, (The Word and Way), and pastor of the
Michigan Avenue Baptist Church of Kansas City.
Mr. Frank A. Hampton was educated in the public schools of Yadkin county,
and at Yadkinville Normal School, the principal of which is the well-known and
beloved Zeno H. Dixon, brother of Senator Dixon, of Montana. Mr. Hampton taught in the public schools of his
county at different times for four years, beginning at sixteen years of age. In April, 1903, he went to Kansas City,
Mo., remaining there some time in newspaper work, holding a position on the staff of the Kansas City World, (now
the Kansas City Post), and reading law at odd times. Returning to North Carolina, he accepted a position on the
editorial staff of The Charlotte Daily News. He read law under the late Chief Justice, David M. Furches, and Geo.
B. Nicholson, Esq., at Statesville, N. C, reviewing the course in 1909 under Thaddeus A. Adams, Esq., at Char-
lotte. He stood the examination before the Supreme Court of North Carolina and was admitted to the Bar in
August, 1909, and in October following, came to Rocky Mount to permanently locate for the practice of his profession.
Since his early boyhood, Mr. Hampton has been an active worker for the Democratic party, holding by inheri-
tance and by deep conviction, a strong faith in the efficacy of Democratic principles for all the ills and problems of
government. At the age of sixteen he was one of the active organizers of White Supremacy Clubs in Yadkin County,
being Secretary of two of them, and being an active participant in the pivotal campaign of 1900, in which the people
of the west rose in their might and assisted the east in ratifying the Constitutional Amendment, eliminating ignorant
Mr. Hampton's life since coming to Rocky Mount has been one of clean and energetic effort. As a lawyer,
he is building up a practice that is very promising, due to his ability, close application, untiring industry and fidelity
to the interests of his clients. Possessing by inheritance a great love and respect for the great principles and high
traditions of his profession, he ever proceeds on the correct idea that a member of the legal profession is, ex officio, a
public servant, carrying grave responsibilities under our scheme of government and under the system of Juris-
prudence that has been handed down to us by our English forefathers.
In addition to his professional work, to which he is devoted, Mr. Hampton is the Editor of The Twin County Echo,
one of the leading weekly newspapers in this part of the State, and is First Vice-President and a member of the
Board of Directors of the Rocky Mount Chamber of Commerce, of which organization, in its present form, he was
one of the promoters and charter members.
Mr. Hampton was married December 23rd, 1906, to Miss Luola Moore, of Fayetteville, N. C, a member of
one of the oldest and most prominent families of that city, who has been behind her, generations of refinement and
culture. From this marriage have been born two children, both girls, now one and three years old respectively.
Mr. Hampton is a member of the First Baptist Church of this city, while Mrs. Hampton is a member of the
1 THIS BOOK 1
I .... $
w Was Printed in Its Entirety, Including The Cover, Q
1 THE DAILY RECORD I
Job Printing Office
CITIZENS BUILDING & LOAN ASSOCIATION.
An Institution That Is Performing A Notable Work In The Building Of The
City. It's Successful History.
In the modern industrial life and growth of a city, there is probably no agency that performs a greater work
than the well-conducted building and loan associations, cultivating as they do, habits of saving among the people, and
giving people of small incomes an opportunity to own their own homes and become independent. They also furn-
ish one of the best means for the accumulation and investment of savings,
The Citizens Building & Loan Association of Rocky Mount, furnishes an excellent example of institutions of
this character. It is only four years old, and therefore has not had opportunity to mature shares as yet, but has
already accomplished a vast deal towards creating home-owners out of folks who ordinarily would find it very diffi-
cult to ever accumulate sufficient to live under their "own vine and fig tree". Approximately 1700 shares of stock
are now in force, which is a very satisfactory record indeed for the first four years of growth, and as the association
is becoming more and more popular as the opportunity it furnishes is becoming better understood, the number of
shares is rapidly increasing. The association has already built about thirty homes and has assisted in the building of
quite a number of others. This work cannot be too highly commended, for a city of home-owners is the ideal state
to which every city aspires.
The future of The Citizens Building & Loan Association, and the largest possible benefits for its shareholders,
are absolutely guaranteed by the personnel of the oFficials and the board of directors. One need only glance at the
list of officers and directors to recognize that it is composed of men who, largely successful in their own private busi-
nesses, and leaders in every sphere of the growth of the city, are men in whose keeping any reasonable business or
institution that could be conceived, would be bound to prosper. The officers and directors, all of whom serve en-
tirely without pay (with the exception of the Secretary & Treasurer, who receives only a nominal salary covering his
actual expenses) are as follows:
President, J. C. Braswell (President The Planters Bank.) Vice-President G. G. Levy (Head of G. G. Levy &
Co.) Secretary & Treasurer, W. S. Wilkinson (of Wilkinson Bulluck & Co.) Attorneys, J. P. Bunn and J. B.
Ramsey (President First National Bank.) Directors: G. G. Levy, T. C. Gorham, Dr. M. R. Braswell, R. S. Gor-
ham, E. J. Gordon, Geo. S. Edwards, C. L. Gay, T. L. Worsley, W. A. Bulluck, I. W. Rose, J. C. Braswell.
This association was organized in May 1907. It has never lost a penny, and under its system of administration,
cannot lose a penny in the very nature of the case. Before any loan is made, as is well known, the proposed loan
is subjected to the closest scrutiny by the directors, is passed upon by the officers and attorneys, and the chain of
title traced back to a point that absolutely guarantees it to be without a flaw. No admission fee is charged the share-
holders, and while every safeguard is thrown around their investment, every effort is also exerted to keep every dollar
at work and earn for them the highest possible returns. The association extends a warm invitation to every citizen
within its territory to become a shareholder, as it is entirely a mutual concern with no private profit, the shareholders
getting every cent of the profits above the necessary expenses which are reduced to a minimum in every respect.
The association operates only within Rocky Mount and the Rocky Mount Road District, thus enabling the directors
to have every investment under their direct inspection and supervision at all times.
MR. H. DEMPT.
MR. H. DEMPT
Rocky Mount's Artistic And Modern Photographer.
The pictures in this book were made by Mr. Harry Dempt, one of the best and
most up-to-date photographers in the state. Mr. Dempt is the proprietor and
manager of "The Studio", on Main Street, which has become noted in Eastern
North Carolina for work that represents the best and most skillful in modern
photography. Besides his photographic work, Mr. Demp has recently installed a
splendidly equipped department for kodak finishing for his city and out-of-town
kodak patronage, and with his modern and complete equipment is enabled to turn out
this class of work within the shortest possible time. He also has a department for
enlarging pictures, and does high-class portrait work in water-color, sepia, crayon
and pastel. One of his specialties is the better class of commercial work, such as
photographing buildings, interiors, groups and the like. Mr. Dempt's portrait
work is the last word in art and perfect likeness making. His studio is equipped
with all the modern and expensive adjuncts necessary for the highest class of
work, and his experience and excellent training admirably fit him for his duties.
He is constantly adding new appliances and equipment, and striving to keep
thoroughly abreast with the most modern ideas and knowledge in the art of photo-
Mr. Dempt was born in Philadelphia, Nov. 17, 1880, and studied photography
and portrait-making under the celebrated Louis Blaul of that city, and also under
Chilman, the great artist of "The City of Brotherly Love." For several years
pricr to his coming to Rocky Mount, he was engaged in work in the studio of the
famous Blaul, rising before his departure to the highest position there. He came
to Rocky Mount in Sept. 1906, having definitely decided to make Rocky Mount his permanent home. His success
here in his chosen life-work has been very gratifying, not only to himself but to a wide circle of friends he has won
by his blameless and useful life since coming to the city.
Mr. Dempt is an active member of the First Presbyterian Church of Rocky Mount, and is Secretary & Treasurer
of the Presbyterian Sunday School.
His assistant in "The Studio," is Miss Elizabeth Kaylor, a gifted and popular young lady, who has within the
few years she has been engaged in the work, become herself very proficient in the photographic art. Miss Kaylor
is a native of Morganton N. C.
MR. CHARLES C. COOPER
President and General Manager of the C. C. Cooper
Tobacco Co., Operators of the Old Reliable
Coopers Warehouse, and a Pioneer of the
Rocky Mount Tobacco Market. A Man
of Forceful Personality and High
MR. C. C. COOPER
It is a pleasant task that the writer has before him in giving a description
of a tobacco warehouse business that lacks only a few years of being as old as the
Rocky Mount Tobacco Market itself, for truly he believes that no words of praise
of the business itself, or of the personality behind it, can be too fulsome. The
business referred to is the C. C. Cooper Tobacco Company, and the personality is
Mr. C. C. Cooper, the President and founder of the concern.
Mr. Cooper is a pioneer of the local market, having become a tobacconist in
1890, the first year of the market. Having gained a thorough knowledge of the
warehouse business he opened a warehouse of his own in the year 1894, the
warehouse being the one of which he is at present the head, and of which he has
been the head since he first began to conduct a warehouse business. The first
year he operated a warehouse he sold more pounds of tobacco than any other
warehouseman, and he has done so every year since, including last year. He has
always claimed that he not only led the market in number of pounds sold, but that tobacco has sold for more money
on his floor than on any other. It would seem that these statements should be related, that there would have to
be some good reason why he sold more tobacco than any of his competitors, and it would seem a very reasonable
cause would be that he led in prices as well as pounds. Mr. Cooper is distinctly a Nash County product, not only
claiming Nash County as his native heath, but tracing his ancestors for several generations back to Nash County
soil. He was born at the old Cooper homestead in Griffin's Township, the home being more than two hundred
years old, put together with wooden pegs, nails not having then been invented. Mr. Cooper's father was
honored by Nash County as are few citizens in any county. He was Sheriff for about twenty years, and when he
became too old to fulfill the exacting duties of that office he was further honored by being elected Treasurer, which
office he filled for several years. Mr. C. C. Cooper came of good stock, and anyone who comes in contact with his
strong personality recognizes this fact without having to be so informed. He is a strong man physically and men-
tally. His vision of life is broad. He not only gives evidence of loving to live an active, virile life himself, but he
has proven that he likes to see those around him prosper and enjoy living, by having given untold hundreds assist-
ance at times when they most needed encouragement, not only by words but material help. He has thus made
strong friends who have stuck to him in his business for years, and will continue to do so as long as Charlie Cooper
remains in the warehouse business, for the average man values a true friend, and not one can accuse Charlie Cooper
of not sticking loyally to his friends.
One strong evidence, of Mr. Cooper's fairness and kind treatment to his fellow man is proven by the way his
employes stick to him. There is strong testimony of his sense of fairness in the fact that every one of his present
clerical and managerial force have been with him continually ever since they first accepted positions with him.
This force consists of Mr. O. B. Harris, Bookkeeper, who is one of the best in the business and whose pleasure
it is to see that every sale and account is accurately recorded; Mr. Geo. W. Smithson, Jr., Floor Manager, who is
an ideal and competent man for that responsible position; Mr. J. Dorsey Nelms, Auctioneer, who can cry tobacco to
the top notch, and Mr. L. C. Morris, an able tobacconist who is Assistant Manager of the company. It is safe to say
that no man in the tobacco business in Eastern Carolina has more competent or more loyal assistants than has Mr.
Cooper in the above named force.
All in all, the Cooper Warehouse scintillates the personality of the founder of the business, who will not have an
incompetent employee or one who will not treat each and every customer with every courtesy and consideration.
Mr. Cooper recognizes that it takes a competent supervision of sales to see that every customer's tobacco brings the
very lop market price at the time the tobacco is sold and also that men who have sense to do this, have sense
enough to know how to make it pleasant for the customers.
Mr. Charles C. Cooper was born, as stated in the foregoing near Hilliardston on the old Cooper homestead,
and the date of his birth was Feb. 9, 1866. His mother was a Battle of the family of that name prominent in Nash
county for a hundred and fifty years and more. Mr. Cooper's maternal great-great-grandfather was Mr. Lawrence
Battle who came to Nash county direct from England, and settled on Swift Creek prior to 1750, where the old home-
stead now stands. The name Lawrence is a marked family name, Mr. C. C. Cooper's uncle, Mr. Lawrence Battle
who lives near Gold Rock, now bearing it. Mr. Cooper's early boyhood was spent on his father's farm (which has
been in the family for over a hundred and fifty years and which is now owned by Mr. Cooper's brother) and at the
age of twenty, he went to Henderson, N. C. where he worked in the tobacco warehouse business two years with
Mr. D. Y. Cooper, there gaining his first experience in the business in which he has since become so powerful and
influential. He came to Rocky Mount in 1890, serving first as bookkeeper, and then successively in almost every
position in the warehouse business, gaining experience which has been invaluable to him in his subsequent career.
WAREHOUSE OF C. C. COOPER TOBACCO COMPANY
MR. W. T. ROSE.
W. T. ROSE & SON.
Rocky Mount's Leading Manufacturers of Bug-
gies, Carrriages, Wagons, And Vehicles
Of All Kinds.
This concern has, within the past few years,
become one of the leading businesses of its kind
in this part of the State. Besides manufacturing
all kinds of high grade vehicles, such as buggies,
carriages, wagons, etc., they have one of the
most complete and best equipped repair depart-
ments to be found anywhere in this section, and
also carry a full line of harness, buggy, wagon
and carriage accessories, conducting a large
retail store for this department of the business.
Their repair department is equipped with all the
latest processes, including the method of cold
shrinkage of tires and other new processes
recently introduced. The business is located on
Tarboro and Washington Streets, reaching from
one street to the other. Plans have been pre-
pared and about June 1st they will begin the
erection of a new, four-story, modern brick
factory for the manufacture of their well-known
line of vehicles. This factory will be thoroughly
fitted up with all necessary machinery and ap-
MR. HOWARD L ROSE
pliances, and will contain approximately eleven thousand square feet of floor space. It will be located on Tarboro
Street, adjoining the present buildings.
This firm is composed of Mr. W. T. Rose and his son, Mr. Howard L. Rose. Mr. W. T. Rose was born
December 31, 1863 in Edgecombe County, near Battleboro, and was married October 10, 1888, to Miss Fannie
Farmer, of the prominent Wilson County family of that name. He has been engaged in his present line of business
practically all his life, since he left the farm at seventeen years of age, and is one of the best informed and most
competent buggy manufacturers in the State. Mr. Howard L. Rose, the junior member of the firm, was born in
Wilson, N. C, July 13, 1889, was educated in the schools of Rocky Mount, and received a business education at a
noted business college of Richmond, Va. Having been identified with his father's business practically all his life,
young Mr. Rose possesses, even now, a thorough and intricate knowledge of the business, and is entirely conver-
sant with every process used in the different departments. He became a partner in the business on January 1, 191 1,
and his good ability and progressive spirit promise to be of great value in the enlargement of the scope of the
concern, and of the business field, which is now in progress.
The manufacturing department of this business was founded in 1900 by Mr. W. T. Rose, who for five or six
years prior thereto had been conducting a general repair business. The growth of the manufacturing end has been
rapid and substantial, each year adding to the fine reputation of the vehicles turned out by this concern. It is not
too much to say that probably no business in Rocky Mount has a brighter or more promising future than the firm of
W. T. Rose & Son, and on the completion of their new factory, which will be within a few months, and the conse-
quent enlargement of facilities incident thereto, the extension of their business over Eastern North Carolina and
adjoining states will be a natural result. The usefulness of such an institution in the building of a greater Rocky
Mount will be readily recognized.
PLANT OF THE BATTLEBORO OIL COMPANY
BATTLEBORO OIL COMPANY
An Excellently Managed and Distinctly Successful
Manufacturing Institution of Battleboro
MR. J. P. BUNN, Manager.
In the summer of nineteen hundred and two, several prominent planters of
the Battleboro section, appreciating the need of a ginnery, oil mill and fertilizer
factory, met together, and after securing the consent of Mr. M. C. Braswell to
become its manager, there was organized the Battleboro Oil Company. The
company was incorporated for twenty-five thousand dollars, and the strck issued
in fifty dollar shares, and every cent of it was paid in in cash. At the first meeting
Mr. M. C. Braswell was named as president, with Messrs. J. B. Phillips, H. B.
Bryan and C. F. Ellen as directors, and though nearly ten years has elapsed since
this first meeting, the wisdom of the first selection was shown in that there has
never an officer been changed.
October of the year of organization found the new oil mill in operation, with
what is known as a System ginnery and oil mill combined. That season, though
an infant industry in Battleboro, there were fifteen hundred bales of cotton ginned
and over two thousand tons of cotton seed crushed. At the present time, or nine
years later, finds this company enjoying a large and growing business, despite
materially increased competition, and for the season just closed three thousand
bales of cotton have been ginned and over six thousand tons of cotton seed crushed
— in other words, the Battleboro Oil Company has a modern and up-to-date
ginnery and a forty-ton mill, complete.
Throughout the nine years of phenominal growth, Mr. M. G. Braswell, as general manager, has beeri actively
connected at all times with this firm, and his guiding hand and wise council has contributed in a large measure to
the company's growth. Mr. J. P. Bunn is acting manager ai all times, and his taking care of the many details of
the business has caused him to be numbered as one of the best in this section of the State, so far as mill manage-
ment is concerned.
While the success of this business has been a matter of pride to rrlariy who have Watched its growth, with this,
as with many other enterprizes in which Mr. Braswell has been a directing force, almost unprecedented success has
crowned his efforts. In the world of farming, manufacturing and finance, he is a moving p~Wer in affairs in Caro-
lina, and especially in the Counties of Nash and Edgecombe. It will be noted with interest the number of success^
ful and representative firms that include in their directorate this farmer, merchant and manufacturer.
MR. JAMES W. KEEL
Special Attorney for A. C. L. Railroad Company
James Walter Keel, one of the younger members of the Rocky Mount Bar,
and the subject of this -sketch, is a native of Pitt County, and was born Nov. 1,
1875. Mr. Keel was reared on the farm. He attended the school of Prof. Z.
D. McWhorter, at Eethel, N. C, and Wilkinson's Male Academy, at Tarboro,
of which the principal was Mr. F. S. Wilkinson, one of the most noted educa-
tors of this section. Leaving school, Mr. Keel engaged in the mercantile busi-
ness with his brother at Mt. Olive, N. C, remaining there two years. In 1901
he entered the United States Mail Service, winning his position by competitive
examination, and was assigned to duty in the office of the General Superintendent
of the service in Washington, D. C. For eight years Mr. Keel remained in the
government service in various branches, and in the meantime took up the study
of law under private tutors. He went before the Supreme Court in August,
1908, and was admitted to the Bar. Resigning from the mail service he located
in Rocky Mount for the practice of his profession. By his excellent ability and
diligence in his work, he had built up a lucrative practice, considering the short
time he had been at the Bar, when in July, 1910, the Atlantic Coast Line Rail-
road Company, recognizing his ability, appointed him Special Attorney for that
railroad, in which capacity he is now serving, rendering the railroad valuable
and satisfactory service.
MR. JAMES W. KEEL.
MR. Z. B. BULLUCK ^hacknevbras^
A Capable and Aggressive Young Business Man Who Has Made ?( 8( Notable
Success. Proprietor and Operator of The Leading Meat Market
of Rocky Mount
One of the most marked successes achieved within the past decade by the younger business men of Rocky Mount
is that of Mr. Zebulon B. Bulluck, the subject of this story. Mr. Bulluck entered the meat market business in this
city just six years ago, in the summer of 1905. From a small beginning, he has grown until today he numbers his
patrons by the hundreds among the most select circles of the city. This has been achieved principally by means of
Mr. Bulluck's unusually good business ability reinforced by the facts that he is ever careful to treat every customer
with the utmost consideration, and makes it a point to always handle the best and freshest meats on the market.
The much sought after native meat is a specialty of his. He is also at this time a large buyer of hides and furs, and
on account of the present large volume of business, carries several competent and courteous assistants.
Mr. Bulluck's financial success has kept pace with the growth of his meat business. Within the past few years,
he has been a considerable buyer of the best class of Rocky Mount real estate and today his holdings would doubtless
reach upwards of Twenty Thousand Dollars. He is also a valued and influential stockholder in the First National
Bank of Rocky Mount, the only national bank in the city.
Mr. Bulluck comes of sturdy and prominent Edgecombe county stock. He was born in Edgecombe a few miles
from Rocky Mount, April 9, 1884, and is therefore now only 27 years old which makes his large financial success
all the more notable and surprising to have achieved so much at so early an age. Mr. Bulluck was married some
years ago to Miss Foy Williams, an attractive and gifted lady whose home was at Maxton, N. C. Mr. and Mrs.
Bulluck have a modern and beautiful residence at 230 Rose Street in one of the best residential sections of the city,
where they dispense hospitality to their large and increasing circle of friends.
In the business world of Rocky Mount and this part of the state, Mr. Bulluck, on account of the fine qualities he
possesses and his marked business and financial success, has attained quite an
enviable standing, and it is not too much to say that no man in Rocky Mount
has a brighter future both in a business way, and in the way of being a useful
citizen and contributing to the onward march of Rocky Mount.
The telephone numbers of Mr. Bulluck's business place which is in the City
Hall, are 51 and 395.
MR. Z. B. BULLUCK
RESIDENCE OF MR. Z. B. BULLUCK
MR. S. S. TOLER.
One of Rocky Mount's Most Substantial And Highly
Esteemed Citizens, And A Contractor And Builder
of Wide And Well Established Reputation.
Among the contractors and builders of Eastern Carolina, two whose reputation
for capability and conscientious work is not excelled by any, are Messrs. D. J.
Rose and S. S. Toler, the subject of this sketch, who for a number of years were
associated in the business together. A sketch of Mr. Rose is given elsewhere in
this book, and it is our pleasant task here to tell something of Mr. Toler. Messrs.
Rose andToler recently dissolved copartnership, but each remains in the same line
of business. It would be difficult to say anything good of one that is not deserved
by the other also, for both are men whose large successes have been well earned,
and whose names stand for the highest merit, and ability in the Southern contract-
Mr. Toler is a native of Johnston County, N. C, and was born Feb. 26, 1869.
He was reared on the farm and remained in his vocation of farming until he was
22 years of age, when he accepted a position with Mr. Rose in the contracting and
building business. So rapid was his development and so honest and capable his
work, that in 1900, he became a partner in the firm. The wide success and mag-
nificent record of this firm both in Rocky Mount and all over the South is too well
known to need enlargement here. It suffices to say that they have built a repu-
tation for successful and satisfactory handling of contracts from the largest to the
small ones, that extends all the way from Deleware to Florida. Here in Rocky
The business of the firm was so
MR. S. S. TOLER
Mount, they have erected buildings of the best class too numerous to mention.
large that a separate department had to be assigned to each member of the firm, Mr. Toler being usually the man in
active charge of the construction. Among the buildings erected here of which he had charge, might be mentioned,
the shops at South Rocky Mount, the Hales & Edwards building, the residence of Judge Taylor, the Masonic Tem-
ple, the Bank of Rocky Mount building, the Shore Building, the store of W. D. & C. A. Cochran, the Ricks Hotel,
the Cambridge Hotel, and numerous others that rank among the best in Eastern Carolina. Mr. Toler's construction
work, as has been stated, has extended all over the southeastern states, including factories for the F. S. Royster
Guano Co., the Dutton Phosphate Works for the Dutton Phosphate Co., at Jacksonville, Fla., and numbers of build-
ings the completion of which called for the expenditure of money running into the hundreds of thousands.
In every case, Mr. Toler has conclusively proven that he was equal to the situation, and knows how to satisfac-
torily complete the largest contracts, and moreover, that he knows how to handle men. One thing that has been
characteristic of his work and partly accounts for the high esteem in which he is held by the business firms and cor-
porations for which he has worked, is the fact that he so constructs his buildings and other works, not only that they
may be satisfactory now, but that in the future they may still plainer evidence that every foot of work put in them
was honest work. It is not to be wondered at therefore, that Mr. Toler's services are in such great demand by
interests large and small over several states.
Here in Rocky Mount, Mr. Toler is known, as not only one of the best contractors in the business, but as a
useful and influential citizen, and a man of the highest character, possessing the entire confidence of his business as-
sociates, and of the whole city. Every year since his coming to Rocky Mount, in 1902, he has grown in the esteem
of his fellow-citizens, as they have come to know him better. He has a handsome residence on Rose Street in one
of the best residential sections of the city, where he and Mrs. Toler reside. Mrs. Toler was formerly Miss Carrie
Stevens of Goldsboro, and was married to Mr. Toler thirteen years ago. They have two children.
Financial success has followed business success with Mr. Toler, and he has won a very comfortable share of
this world's goods. To those who know him and whom he has contracted with, his word is his bond, they could
ask no better bond, as he has conclusively proven that he is able financially and in every other way, to carry out to
the letter any contract he desires to accept. Those whom he consents to serve, may count themselves fortunate,
for he is a man who not only fulfills his contracts in every respect, but carries with him a fixed determination to ren-
der satisfaction in every particular to the end that the coming years may prove his work to be even better than at
Personally, Mr. Toler impresses one as a man of strong and forceful personality, and solid merits of character.
This first impression is intensified by closer acquaintance, for his whole life proves the correctness of it.
HON. WILLIAM L. THORP.
Attorney At Law, Judge Of the County Court Of Nash County And Ex-
Mayor Of Rocky Mount.
HON. W. L. THORP
Judge Wm. Lewis Thorp, the subject of this sketch is a member of one of the
oldest and most prominent Nash County families, which has been closely identified
with and influential in county affairs for generations. Judge Thorp was born at
the old Thorp place in Nash County, three miles from Rocky Mount, on October
26,1848. He took his law course under the late Chief Justice Richmond M.
Pearson, one of the most eminent Jurists and teachers of law that North Carolina
has ever produced. Being duly admitted to the bar in 1870, on examination by
the Supreme Court of North Carolina, Judge Thorp located in Rocky Mount for
the practice of his profession. Soon thereafter, he purchased The Rocky Mount
Mail, a newspaper, which he edited for four years. Ill health coming on, he
thought it best to sell his newspaper, give up his practice temporarily, and move to
a farm which he purchased at Hilliardston. Here he lived ten years, in a measure
recovering his health, and then moved to Nashville, the county seat, in Jan. 1888,
and resumed the practice of his profession. In the campaign of that year, Judge
Thorp was Chairman of the Nash County Democratic Executive Committee,
waging an aggressive campaign, and converting a considerable Republican majority
in 1886 into a tremendous Democratic majority in 1888. In 1889, he moved his
law office back to Rocky Mount for permanent location.
On the resignation of Mayor Thomas H. Battle in 1894, Judge Thorp was
elected to the Mayoralty of Rocky Mount by the Board of Commissioners, and
was re-elected year by year by the people in 1895, 1896and 1897. In 1898, Judge
Thorp announced months in advance that he would not again be a candidate for
re-election, and in the campaign of that year he supported Mr. J. H. Baker, Jr., who was duly elected. Mr. Baker
served three terms, and in 1901 Judge Thorp was again called from his retirement by the people of Rocky Mount,
and was again elected Mayor of the City. So ably and satisfactorily did he administer the duties of his position that
he was re-elected continuously until 1909, when he again announced, months in advance that he would not accept
re-election, having served in all, twelve years as chief executive of the city. He was succeeded as Mayor in 1909 by
Hon. T. T. Thorne. For two years thereafter Judge Thorp devoted his entire time to his large law practice, but in
Aprii, 1911, just past, he was again called to public life by his election as County Judge (styled "Recorder") of Nash
County, in which responsible office he is now serving the people of his native county with his characteristic fairness,
fine legal ability, and with honor to the judiciary.
For over twenty years Judge Thorpe has been closely identified with a number of the most important business
organizations of Rocky Mount. He assisted in the organization several years ago of the Rocky Mount Insurance &
Realty Company, one of the largest real estate and insurance concerns in Eastern Carolina, and he has been since its
organization, a director in, and Attorney for, that organization.
Judge Thorp has been twice married; the first time to Miss Mary E. Arrington, daughter of Hon. A. H. Arring-
ton, of Nash County, by which marriage he had four children, only two of whom reached maturity, Archibald
Arrington Thorp, who after attaining manhood died in 1907, and Miss Virginia, who married Mr. R. H. Gregory,
and who died in 1903. After the death of his first wife in April, 1883, Judge Thorpe was married the second time,
in 1885, to Miss Mildred B. Holmes, daughter of Mr. Gabriel Holmes, of Sampson County, and of this marriage he
had six children, three of whom are living, Misses Mary and Mildred and Mr. William L. Thorp Jr.
The Editors of this work take great pleasure in having an opportunity here to give expression to the high respect
and regard the people of Rocky Mount and of this whole section have for Judge Thorp, not only on account of his
fine ability and worthful and honorable public service, but also on account of his stainless private life and the many
engaging traits which he possesses that have endeared him to a host of friends. As evidence of his popularity among
all classes of people, it might be stated here that in all his career he has never been defeated for any public position
to which he has aspired. Considering his wide popularity, backed up as it has been by splendid ability, the large and
lucrative practice which Judge Thorp enjoys is therefore not surprising.
Judge Thorp's law offices are in the Bank of Rocky Mount building, next to the City Hall. He is known as a safe
counsellor, well versed in the intricate knowledge of the law, and one who safeguards the interests of his wide clientele
with the most absolute fidelity and care. His clients are numbered among the high and the low, the rich and the poor,
and all receive -the same high service and courteous consideration at his hands.
MR. W. A. MEADOWS
Mr. W. A. Meadows is recognized by all who are acquainted with his work as
one of the most expert accountants in the State, being efficient, careful and accu-
rate. He was barn in Durham, N. C, April 4, 1881. He gained his education
at Horner Military School.
He came to this city several years ago to work in Gravely 's warehouse and since
that time he has worked with the Imperial Tobacco Co., and for a combination
consisting of all the warehouses. When the Ricks Hotel was opened he was se^
cured as auditor and lately he has given almost his entire time to the large busi-
ness conducted by the proprietors of the Ricks Hotel, who, as related elsewhere, ope-
rate five hotels. He has decided to give up his work in the tobacco business and to
engage in the hotel business in a managerial capacity, with the proprietor of the
Ricks. Mr. Meadows is unquestionably one of the city's most popular young men
and adds much to the social life of the city. He is a member of the Masonic and
Pythian fraternities. Mr. Meadows is not only popular at home but his connec-
tion with the hotel business has thrown him with the traveling public and he is
widely and popularly known by the traveling men.
MR. W. A. MEADOWS
MR. E. M. V 1CK.
A Leading Contractor And Builde r, Maki ng A Specialty Of Concrete Work.
Mr E. M. Vick one of Rocky Mount's leading contractors, and a useful citizen, was born at Bethel N C in
1873^ He came to Rocky Mount in 907 and engaged in contracting and building, taking a specialty of concrete
work. Itjs not too much to say that m his line of special work, Mr. Vick has no superior in ? this section of the
state He learned the details of the concrete construction under
experts in New Haven, Conn., which knowledge he backs up with
valuable and successful experience in the practical part of the business.
Kealizing the great possibilities in concrete construction after investiga-
tion, Mr Vick decided to make it his life work. Coming to Rocky
Mount, he built his home, a handsome structure, on Arlington St en-
tirely of concrete. A picture is shown of a residence which was
erected by Mr. Vick entirely of concrete and is a two-story house of
? eve " . roonis - When completed, it will be a pretty piece of architecture
Mr. Vick has a complete concrete plant located on Arlington St., and is
thoroughly prepared to manufacture any kind of concrete block for
• the miracle block^" JltT^Tu™™? or p c D urbin g ™ walks He has done quite a good bit
4.u « L 1 ■ .. ot work ' or the Clt y °f Rocky Mount. A picture is shown of some nf
the pavmg done by him on Main Street. Mr. Vick contends that concrete is preferable in all kfnds of builS °
makes a handsomer structure than ordinary brick, and is more substantial and lasting; and whn? possessing Ihese
superior qualities is also as cheap. Mr. Vick's favorite block is the "Miracle Block" which has the record of mak-
ing a structure absolutely frost-proof and moisture-proof tecoru oi maic
, . ^. r ; Vick J s , held '" h 'gh esteem by all who know him. and especially by those for whom he has done work for
wasta riea irflQof to SfS ^ his thorough reliability and the good faith he shows in all his transactTons ' He
was married in 1904 to Miss Florence Rudolph, of Pennsylvania, and from this union have been born two children
line of constrSn wTk "' **' ^ ^ * PrCpared t0 handle Capab,y and with dis P atch - any job in his
PAVEMENT MADE BY MR. E. M, VICK
MR. E, M. VICK
SHOWING BACK VIEW OF HOUSE BUILT OF CONCRETE BY MR. E. M. VICX
MR. RALPH PITT.
A Highly Successful Warehouseman. Experience Of Eighteen Successive
Years In The Business.
It requires a man of strong mind and of enduring physical strength to make a successful warehouseman and it
might well be added a man of exceptional judgment and years of practical experience. It can be stated without fear
of successful contradiction that no man in this State combines all these qualities to a larger extent than Ralph Pitt
This statement will be instantly recognized as literally true by all who know him and that means practically every
one who has sold tobacco on the Rocky Mount tobacco market in the past 18 years, or who has been in any way con-
nected with the market. Mr. Pitt has the unbounded confidence of all who know him, not only for his ability in the
warehouse business, but for his strict integrity and fair dealing.
Mr. Pitt is a native born to this section, having first seen the light of day Nov. 17, 1871, in Edgecombe county
When quite a young man, he decided to engage in the tobacco business and accepted a minor position with Mr J
O. W. Gravely, the pioneer tobacconist on the Rocky Mount market, in 1893. He worked his way up in the busi-
ness and today he can lay claim to the fact that he has successfully filled every position connected with the conduct
of a warehouse. The experience of Mr. Pitt in the business is more varied than that of any man in North Carolina
or Virginia, as can readily be realized from a relation of the number of years he has spent in the business on this
market, in South Carolina and western North Carolina, thereby gaining a knowledge of practically all grades of to-
bacco raised in this country.
Mr. Pitt first engaged as an owner in the warehouse business on the Florence, S. C, market in 1900 where he
was eminently successful for three years. He then moved to Rocky Mount and bought out Mr. J. O. W Gravely
He was instantly successful here, but was burned out in the middle of that season. However, by the following sea-
son he had erected, in partnership with Mr. J. E. Crute, a brick warehouse, which they continued to conduct until
MR. RALPH PITT
last year, when an attractive offer was made to them to sell, which they accepted,
As an evidence of the high reputation of Mr. Pitt in the business, he was then
offered the management of the Leader warehouse at Winston, the largest ware-
house in Virginia, North and South Carolina, and located on the largest market in
those States. Though successful in a high degree there, he yearned for his old
home, and consequently he recently consummated the purchase of the warehouse
and good will of Mr. J. O. W. Gravely and immediately began active preparations
for the approaching season.
Mr. Pitt recognizes the need of good accommodations for his customers and
their stock, and before the season opens next August he will make improvements
that will make his accommodations for his customers and their stock second to
none on any market. In fact he is planning to be the first in this line. Also he
recognizes the necessity of competent employes and he has already secured the
services of Mr. C. E. Allen as auctioneer, who has been on this market three years,
and is a thoroughly competent auctioneer in every respect, and Mr. Jim W. Cobb,
of Pinetops, as bookkeeper, who is also well and favorably known. Before the
season opens he will have a complete force of thoroughly competent men.
Mr Pitt has been engaged in the tobacco business for eighteen successive
years and knows the business in its every detail. This enables him to protect
his customers in every possible way. He has always done so in the past and those
who have the success of the Rocky Mount tobacco market at heart will be glad to
know that he will conduct a warehouse business on the local market next season.
Especially will this be true so far as his many friends who plant the weed are con-
cerned, for no one is better or more favorably known to the farmers, adjacent to
the Rocky Mount Tobacco Market.
MR. THO MAS C. G ORHAM.
The Leading Merchant and Diuggist at South Rocky Mount. A Man of Large Success and High Character
Mr. T. C. Gorham, the subject of
this sketch, is a native of Edgecombe
county, having been born near Battle-
boro Aug. 8th, 1866. Mr. Gorham is a
member of one of the oldest and most
influential Edgecombe county families,
one that has been identified with county
affairs for a long number of years. He
came to Rocky Mount fifteen years ago,
opening a hotel at South Rocky Mount,
one of the pioneer business men in that
thriving section of the city. Later he
established a mercantile business and a
drug business, and restaurant, all of
which have prospered to a gratifying
degree under his able management and
the consistent fair treatment and court-
esy he freely accords to every patron of
his places. Mr. Gorham is the owner
and operator of one of the very best
T. C. Gorham's Restaurant, Dti's Store and General Merchandise Store at South Rccty Mount. TeStaUTantS in the SoUth, Gorham 'S SOUth
Rocky Mount restaurant being widely known and patronized by Deople along all the lines of the railroad. Mr.
Gorham has become thoroughly identified with the progress of that part of the city, being himself one of the most
forceful elements. He has been a capable and efficient member of the Board of Aldermen of Rocky Mount and is
an influential director of the First National Bank. He is very popular with the large body of railroad employees,
striving at all times as he does, to advance their interests and see that they get the best. He is married to Miss Min-
nie Cutchin, daughter of Mr. J. M. Cutchin, of Whitakers, by whom he has four children, all boys.
MR. HOWARD C. DIXON
MR. H. C. DIXON
The Leading Plumber of The City
Among the younger business men of Rocky Mount who are achieving success
in their chosen lines of work, Mr. Howard C. Dixon stands out prominently. Mr.
Dixon is yet a very young man, having been born in Rocky Mount July 15, 1885,
and on this account his success is all the more notable. Mr. Dixon is the proprietor
and operator of the well-known plumbing, tinning and roofing concern of this
city, which bears his name, and which has taken a high stand within the past few
years on account of the high grade of work done, and the efficiency with which
the business is conducted.
Mr. Howard Clifton Dixon is a son of Mr. Geo. R. Dixon, of Rocky Mount,
one of the city's most substantial citizens and one of the oldest, most capable and
best known tinners in North Carolina. Mr. G. R. Dixon has been a citizen of
Rocky Mount since it was only a country village, and has literally grown with the
city. On account of his father having been in practically the same business, Mr.
Howard C. Dixon has therefore been in the same line of business he is now con-
ducting, since childhood, and it is not a matter of wonder that he has reached the
high degree of efficiency in his business which it is universally admitted he possesses
today. Mr. Dixon was educated in the Rocky Mount Graded Schools, and worked
with his father until 1908, when he went in business for himself, establishing his
present concern. From his initial day, Mr. Dixon has "made good" to a gratify-
ing degree. Always conscientious and thorough in his work, determined that his
patrons shall be absolutely satisfied with every job he performs, and with all the
necessary expert knowledge of his business for the purpose, Mr. Dixon has won
a standing in the plumbing, tinning and roofing business, and in the confidence of
the people that is a forceful asset for his future career in the busi-
ness. So rapid has been the growth of his business that in Nov.
1909, Mr. Dixon was under the necessity of moving to larger
quarters, and so came about his occupancy of his present com-
modious and well-situated building on Washington Street. One
of his specialties is high-grade cornice work, and another is slate
roofing. In the matter of plumbing he has become the last author-
ity in Rocky Mount on all the details of the highest-class work.
Mr. Dixon carries in his place a full and complete line of plumbing
fixtures, and all kinds of tinning supplies. He does not hesitate
to accept contracts that involve the utmost skill and a large ex-
penditure of money. One of his out-of-town contracts, which he
completed to the utmost satisfaction of those concerned, was the
installation of the entire plumbing system and fixtures of the ele-
gant new county court house at Halifax, N. C. Those who have
work of this character may call on Mr. Dixon with the full assur-
ance that they will receive entire satisfaction and the best and
most expert service that can be obtained.
Mr. Dixon is not only a business man of assured standing, but possesses a large number of attractive qualities
and a strength of character that have rendered him very popular in other respects. He is unmarried.
INTERIOR V1W MR. DIXON'S PLUMBING SHOP
THE MODEL BARBER SHOP.
Wiley Davis, Proprietor.
This barbershop, which is one of the most modern and
best equipped in the city, is situated in the center of the
business district on Main Street next to the Planters Bank.
The proprietor is Wiley Davis, one of the worthiest and
most successful of Rocky Mount's colored citizens. Wiley
is himself a skilful tonsorial artist and keeps besides him-
self, four experienced and capable barbers, Jno.
Bishop, Robt. Cook, S. H. Brown, and Richard Cox.
The latest modern and improved appliances are in evi-
dence here, no expense being spared to have everthing
that can add to the efficiency and quality of the work done
and to the comfort and satisfaction of the patrons of the
shop. Electric massage and baths are also to be had at
this shop. After each service, every utensil in use is
thoroughly cleansed and sterlized before using it again,
thus assuring the maximum of neatness and protection.
The proprietor, Wiley Davis, as has been said above, is a
representative of the best and most useful type of the col-
ored people of the South. He attends strictly to his own
business, exerting every effort to please and give the best
service to those who patronize him; and that the people
appreciate this, is shown by the large business he does and
by the fact that his careful courtesy and economy have re-
sulted in his accumulation of property to the value of several
thousands of dollars in real estate, besides his well quipped
l.xl fERIOR VIEW OF MODEL BARBER SHOP.
THE ROCKY MOUNT BRICK COMPANY.
Mammoth Plant Equipped With Every Mechanical Aid and Device Known to Modern Brick Making.
This company, whose manufacturing plant is one of the most thoroughly modern in Rocky Mount, was organ-
ized under its present name and management in 1907. The moving forces in the company are Messrs D I
Rose, T. W. Coleman and W. R. Coleman. Mr. Rose is President, Mr. T. W. Coleman, Secretary & Treasurer
and Mr. W. R. Coleman, Vice-President and Manager. To those who know these men and their accomplishment
in this and other fields, the very fact that the business was to be under their direction and management was a guar-
antee of its success. They are all men who are and have been broadly successful, with a comDlete and practical
knowledge of all the intricate details of the business and the manufacture of brick. A sketch of Mr. Rose, whose
name is a synonym for success, will be found elsewhere in connection with a story of his large contracting and con-
Mr. Thomas W. Coleman, the Secretary & Treasurer of the Rocky Mount Brick Co., is also associated with
Mr. Rose in the contracting and construction work, and is the active manager of his Rocky Mount business. In ad-
dition, Mr. Coleman has been in active charge of some of the largest contracts Mr. Rose has completed in other
states, among them being various large fertilizer factories for the F. S. Royster Guano Co. in several cities in the
South, the buildings of the Phosphate Mining Works at Bartow Fla., and others of like magnitude Here in Rocky
Mount, Mr. Coleman has superintended the construction of the following among others, the Braswell & Levy tobacco
factory, the Rocky Mount Public Works, the Rocky Mount Hosiery Co., Hales & Edwards, all of which are among
the most admirable structures in Eastern Carolina. Mr. Coleman is a native of Warren County, N C and is 44
years old. On his first coming to this part of the state several years ago, he accepted a posi'tion with • Ex-Gov
bhas Carras manager of his large plantation. Later he was with the Rocky Mount Mills in various capacities' 'making
good in each. Since that time he has been with the D. J. Rose Construction Co., occupying a most responsible
position, which he fills with splendid ability and eminent satisfaction Besides being notably thorough and
competent in his work, Mr. Coleman is a man of fine character, warmly esteemed by a large circle of friends and by
the puohc generally, who have every confidence in his judgment and fair and honorable transaction of all business
committed to his care. Mr. Coleman was married in Nov. 1910 to Miss Bessie Barnes, of Johnston county mem-
ber of a prominent family of that county, and a niece of Mr. D. J. Rose.
THE VICE-PRESIDENT & MANAGER.
The Vice-President and Manager of the Rocky Mount Brick Co., Mr. William Richard Coleman, is one of the most
popular and promising young business men of Rocky Mount. He was born July 12, 1886, in Mecklenburg County,
Virginia. He received a good academical education at an excellent high school at Wise, Warren county. In 1905
soon after leaving school, he came to Rocky Mount. For two years, he was manager of the Edgecombe Brick &
Tile Co., evidencing in that responsible position, business ability and judgment of a high order., and in 1907, on the
organization of the Rocky Mount Brick Company, he accepted the position of Manager to which he was elected.
The rapid strides made in every phase of the business during its four years of business life, and the thorough effec-
tiveness of both the manufacturing and business departments of the Rocky Mount Brick Company, are ample proof
that Mr. Coleman not only possesses fine business ability, but also has the resourcefulness and generalship to capably
direct a large business and to manage men in a way to produce the largest results. Determined to be absolute master
of his vocation, Mr. Coleman has made a study of clay work and the manufacture of brick, keeping fully abreast of
the times in his line of work, and continually striving for new methods to reduce the cost, increase the output, being
ever careful to keep the quality of the brick manufactured at the highest possible degree of perfection. The future
for him in his chosen business is particularly bright, for this is a day of specialists.
There is probably not a better equipped plant for the manufacture of brick, in North Carolina, than that of the
Rocky Mount Brick Company. It is located in the eastern suburbs of the city and the holdings of the company around
the plant are approximately 30 acrfs, of clay, ideally suited for the manufacture of high class building brick.
The plant is complete, and can easily turn out 3,000,000 brick per year. They have installed one
of the largest of the famous brick machines manufactured by J. C. Steele & Sons of Statesville, N. C,
and the admirably arrangement of every detail and part of the plant, together with the machine-like working and
precision of every factor in the manufacture, constitutes a high tribute to the forceful managerial capacity there evi-
denced. The clay is mined by means of a 45-Horse Power hoisting engine with a drag scraper operated with ap-
proximately 3,000 feet of 5-8-inch steel cable attached, eliminating the use of horses or mules altogether. This cable
draws the scraper from a distance of 350 feet, gathering the contents, three-fourths of a cubic yard of clay, in its ap-
proach to the dumping point, and there automatically empties the contents into a clay-gar, which is in turn drawn by
a steel cable up an inclined track finally emptying the contents into the brick machine. This method of mining the
clay was devised by Messrs. W. R. Coleman and D. J. Rose, and speaks volumes for their inventive and mechanical
ability. Besides eliminating a large part of the mining expense, it enables them to greatly increase their capacity.
The cable-drawn drag, above mentioned, which gathers its own contents as it approaches the dumping place, will
move three-fourths of a cubic yard of clay every five minutes, which in a ten hour day, amounts to the enormous
bulk of ninety cubic yards.
In fact, the most forcible impression one gains in inspecting the plant of this company, is the fact that machinery
VIEW OF ROCKY MOUNT BRICK COMPANY'S BED OF CLAY
Also showing Cable which extends o' er field and by use of 45-hor?e power hoistmg engne draws big buckets of clay to track from
where it is -carried to brick machine. This is an original invention, and saves use of several mules and a number of hands
dees the work at every point, and this pleasing effect is further enhanced by the pleasure that is always felt in
observing a^ smoothly and perfectly running manufactory, wherein everything and every employee has a particular
duty to perform and performs it with ease, accuracy and regularity.
A plant conducted as is this one, naturally produces a high class of
work, and the brick here manufactured are the favorite of the market
of Rocky Mount and surrounding territory. No better building brick
is manufactured anywhere, and it is characteristic of this concern,
that the high grade of the manufactured product is reinforced with
business methods that hold customers.
MR. W. R. COLEMAN, Mgr.
'.' ■ " ' '■'■;■; ..■•■"' I ■ .
VIEW SH' WING PART OF ROCKY MOUNT BRICK COMPANY'S PLANT
MR. Z. V. JENKINS.
JENKIN S & JE FFREYS.
Livery, Exchange and Sales Stables.
The firm of Jenkins & Jeffreys was formed and began business Jan. 1, 191 0,
establishing its business in the large and commodious quarters formerly occupied
by the late J. D. Odom. This firm is composed of Messrs. Z. V. Jenkins and W.
E. Jeffreys, two of the leading citizens and business men of Rocky Mount and
Nash county. A full sketch of Mr. Jeffreys, can be found elsewhere in this book.
Mr. Zebulon Vance Jenkins, the active Manager of this concern is one of the
best known and most influential citizens of Nash county, having held with credit,
a number of public positions of trust and honor, and has been for nearly twenty
years one of most forceful Democratic leaders of his county. In 1898, he was
Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee of Nash county, and in the
memorable campaign of that year, redeemed the county, overcoming a Republican-
Populist majority of over 1300 in the previous election. He also conducted the
aggressive and successful campaign of 1900, in which Nash did her part in ratify-
ing the Constitutional Amendment disfranchising the ignorant negro voters. Mr.
Jenkins has been at various times, Deputy-Sheriff, Assistant Register of Deeds,
and during the Legislature of 1909, was Clerk to the Committee of Counties, Cities
and towns. In all of these positions, he has discharged his duties fearlessly and
capably. No man in the county stands higher in the respect and regard of his
fellow-citizens, for he is a clean fighter as well as fearless one. He is yet a compar-
atively young man, having been born in Nashville July 14, 1872. As a business
man, he is able and progressive. His present business is a growing and prosper-
ous one. The firm handles horses and mules in car load lots, together with the
best makes of buggies and harness and is fast winning a fine reputation among
the best classes of the trade. Mr. Jenkins is also an experienced tobacco dealer,
and a promineni and successful planter. He was married several years ago to
Miss Westbrook of Pender county, a member of a prominent Pender county family.
MOON & McLEMORE
Proprietors of The Queen City Pressing Club, The Most Popular Concern
of Its Kind in the City
For several years the people of Rocky Mount, or a greal per
cent of them, have been having their clothes pressed and cleaned
at The Queen City Pressing Club, 'phone 144. This Club is bet-
ter equipped at present than ever before to satisfy their customers
in every respect. Equipped with the latest and most improved
appliances, and employing only expert help, this Pressing Club
is daily adding to its fine reputation for high-class work and sat-
isfactory service. The present owners are Messrs. George W.
Moon and W. E. McLemore, with Mr. Moon as active manager.
Mr. Moon is not only capable and conscientious in his work, but is
a young man of fine character and excellent parts who has made
good under difficult circumstances. He was born July 12, 1890,
in Granville county, was raised on his father's farm, and came to
Rocky Mount in 1905. He worked steadily in the pressing club
business, saving his money and applying himself industriously
to his duties until March, 1911, when he found that he had saved
enough to purchase his present share in the business. A young man of this sort is bound to succeed.
Mr. Moon was married in 1909 to Miss Whitley, of Halifax County.
A sketch of Mr. McLemore will be found in the story of the large tailoring business of which he is manager.
The quarters of this Pressing Club are at 122 North Main Street.
THE SHORE BUILDING
This is cne of the handsomest buildings of the city.
It is owned by Messrs. P. C. and A. E. Shore, who are
numbered among our most substantial and highly re-
spected citizens. The building is occupied by The First
National Bank, Bulluck, Philips & Co. and Robbins
THE SHORE BUILDING
ROCKY MOUNT SIGN WORKS
Mr. Archie R. Nunn, Proprietor.
This enterprise is located in the Echo Building on Main street, opposite the
postoffice, and is doing now quite a volume of business. In fact, so quietly and
unostentatiously does Mr. Nunn proceed about his work that few people in Rocky
Mount have any idea of the amount of business done by him. At present, he is
shipping signs to practically all the towns in Eastern North Carolina. For instance
in one day recently, he shipped over 200 different signs to Tarboro. Solely on its
merits, his work is becoming widely and most favorably known over this part of the
State. There is no kind of sign work that Mr. Nunn is not fully equipped to do
satisfactorily. Some of his specialties are road signs, cloth sale signs, office signs,
and gold and silver lettering. Among his Rocky Mount work, might be mention-
ed the beautiful gold leaf signs on The Planters Bank, The Bank of Rocky Mount,
The First National Bank, the Savings Bank, Wilkinson, Bulluck & Co., and Mr.
Von Milgrom's Jewelry Store. For some time Mr. Nunn has travelled all over this
part of the State, building up the most lucrative part of his work, and now his plans
are to employ additional labor, and take care of the smaller jobs also. He, himself,
is one of the most skilled experts in his line to be found in the State.
Mr. Nunn is a native of Rocky Mount and was born June 22, 1875. He was
reared in Wilmington, and returned to Rocky Mount eighteen years ago, and has
made this his headquarters ever since. He now proposes to make Rocky Mount
the center of the sign business in Eastern Carolina, and there is no reason why he
should not succeed.
MR. ARCHIE NUNN
MR. J. W. DAVENPORT
One of the Ablest and Most Successful of Rocky Mount's Younger Business Men.
Proprietor of the Large General Store of J. W. Davenport, on Washington
Street, and Stockholder in Other Leading Concerns
One of the most popular stores on Washington Street, which is one of the busi-
est retail districts in the city, is that of Mr. J. W. Davenport, General Merchant.
Mr. Davenport carries, besides a complete and up-to-date line of groceries, one of
the best lines of custom tailoring, ready-to-wear clothing, hats, shoes, furniture
and notions. Since the establishment of his business in August, 1894, it has
steadily grown each year, until now its patronage is notably wide and profitable.
Mr. Davenport was born in Pitt County, and was raised in Martin County, in
which county he still owns and operates a fine plantation. Much of his business
success is doubtless due to his being reared on the farm, and the sterling qualities
of character, energy and persistency there imbibed. He came to Rocky Mount in
1894, attending school for one year afterward, and then held a position with the
A. C. L. R. R. Co., as Conductor and in other capacities, for five years, render-
ing the railroad valuable service, and retiring to establish his present business.
Mr. Davenport's fine character, uniform consideration and courtesy to his patrons
and to all with whom he has business dealings, together with his splendid business
ability, have won for him a high standing in Rocky Mount business circles. Besides
his large mercantile establishment, he is a stockholder in two of the leading Rocky
Mount banks, The Bank of Rocky Mcunt and the First National, and is a large
holder of valuable Rocky Mount real estate. He owns in addition, as stated above,
a fine plantation in Martin County. The large measure of success that has come
to Mr. Davenport is a high tribute to his ability and honorable life, and the other engaging personal qualities he pos-
sesses have won for him a wide and canstantly increasing circle of friends and patrons. He was married in January,
1906, to Miss Chrice Otta Johnson, of Louisburg. an attractive and gifted daughter of one of the most prominent
and influential Franklin County families.
MH.J. W. DAVENPORT
HON. JACOB BATTLE.
Ranking among the very ablest of the lawyers of North Carolina is Judge Jacob
Battle, the subject of this sketch, and the dean of the Rocky Mount bar. Judge
Battle was born January 16, 1852, in Nash County. The family is one of the
most distinguished and gifted in the State, the record of their eminent services to
North Carolina dating back before the Revolutionary War. One of Judge Battle's
ancestors was Hon. Elisha Battle, President of the North Carolina Conven-
tion, which ratified the Constitution of the United States. The father of
Judge Battle was Capt. Turner Westray Battle, one of the wealthiest and court-
liest of the ante-bellum planters of Edgecombe, and a gallant Confederate soldier,
commanding Company I, Fifteenth Reg. State Troops, during the Civil War.
Judge Jacob Battle was reared amidst affluence and culture, and was educated
at the University of North Carolina, and the University of Virginia, also taking his
law course at the latter institution, in addition to studying under private tutors.
He was licensed to practice in 1876, and rapidly won a commanding position
among the greatest of North Carolina lawyers. As Judge of the Superior Court,
he took rank as one of the most learned and best equipped jurists on the bench.
Since his retirement from the bench, Judge Battle has devoted his entire attention
to his large and lucrative law practice. He has always been a staunch Democrat
with wide political influence. Among other positions he has held, was that of State
Senator in 1892, in which he rendered his district and the State conspicuous service.
Judge Battle has been twice married, the first time in 1874 to Miss Iva Isabelle
Steele, of Yorkville, S. C. From this union having one son, Mr. Jacob Battle, jr.
After the death of his first wife in 1894, he was married November 4, 18S6to Miss
Nellie G. Gupton of Rocky Mount, by whom he has one sen, Turner/ W^ray
Battle. Judge Battle's religious affiliations are with the Episcopal ChurcTr/and he
has been for many years senior warden of the Church of the Good Shepherd of
HON. JACOB BATTLE.
MR. JAS. P. BUNN.
BUNN & SPRUILL
One Of The Strongest Law
Firms In North Carolina.
The Rocky Mount Bar has long been re-
garded as one of the ablest in North Carolina,
including as it has for many years, lawyers of
State wide reputation, whom the people have
honored time and again with positions of great
One of the strongest law firms of Rocky
Mount, and indeed in the whole State, is that of
Bunn & Spruill, now composed of Messrs. Frank
S. Spruill and James P. Bunn. Mr. Spruill
ranks high among the most eminent of the North
Carolina legal fraternity, and Mr. Bunn, while a
much younger man, both in years and practice,
has already won an enviable position among the
really able lawyers of Eastern Carolina. The
firm has perhaps the largest and most lucrative
practice of any law firm in this section of the
State, and is retained by people in every walk of
life, from the largest corporatirns to the humb-
lest negro who has a meritorious cause. Mr.
Spruill is Division Counsel, and has been for
MR. FRANK S. SPRUILL.
MR. JAMES P. BUNN
rag much of the strong personality, great ability and legal grasp that were characteristic of Mr Bunn th Teld^r Mr
Bunn s mother was, before marriage Miss Harriet A Philm<Tnf th* f„ m -i,, t!f X ! lL , mr - Dunn tne elder - Mr.
Jffi? SU £ aW at h the f f," 16 inStitUti0 " and was lice " sed toPracticebyth e SuprVmeCour^
902. At that time his father was in partnership with Hon. F. S Spruill under the firmZ nfM,™^ -n £
During three campaigns he was Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee of N«2h £ fl i! ■ f Counl y-
an aggressive and masterly campaign, resulting in sweeping DemocraHc victTv He reSd Z ch r *" stance w »P n Z
1910 on account of the pressure of private and professional business Y ' g " ed the Chairman sh>P
Mr. Bunn was married July 26, 1906, to Miss Ella Lee Moorman, of Bristol, Tenn. They have one child, Miss
Mary Jameson, and reside in one of the prettiest and most commodious residences in Rocky Mount, beautifully situ-
ated in the choice residential district on the Falls Road in the Northern part of the city.
HON.F. S. SPRU1LL.
Honorable Frank Shepherd Spruill, Division Counsel for the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company and a mem-
ber of the firm of Bunn & Spruill, is not only one of the ablest lawyers at the North Carolina Bar but is one of the
very strong public men of the State. He was born in Martin County, North Carolina, December 9th, 1862, and is
the third child of William E. Spruill and Harriet Arrington,, blending Scotch-Irish on the paternal side with English
on the maternal. During the Civil War his father, who was in the Confederate service, moved his family from the
exposed territory in Martin County, frequently the scene of Federal raids, to a safer location in Halifax County.
Here Mr. Spruill grew to manhood under the typical influences of Southern plantation life, and in the sports and vigor-
ous occupations incident to life in the country, developed an alert and forceful intellect in a sound and healthy body.
Endowed with a strong and logical mind and gifted with unusual oratorical power he naturally selected the law
as his profession and entered on its study at the University of North Carolina. He obtained his license in February
1884 and located at Henderson, associating himself for the practice with William H. Young, Esq. After a year in
Henderson he removed to Louisburg, Franklin County, where he formed a partnership with Honorable Joseph J.
Davis, afterwards a Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court and a former Congressman. From the beginning
in Louisburg Mr. Spruill enjoyed a large and extensive practice and took high rank at the bar. Being deeply inter-
ested in all public matters affecting the interest of his County and State, and with his splendid ability, it is not to be
wondered at that Mr. Spruill soon became one of the Democratic leaders of his county and section, participating ac-
actively and zealously in every political campaign. His unusual power as an orator and political cam-
paigner early attracted the attention of the party all over the State, and his services came to be constantly,
in demand by the Democratic State Executive Committee. In 1888 he was a delegate to the Democratic National
Convention which nominated Grover Cleveland for the Presidency for a second term, and in the campaign
of that year, Mr. Spruill was one of the most effective speakers of the campaign in North Carolina.
In 1898 he represented Franklin County in the Legislature, being one of the ablest and most influential mem-
bers of that body, and rendering conspicuous services on the Judiciary Committee, on the flcor of Ihe House, and
as Chairman of the Committee on Railroads and Railroad Commissioners. Soon after, he was appointed by Gover-
nor Carr a Director of the State Prison, but soon resigned, the work being uncongenial, and he later accepted an
appointment as Director of the North Carolina Railroad, rendering very valuable services in this latter position in
opposition to the proposed new lease for 99 years of that railroad to the Southern Railway Company. During Mr.
Cleveland's second term as President, Mr. Spruill filled with admirable ability, the position of Assistant United States
District Attorney for the Eastern District of North Carolina. In 1904 the Democrats of Franklin County again nomi-
nated Mr. Spruill for the House of Representatives, which nomination he was compelled to decline on account of his
nomination soon thereafter as one of the Presidential Electors for the State at large, by the Democratic State Con-
vention. In the campaign of 1904 the speeches of Mr. Spruill were widely commented on as being among the very
ablest delivered in Mr. Parker's behalf in the entire South, his beautiful diction, unanswerable logic and the force of
his strong personality carrying conviction to his large audiences and doing much to bring out the great Democratic
majority in North Carolina in that eventful campaign when the Democracy in other States went to pieces, and Mr.
Roosevelt rolled up his unparallelled majority in the nation.
Though one of the great individual political forces in North Carolina, it is in his chosen profession as a lawyer that
Mr. Spruill has attained his highest eminence and his most enduring fame. Careful and painstaking in the prepara-
tion of his cases, tireless in energy, powerful as an advocate, and with the deepest loyalty to the interest of his clients,
he embodies the most effective forces and represents the highest traditions of his ancient and honorable profess-
ion. Being a graduate of the University of North Carolina, he has ever felt the greatest interest in his Alma Mater,
rendering both as trustee for a long period and otherwise every tribute and service at his command to that noble
Mr. Spruill removed to Rocky Mount January 1st, 1908, having been appointed Division Counsel of the great
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad system. No citizen of Rocky Mount is held in higher esteem and respect and as a
member of the strong law firm of Bunn & Spruill he enjoys an expensive and lucrative law practice, such as has
been won by few lawyers in the State. Messrs. Bunn & Spruill are, besides their railroad connection, attorneys for
the Planters Bank of Rocky Mount, county attorneys for Nash County, and attorneys for a number of others of the
strongest corporations of this part of the State, besides possessing a wide practice among people of every class.
Mr. Spruill was happily married in 1833 to Miss Alice Capehart Winston, daughter of Hon. Patrick Henry Winston
and Martha Elizabeth Byrd, and sister of Ex-Judge and ex-Lieut. Gov. Francis D. Winston, Judge Robert W. Winston,
Patrick Henry Winston, Jr., (Ex-Attorney General of the State of Washington) and George Taylor Winston, B. Litt.
A. M., L. L. D., Ex-Pres. Univ. of North Carolina, Ex-President of the North Carolina A. & M. College, and of the Uni-
versity of Texas, four of the ablest and most brilliant men North Carolina has ever produced. Mrs. Spruill is herself
one of the loveliest and most gifted of North Carolina's fair daughters, and it is no doubt to her intelligence and
sympathetic assistance that Mr. Spruill owes much of the large measure of fame md success that he has attained in
feSnTf fhe Stafe S SSS" '?h PriVate Kft The SprUi l' residenCe 0n ralls R ' )ad * one o? ^ handsomest £
VJ™ c P "11 the . State, fitted with every convenience, comfort and arrangement that form an ideal home Here
Mrs. Spruill presides with the rare charm and grace of the old regime. Mr. and Mrs Soruiil have thre? children
Mrs. Thomas Alexander, of Charlotte, Miss Martha Byrd Spruill and Frank Shepherd Spruill Jr '
HON. BENJAMIN H. BUNN.
Nash County's Ablest And Best-Beloved Son.
w-hJ I sreha . s P r o bab f , ] y "ever lived in Nash County, any other man so universally beloved by the oeoole or so
widely trusted and influential, as the late Hon. Benjamin Hickman Bunn, for three terms a member of the U S
Congress, and who was for a quarter of a century before his death, the undisputed leader of the miHtant Democracy
of the county. Mr. Bunn was born in Nash county October 19, 1844, and wL a son o R din Marv H k
man (Bryan) Bunn Mr Redmun Bunn was long one of the most prominent merchants and I planters of 'the county
and gave to his mother state three gallant and gifted sons, (including the subject of mi 'article) two of 'worn ofi
up their lives in battle for their native South during the Civil War One of the brothers Mr SI H R,,!S
killed while gallantly leading a cavalry charge at Burgess' MmSlB^l^^S^miH^rC^
House in 1862 The mother of Redmun Bunn, after the death of his father, was married to Willian i Dortch and
this union was born several children, who attained distinction, among them being Hon WUHam T Dor h wh
represented North Carolina in the Confederate States Senate, and Isaac F. Dortch, who becameVe of h leading
physicians of Alabama. Ben,amin Bunn, the great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch S^me to North Carol nf
™ZZ' rg ?ll S T a , ft l f L hC Re ™]utionary War. The family is of distinguished and noble EngHsh extract Jn a
poTof Queen's Counsel^ 3 " " ° ? the "* H ° n " Wmiam H ' Bunn ' havin ^ during recent yeaS held tfe Sted
Hon. Benjamin H. Bunn, our subject, had just completed his college preparatory course at the outbreak of the
War between the States, and at cnce gave up his studies and enlisted at the age of seventeen in Co. I, Thirtieth N.
C. Infantry, under Capt. Arrington Throughout the entire war he fought gallintly, and young as he was, he at-
tained the rank of Firsc Lieutenant, conferred for conspicuous gallantry on several occasions. At the close of the
war, he studied law under his uncie, William T. Dortch, and Judge Geo. V. Storey, of Goldsboro, and received his
county courc license in June 1866, and his superior court license a year later. He then located permanently at
Rocky Mount for the practice of his profession. As a lawyer, Mr. Bunn at once took high rank, and during the
years that followed built a reputation as one of the very strongest men at the Carolina bar. As an advocate, North
Carolina has possibly never known his superior. Almost every man in the county was personally known to him,
and gave him full confidence. His practice when he died was one of the largest, most representative and most
lucrative in North Carolina. Eloquent in voice, commanding in presence and personality, and admirably grounded
and learned in the law, he was the ideal lawyer and political leader. He first entered the political arena as sub-
elector on the Seymour-Blair ticket in 1868, and in 1875 was a member of the Constitutional Convention that framed
the present Constitution of North Carolina. In 1882, he was a member of the legislature and was Chairman of the
Joint Committee on the Code, an almost unprecedented honor to be conferred on a member of the lower house.
In 1884, he was elector for the Fourth North Carolina District for the national ticket of Cleveland and Hendricks,
and was chosen as the messenger to convey the vote of North Carolina to the United States Senate at Washington.
Four years before, in 1880, he was a delegate to the National Democratic Convention, which nominated General
Hancock for the Presidency. In 1886, Mr. Bunn was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for Congress and
led the convention for 212 ballots, Hon. John M. Graham finally receiving the nomination on the 213th ballot. In
the election following, Mr. Graham was defeated by Nichols, Republican, by 1,500 majority. Two years later,
however, the Democrats of the District gave Mr. Bunn an unanimous nomination for Congress, and in the campaign
and election that followed, he redeemed the district and was elected by the handsome majority of 2,600 votes. Two
years later, in 1890, so well and faithfully had he served his district, that he was re-elected by 6,500 majority, and
was a third time elected by a handsome majority in 1892. !n 1894, the year of the disgraceful fusion victory, Mr.
Bunn was not a candidate for re-election, retiring to give his entire time and attention to his large and profitable law
practice. While in Congress, Mr. Bunn was a distinguished figure, and ranked among the strongest of the mem-
bers of the great Democratic congressional majorities of those halcyon years. Some of his speeches in Congress
were so notably able and wise that they were distributed broadcast all over the country as campaign literature by the
Democratic National Committee.
Mr. Bunn was happily married November 7th, 1871, to Miss Harriet A. Philips, a lady of much culture and
refinement, and a daughter of Dr. James J. Philips, for many years one of the leading physicians of the state. Two
of her brothers were Ex-Judge Fred Philips and Hon. Joseph B. Philips, among North Carolina's most gifted sons.
Nine children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Bunn, as follows: Miss Mary (now Mrs. Dr. G. L. Wimberly), Miss
Hattie, Miss Bessie, Miss Annie Lee (now Mrs. R. B. Davis Jr.,) Mr. Benj. H. Bunn Jr., Miss Laura Maude, Miss
Catherine, Mr. Redmun Bunn (deceased), and Mr. James P. Bunn, now one of the ablest practitioners of the Rocky
Mount bar, and one of the influential and strong political leaders of Nash County and this section.
Mr. Bunn died August 25th, 1907, as universally mourned by the entire citizenship of this city and county, and
indeed of all this section of the state, as any man who has ever lived within its boarders. During the last years of
his life, he devoted his entire time to his loved profession in which he had won such commanding eminence, and
was the senior member of the noted law firm of Bunn, Spruill & Bunn, in which Honorable F. S. Spruill and Mr.
James P. Bunn were his partners.
THE TOBACCO PLANTERS WAREHOUSE
The above is a picture of the large tobacco warehouse of The Tobacco Planters Warehouse Co., one of the best
equipped warehouses in North Carolina. The company that conducts it is composed of farmers, who proceed on
the principle that the farmers should sell their own tobacco. They have operated the warehouse for one season with
distinct success, paying a dividend of 16 per cent, and the future is most promising for them. Every dollar of the
capital stock is backed by real estate to a greater value.
Mr. David Everett is President; Mr. W. H. Home, Secretary and Treasurer; and Mr. P. C. Vestal, Manager.
They sell a large share of the tobacco sold on the local market.
■:■■-'. "■; ■; ■ ■
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61 litlH ;
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Mfflllilli'.ii. i!!1V.iii;!!li!!!i| i
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""_ <■ ■ •' ' '" ■* a5 *sl^P»s-i; •,:. -.- «ai^^|.
BRASWELL HOUSE, ROCKY MOUNT, N. C.
A home-like private Boarding House. All modern conveniences. Centrally located. Mrs. M. B. Braswell
MR. W. E. JEFFREYS COUNTRY RESIDENCE.
Mr. Jeffreys has lately remodeled his residence and now has an ideal country home with modern conveniences.
A sketch of Mr. Jeffreys appears elsewhere.
The County Seat of Nash County. A Celebrated Old Town That is Now
Wide-Awake to Modern Opportunities and Progress. Center of
One of the Fastest Growing Counties in North Carolina.
Nashville, the county seat of Nash County, is a prosperous town of 750 people, according to the census of
1910 It is not definitely known when Nashville was first established with stores and an inn, but the town is more
than 100 years old. Nash County was formed in 1778, and in 1780 Micajah Thomas, a large land owner in and
around the present site of Nashville, sold to the then County Commissioners, Duncan Lamm, Edward Moore, Mat-
thew Drake, Nathan Boddie and Arthur Amngton, and their successors in office, three acres of land, more or less,
for the public buildings. The consideration was 10 pounds of "good and lawful money," so recorded in Book 1,
Page 112, of the Nash County registry. .*,,.„ j L ,*■ t_ i
In Book 10, Page 167, of the Nash County registry, is a plot of the town of Nashville as surveyed by Michael
Collins This plot was made in 1820, the Commissioners carrying out the order of the General Assembly of North
Carolina. The Commissioners were: Michael Collins, Archibald Lamon, David Ricks, Willie Bunting, and Joseph
Hopkins According to the plot of 1820, Nashville was 70 poles long, with Washington street, and 64 poles wide ax
one end and 13 poles wide at the other. There were no streets parallel to Washington street, and Hilliard, Collins,
Alston and Boddie streets were given as cross streets. There was also Drake alley. _ '
Nashville for a long time was simply the county seat, a sleepy and delightful village with little growth, but in
recent years it has taken on new life. There are a number of handsome brick business houses, and no town of its
size in the State has handsomer residences. The streets were a long time virtually sand banks, but within the past
two years the principal streets, Washington and Railroad, have been made into splendid sand-clay thoroughfares,
and other improvements are being made in the town. The present officers are: J. H. T. Baker, mayor, and Dr.
T. T. Ross, G.. L. Jones, R. U. Brooks and G. N. Bissette, commissioners. I. W. Strickland is chief of police. In
giving the population of Nashville, it might be well to say that it is nearly all white, as the negro population live
beyond the corporate limits of the town.
NASH COUNTY COURT HOUSE, Nashville, N. C.
NEW GRAND JURY BUILDING, Nashville, N. C.
Nashville is situated on the Spring Hope branch of the A. C. L. Railroad, ten miles west of Rocky Mount. The
town has numerous large mercantile and supply houses, a large lumber concern, newspaper and job printing concern,
and other enterprises. The County Commissioners have recently had a modern plumbing and sewerage system in-
stalled in the county buildings, and it is thought this will soon be extended to the business places and residences of
Nashville is situated near the center of Nash County, long famous for the celebrated "Nash County Brandy"
(some of which is still left), birt which has become best known during the past decade as a county which "does
things," one of the most thoroughly progressive and fastest growing counties in North Carolina. Among the large
movements now on foot are: a powerful good roads movement that is accomplishing line results; the establishment
w " u ^ ch u 0l M, and W schools; and the voting of special taxes for schools by districts all over the county
th St t an S County during the next ten years— no better record will be made by any county iri
STREET SCENE IN NASHVILLE'S BUSINESS SECTfON
MR' S. G. GRIFFIN, Vice-Piesideiu
Vaughan, E. B. Grantham and W. G. Robinson.
THE BANK OF NASHVILLE.
The Only Bank at The County Seat Of Nash County
Well-Managed, Conservative And Safe. A Popu-
The Bank of Nashville was organized in 1902, with $5,000. capital. From its
initial day, it has prospered and grown, both in deposits and in the confidence of
the people. The capital has since been increased to $15,000, this being made
necessary by the Volume of business transacted, which has been constantly swell-
ing Much of the success of this bank is and has been due no doubt to the finan-
cial strength, fine ability and unswerving integrity of its management. The Presi-
dent is Hon. Samuel F. Austin, Attorney at Law, and ex-County Judge, one of
IN ash County s leading lawyers and most progressive business men, of whom a
sketch is given elsewhere in this book. The Vice-President is Mr. S. G Griffin
a sate and sound business man, who commands the confidence of every citizen
who has ever come in contact with him. Mr. Griffin is a native Nash County boy
having been born near Red Oak. Prior to his connection with the bank, which
began in 1907, he was associated in responsible positions with the A C L R R
■ii an . d r th the Arrin gton-Bissett Co., of Nashville. The Cashier of the bank
1S Lr r ' J ' J , Brid S ers - a native of Nashville, who has by his honorable life, fine
ability and unfailing courtesy, won the regard of every patron of the bank and of
the people ot the county. The Board of Directors is an exceptionally fine one,
being composed of able and conservative business men in whom the public have
every confidence. It is as follows: Messrs. S. F. Austin, S. G. Griffin R U
Brooks, W. G. Dozier, J. N. Sills, S. J. Bartholomew, J. D. Winstead, L T
MR. SAMUEL S. GAY
MR. S. S. GAY, Treasurer
Treasurer Of Nash County
The subject of this sketch is a native born son of Nash County, the date of
his birth being April 30, 1862. Mr. Gay was born in what is now Stony Creek
Township, and attended the public schools of Nash and Edgecombe Counties. He
was raised on the farm, and has remained a farmer, although accumulating other
business interests from year to year. Although he now holds the position of
Treasurer of Nash County, he stills conducts his farm and is devoted to the agri-
cultural interests of the County. Mr. Gay was married April 6, 1887 to Miss
Robbins of Rocky Mount Township, Nash County, N. C. Mr. and Mrs. Gay
have at this time four children, three girls and one boy.
In the year 1897, Mr. Gay moved to Nashville, the county seat, and so well
did he discharge the duties of a good citizen, and gain the respect of the people of
the town that he was elected Mayor of Nashville in 1901, in which position he
served faithfully and capably for four years, giving the city a clean government
that was satisfactory to all. Mr. Gay has always been a strong Democrat and has
done fine service for the party. Recognizing his strong claims the Demo-
cratic party in 1910 elected him Treasurer of the County, in which position he is
now serving with splendid ability and absolute fidelity to the trust that has been
reposed in him by his fellow citizens of Nash County.
MR. CHARLES L. JOHNSTON -Sheriff of Nash County.
Mr. Charles Lee Johnston, the popular and capable Sheriff of Nash County
is yet a young man, having been born in Battleboro, Nash Co., March 26, 1873'
He attended the public schools of his county, and also some excellent private
schools. While he lived in Battleboro most of the time during his early you.h and
attended school much of the time, it might be said that he is a farmer, born and
bred, for nearly all of his spare time was spent on his father's farm, a few miles
from town. In 1892 when 19 years of age, Mr. Johnston moved to the farm he
now owns, and for a number of years devoted himself to agricultural pursuits In
1897 and 1898 Mr. Johnston served as Deputy Sheriff of the County, under his
uncle, the late Sheriff J. H. Wheless. During these years, he gained much of the
experience that has enabled him to make such a popular and capable official during
his incumbency as Sheriff of the county. In 1899, he entered the tobacco busi-
ness and that year conducted a tobacco warehouse in Nashville The following
year, he entered the employ of Mr. C. C. Cooper, the veteran tobacco warehouse-
man of Rocky Mount, and remained with Mr. Cooper during the years 1900-01-
02-03. In 1904 Mr. Johnston was married to Miss Mary Bradley of Edgecombe
County, and that year moved back to his farm in Nash County.
Mr. Johnston has always been a strong Democrat and a hard fighter in every
political contest that has been conducted in the county since his early youth Rec-
ognizing his services to the party, the Democrats of Nash in 1906 elected him
Sheriff of Nash County. So satisfactorily did he discharge the difficult and re-
sponsible duties of his office that he was re-elected in 1908, and re-elected for a third
term in 1910. Sheriff Johnston is a member of one of the most prominent families
in the county, and it is a matter of common knowledge, and is universally admitted
that he has made one of the best sheriffs that the county has ever had. Being pos-
sessed of the highest order of physical courage and just in the prime of vigorous
manhood, Sheriff Johnston has performed the hard responsibilities that have de-
volved upon him with unusual zest and efficiency. He makes his home now in Nashville, the county seat of his
MR. C. L. JOHNSTON. Sheriff
r ' -..vu.»i«. -voi uiiu v.iiiwi_iiv,j( . nt llldlS.es HIS 11U111C IIUW II
:ounty, and is a prominent member of the Pythian, Elks and Masonic fraternities.
THE NASH SUPPLY COMPANY
The Oldest and Leading Mercantile and Supply House
in Nashville, and Extensive Buyers of
MR. W. G. DOZIER, G
im« Jr ♦ k and best known mercantiI e concern at the county seat of
Nash County, being successors to V. B. Batchelor, who conducted a mercantife
t? L r , 0m away back in the eari y histor y of the town mercantile
1 he Nash Supply Company was incorporated under its present name in 1905
SIS K 6nt °H ffiCerS 3nd st °<*holders are men who represent much of the
Pre Sent S Y f" CJ^v" S & ,rit °i the t0V TV and count y- The y are as follows^
President, S F. Austin; Vice-President and General Manager, W. G Dozier
Secretary and Treasurer, G. M. Strickland. Stockholders, th£ foregoing and in
Henrv n: aT?\?* ?"„ Bah ? d ? r ' V. A. Batchelor, W. L. Strickland and J W
m w W J ud ee Austin, the President, is given elsewhere.
Mr. W. G. Dozier, Vice-President and General Manager, is one of the
county s most prominent and successful citizens, and is know? as an aggress ive
14 Iffl? »n« ^"Sf m ? n H ger ;, Mr , D P zie ^ was born near Nashville sfpfemS
14, 1883 and was educated in the schools of Nash County. For some years he
90V Li Son' ■» r aShVll i 6 ' and ^where in the county, with fine success Fom
1903 to 1909, inclusive, he was Cashier of the Bank of Nashville, winning in that
position golden laurels for efficiency, courtesy and general fit-
ness. He retired from the bank in 1909 to enter the mercantile
business, his firm selling out to The Nash Supply Company, of
which concern Mr. Dozier was at once elected Vice-President
and General Manager. From a comparatively small business,
when Mr. Dozier took charge, this concern has phenomenally
grown until it is now doing an enormous cash and time busi-
ness—the largest in the city. Besides the usual mercantile and
supply lines, they make a specialty of high-grade fertilizers,
selling a great quantity, and this year, (191 1), have added a
splendidly equipped Millinery Department, which is very
Mr. Dozier was married some years ago to Miss Annie
Brooks, the gifted and accomplished daughter of Mr. R. U.
Brooks, one of the county's most substantial citizens. Mrs.
Dozier is a lady of unusual business judgment and talent, and
no doubt has contributed much to the notable success of her
NASH SUPPLY COMPANY'S QUARTERS
MR. J. B. BODDIE.
Register Of Deeds Of Nash County.
Mr. John Buchanan Boddie, the present efficient Register of Deeds of Nash
County, is one of the most popular and capable men who have ever occupied that
office. Mr. Boddie is not only capable and efficient, but he is universally polite
and courteous to everybody who has occasion to visit his office, numberless times
going out of his way to do a service. Mr. Boddie is very loyal to his friends, of
whom he has as many as any man who lives in the county, and they always know
that they can count on him.
Mr. Boddie is a native of Nash county, having been born four miles north of
Nashville, on August 27, 1858. He was raised on the farm, and was educated in
the public schools of the county. He has lived all his life here, devoting unremit-
tingly his ability and energy to the cause of progress and improvement in his native
county. Mr. Boddie served as Treasurer of Nash County for four years, from
1880 to 1884. Later he was engaged in the mercantile business in Nashville, con-
ducting one of the largest concerns at that time in the town. From 1900 to 1908
he was assistant to the Register of Deeds of Nash County. In 1908 he, himself,
was elected Register of Deeds, after a hard, spirited contest, and was re-elected
unanimously last year, 1910, for another term of two years. It is quite probable
that the people of Nash County will keep Mr. Boddie in his present position for a
number of years to come, for he has become known as a hard man to beat, his
honorable and capable discharge of the duties of his office having been most satis-
factory to the people of the county. Mr. Boddie was married a number of years
ago to Miss Eugenia Taylor, daughter of Col. K. C. Taylor, of Whitakers, N. C.
Mr. and Mrs. Boddie have two children, one son and one daughter, both cf whom
are grown. Mr. Boddie resides in Nashville, the county sea! of Nash County,
where he is, in addition to his official duties, faithfully performing the duties of a good and useful citizen.
MR. J. B. BODDIE, Register of Deed*
HON. SAMUEL F. AUSTIN
President of The Bank of Nashville, Ex-County Judge and a Leader of the Nash
HON. S. F. AUSTIN
beautiful residence in the suburbs of Nashville.
Honorable Samuel F. Austin is not only an able lawyer, but is one of the
most resourceful aud influential business men in Nash County. To give an idea
of the extent of his interests and influence, it is only necessary to name the im-
portant concerns in the conduct of which his is a potent hand, to-wit- He is Presi-
d< Z n l of r} he , Ba , n J, of Nashvi "e, President of the Nash Supply Company, Treasurer
of the Parker- Whitaker Lumber Company, President of the Nashville Publishing
Company, Vice-President of the Farmers Oil Company, a member of the firm of
Austin & Batchelor, horse and mule dealers, and President of the Austin-Stephen-
son Company, a large mercantile concern at Smithfield. He is also a prominent
Director of the Underwriters Fire Insurance Company of Rocky Mount
,o„n Juc J? e Austin , was born in J oh n st on County, North Carolina, September 20,
18o9. He was educated and read law at the University of North Carolina and
was licensed to practice in 1895. The same year he located at Nashville for the
practice of his profession. From his first coming to Nashville he has evidenced
, ega Ln nd L business abiIity of a high order > as we " as a clean a "d honorable life
In 1904 the people of Nash elected him a member of the Legislature where he
rendered conscicuous service. For two terms he served as County Judge mak-
ing in that high station a fine record for probity and profound knowledge' of the
law, retiring in 1911 to resume his large law practice.
Judge Austin was married several years ago to Miss Ida Batchelor, daughter
<>i 'ii . \ 11. Batchelor, a wealthy and prominent citizen of Nash. They have a
MR. R. C. CALTON, Manager.
NASHVILLE DRUG COMPANY
The Leading Druggists and
This store was established under its present name in 1905, and was incor-
porated two years ago— 1909. The officers are as follows:
President, C. L. Johnston; Vice-President, J. N. Sills; Treasurer, R. H.
Patterson; Secretary and Manager, R. C. Calton. Directors, C. L. Johnston J
N. Sills, R. C. Calton, R. H. Patterson, Mrs. R. H. Patterson, Dr. J. T. Strick-
land and T. A. Sills. Authorized capital, $5,000. Paid in capital, $3,200.
This is the leading drug store of Nashville, and it is safe to say that for artis-
tic arrangement, neatness and cleanliness of the store, and completeness of the
lines carried, it is not surpassed by any drug store in any town in the state the
size of Nashville. The rule of the store is the utmost care in the compounding of
prescriptions, and aggressive progress in the conduct of the business. Besides a
complete line of drugs, (which include the famous Rexall Remedies), this store
carries the well known Liggett's and Fenway's lines of Chocolates, also a com-
plete stock of toilet articles, stationery, cigars, tobacco and every thing kept in the
most up-to-date drug store.
The managers and directors of this company are among the strongest and
most prominent business men in this section of the State. The Secretary and
Manager, Mr. R. C. Calton, is an energetic and resourceful business manager. He is a native of Rutherford County
North Carolina, and was born October 7th, 1883. Mr. Calton came to Nashville as manager of this store in 1907'
and by his strict business methods and honorable life has won the respect and confidence not only of his business
associates, but of the whole community. Mr. Calton was married in 1909 to Miss Willie K. Poovey, an attractive
and gifted lady of Ridgeway, S. C, who was formerly a teacher in the Nashville Graded Schools
INTERIOR VIEW NASHVILLE DRUG CO.
MR. BERNARD A. BROOKS
MR. BERNARD A. BROOKS
Attorney At Law
Mr. Bernard Alexander Brooks is a native of Person County North Caro-
lina, and was born October 4, 1878. His father, Mr. R. U. Brooks one of Nash
County's most respected citizens, moved to Castalia, Nash County, when youns
Brooks was a year old, and in 1887 came to Nashville.
Mr. B. A. Brooks was educated at the University of North Carolina, and took
his law course there. He was admitted to the Bar in August 1902 and first
located at Thomasville, N. C. While practicing in Thomasville, Mr. Brooks was
married to Miss Nellie D. Cramer, (daughter of Mr. John T. Cramer, of that city)
who died only four months afterwards.
Mr. Brooks left Thomasville, coming to Nashville to permanently locate in
TO m S er i 9 2J' For some years he has been a member of the strong law firm
?X W ? od f rd ' c X^? rpe & Brooks > composed of Mr. Brooks, Honorable Fred A
Woodard, of Wilson, and Judge W. L. Thorpe, of Rocky Mount, which firm was
dissolved a few weeks ago, at Mr. Brook's suggestion, on the election of fudge
Thorpe as County Judge of Nash County.
In 1906 Mr. Brooks was elected Mayor of Nashville, and gave the town a
clean and capable administration. He was married the second time on February
17, 1909, to Miss Birdie Taylor, daughter of Col. W. C. Taylor, of Whitakers N
C, the head of one of the most prominent families in the county.
During a number of campaigns Mr. Brooks has been actively engaged in
politics As a lawyer he is diligent and well equipped. His offices are in the
Grand Jury Building.
MR. THOMAS A.
A. SILLS. Clerk of Co
Clerk of the Superior Court of Na. Jounty.
If there is at this time one citizen of Nash County who is more popular than
any other, that one is the well-known and beloved Clerk of the Superior Court,
Thomas Alfred Sills. Mr. Sills not only faithfully and capably discharges the
duties of his responsible office, but he makes it a point to render the most accom-
modating and cheerful attention and service to every citizen of the county who
has business with him. The rich and the poor alike find in him a kind and stead-
fast friend, and his hand is always open to help the deserving and the needy.
These things, added to the fact that he is one of the most lovable of men and pos-
sesses a name that is synonomous with honor and probity in Nash County, have
made him so popular and loved by all classes of citizens, that it is simply impos-
sible to defeat him before the people of his county. He is now serving his fourth
term as Clerk of the Superior Court, having been first elected in 1898. and
re-elected in 1902, 1906 and 1910, winning overwhelming victories each time, and
having no opposition at all in two of his campaigns. He is a strong Democrat of
the old school.
Mr. Sills is a son of Dr. Gray Sills, and was born near Castaiia, March 7,
1850, and was reared on the old Sills Farm, which has been in the family since
1798. He was a practical farmer all his life until elected Clerk of the Court. Mr.
Sills was married November 16, 1882, to N[\ss Pattie Thompson, of Mississippi, by
whom he has five children. Mr. James N. Sills, one of his sons, is the cour-
teous and competent Assistant Clerk of the Superior Court, and Mr. Scott Sills,
another of his sons, is Assistant Cashier of the First National Bank of Rocky
Mount. Mr. Sills resides in Nashville, the county seat.
MR. W. H. PROCi
One of Nash County's Useful and Prominent Citizt.
A Successful Business Man and a Staunch
MR. W. H. PROCTOR
Among the men of Nash who have achieved substantial business success
useful citizenship is numbered Mr. William Henry Proctor, the subject o
sketch, who was born September 9, 1867.
Mr. Proctor is a native of Cooper's Township, Nash County, and is a
the late Mr. H. H. Proctor, a prominent planter of the county and one of
stantial citizens. Mr. W. H. Proctor was raised on the farm, and dev
strength of character and determination, together with habits of industn
plication that doubtless account for much of the wide success he has ?
his business career and the esteem in which he is held by his fellow
The main occupations in which Mr. Proctor has been engaged
and the saw mill business, and he has been eminently successful in
entered the saw mill business in 1900, and his record has been on.
success, both financially and in the building of a reputation as a safe
as well as a fair and honorable, business man. Thoroughly informed
enced in all the details of the necessary processes of his business, and
up with splendid ability and untiring energy, it was inevitable that
should succeed. Incidentally, he has accumulated a very comfo:
this world's goods, and his residence on his well-filled and well :
.... of tile prettiest in the lol. cy. As a planter Mr. Proctor has been no less successful than
riis home and plantation are in what is now Oak Level Township, (formerly Cooper's Town-
autiful appearance cf his farm and the ideal arrangement of his home have been the subject of much
those who have seen them. The Oak Level Stock Farm, of which Mr. Procter is proprietor is
id most favorably known in the county. Here Mr. Proctor raises sone of the most famous breeds
try, including Yorkshires, Berkshires and Duroc Jerseys.
, >,. eminence in a business way, Mr. Proctor has been for many years one of the most energetic and
z Democratic workers in Nash Count, . He served ten years successively as JusK of the Peace of
ownship, making an excellent record, and finally resigning on account of the pressui. f his private
in every campaign in the county since his early manhood, Mr. Proctor has been a strong ^set to the
.Htic party, and a man on whom the party could rely. For twenty years past, with the exception of two vears,
been a member of the Democratic Executive Committee of the county, rendering very effective service' Be
i strong supporter of the school interests and is always ready to lend his support to any movement that will
the educations interests of his native county.
'des his other business interests, Mr. Proctor has a large merchandise brokerage business, representing
^ .eading concerns of the country, selling meats, lard and provisions, hay and grain, tobaccos and cigars
■^nd tombstones. s
froctor was married several years ago to Miss Moore, of Wilson County, an attractive and gifted woman
Tiber of a prominent Wilson County family. Mr. and Mrs. Proctor have been blessed with five healthy
"d intelligent children, three of whom are boys and two are girls
Attorney At Law, Prosecuting Attorney for Nash County and I
Democratic County Executive Committee
Mr. Leon Thomas Vaughan is a native of Halifax County, I
born at Scotland Neck September 25, 1875. He was educated at
Academy of Scotland Neck, and at Wake Forest College, graduating
of 1902. He taught school for two years, being principal of the Chun:
School in Warren County, N. C, evidencing in his educational worr- .
high order. In the meantime Mr. Vaughan took the law course at Wake
and was admitted to the bar in due course in August, 1903. After finishin
term of his school in Warren County he came to Nashville in May, 1904, *
manently locate for the practice of his profession.
Mr. Vaughan has impressed the people of Nashville and Nash Cou
the fact that he is not only a gifted lawyer, but is a man of the highe^
While making his profession a very jealous mistress, he yet finds tin? .
aid every movement that is inaugurated calculated to promote the progr
town and county. He is a strong Democrat, and since his coming to
has been one of the strongest forces in every political campaign. Recog
fine executive ability and his excellent qualifications for leadership, the U
of the County in 1910 elected him Chairman of the Democratic County
Committee. The faith of the party was fully justified in the days tha
Mr. Vaughan conducted an aggressive and intelligent campaign that res
almost unparalleled Democratic majority in the November election. (
ation of the office of Prosecuting Attorn ;y for the Recorder's Court c 1,
by the Legislature of 1911, Mr. Vaughan was unanimously elected t
the Board of County Commissioners. His splendid ability and faithful application have given Mr-
private practice. Mr. Vaughan was married March 28, 1906, to Miss Mary Laura Ross, cha r
T. T. Ross, one of the most prominent citizens of the county.
MR. I.KON T. VAUGHAN